A saltbox is a
wooden frame house with a long, pitched roofthat slopes down to the back. A saltbox has just one storey in the back and two stories in the front. The flat front and central chimneyare recognizable features, but the asymmetry of the unequal sides and the long, low rear roof line are the most distinctive features of a saltbox, which takes its name from its resemblance to a wooden lidded box in which salt was once kept.
The saltbox originated in
New England, and is an example of American colonial architecture. It was popularized by Queen Anne's taxation of structures greater than one story. Since the rear of saltboxes descended to the height of a single-story building, the structure was exempt from the tax.cite web| url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9A01E7D6153DE433A25751C2A9649D946197D6CF| title="The Salt-Box House.; BOOKS OF THE SEASON."|author= New York Times|accessdate=2008-04-27] cite web |url=http://www.insteadofapes.com/taxshelters/index.html |title=Tax Shelters: The Three-Story Bungalow |accessdate=2008-04-27 ]
The style was popular for structures throughout the colonial period and into the early Republic, perhaps because of the simplicity of its design. The earliest saltbox-like houses were created when a lean-to addition was added onto the rear of the house. Old weathered clapboards are still in place on parts of the original rear walls of some of the earliest New England homes. The hand-riven oak clapboards on the
Ephraim Hawley Houseare preserved in place in the attic that was created when the lean-to was added in the 1840s.
Saltboxes, along with many other types of colonial houses, can be considered to be timber-frame houses. Timber framing, or
post-and-beam construction, involves joining large pieces of wood with woodworkingjoints, such as mortise-and-tenon joints, or with wooden pegs, braces, or trusses. Metal nails were sparingly used, because of their expense. Timber frame construction was the construction method for all frame houses in 17th- and 18th-century America, where the abundance of wood made the timber frame house popular. The exterior of a saltbox was often finished with clapboard or other wooden siding.
American colonial architecture
Cape Cod (house)
List of house types
* [http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/list/175_sal1.html Saltbox Houses in the Historic American Buildings Survey]
* [http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/list/100_tim.html Timber-frame Houses in the Historic American Buildings Survey]
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saltbox — [sôlt′bäks΄] n. 1. a box for salt, with a sloping lid ☆ 2. a house, as in colonial New England, shaped somewhat like this, having two stories in front and one at the rear, and a gable roof with a much longer slope at the rear * * * salt·box… … Universalium
saltbox — receptacle for keeping salt for domestic use, 1610s, from SALT (Cf. salt) (n.) + BOX (Cf. box) (n.). As a type of frame house, 1876, so called from resemblance of shape … Etymology dictionary
saltbox — [sôlt′bäks΄] n. 1. a box for salt, with a sloping lid ☆ 2. a house, as in colonial New England, shaped somewhat like this, having two stories in front and one at the rear, and a gable roof with a much longer slope at the rear … English World dictionary
saltbox — noun Date: 1876 a frame dwelling with two stories in front and one behind and a roof with a long rear slope … New Collegiate Dictionary
saltbox — m Casa de entramado de madera, caracterнstica de Nueva Inglaterra, que posee una cubierta a dos aguas en la que el faldуn frontal es considerablemente mбs corto que el trasero … Diccionario de Construcción y Arquitectur
saltbox — noun a distinctively shaped wooden frame house with two storeys at the front and one behind, characteristic of New England … Wiktionary
saltbox — n. box for storing salt; American architectural style with two stories in the front of the building and one in the rear (found mainly in New England) … English contemporary dictionary
saltbox — noun N. Amer. a frame house having up to three storeys at the front and one fewer at the back with a steeply pitched roof … English new terms dictionary
saltbox — noun a type of house built in New England; has two stories in front and one behind • Hypernyms: ↑house … Useful english dictionary
Saltbox (album) — Infobox Album Name = Saltbox Type = Album Artist = Red Aunts Released = 1996 Genre = Punk Rock Length = Label = Epitaph Last album = #1 Chicken (1995) This album = Saltbox (1996) Next album = Ghetto Blaster (1998) Saltbox is the fourth full… … Wikipedia