Type-E Dualism


Type-E Dualism

This is the view that ‘phenomenal properties’ are different from physical properties. That phenomenal properties can have no effect on the physical. In other words, there are two properties, the physical and the mental.

‘Physical states cause phenomenal states, but not vice versa’. So the psychophysical laws run only from phenomenal to physical, not vice versa. So the causal chain can only move in one direction- form the physical to the ‘mental’. Our mind cannot have a direct effect on the physical world.

Type-E dualism is compatible with substance "and" property dualism, and is supposed to respect both consciousness and science. Many people think this theory is counterintuitive. If the theory is true, then phenomenal states can have no direct effect on our actions. For example, when I feel pain, this does not "cause" me to move my hand away from the flame. The phenomenal state is not the cause of a physical action.

Even though this view is often seen to be false, there is no evidence to show it to be so. Evidence only shows a connection between a mental state and a physical state. I.e., certain experiences are typically followed by a certain action. There is no causation here, just a common coincidence, which leads us to a belief that it will always happen- that there is a causal connection. (See Hume on causation)

So, if epiphenomenalism (Type-E Dualism) were true, it would point to the same situation. It "appears" that consciousness has a causal relationship to our physical actions, where really it is just coincidences that have lead to strong beliefs that there is in fact a causal connection.

References

*Nightingale R (2008) (Provided and written by), What Table? Blog, [http://whattable.wordpress.com/ "Consciousness and its Place in Nature"] .


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dualism (philosophy of mind) — René Descartes s illustration of dualism. Inputs are passed on by the sensory organs to the epiphysis in the brain and from there to the immaterial spirit. In philosophy of mind, dualism is a set of views about the relationship between mind and… …   Wikipedia

  • Dualism — For other uses, see Dualism (disambiguation). Dualism (from the Latin word duo meaning two ) denotes a state of two parts. The term dualism was originally coined to denote co eternal binary opposition, a meaning that is preserved in metaphysical… …   Wikipedia

  • Dualism — • Denotes the religious or theological system which would explain the universe as the outcome of two eternally opposed and coexisting principles Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Dualism     Dualism …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • DUALISM — DUALISM, the religious or philosophical doctrine which holds that reality consists, or is the outcome, of two ultimate principles which cannot be reduced to one more ultimate first cause. Dualistic systems have appeared in philosophical… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • dualism — dualist, n., adj. /dooh euh liz euhm, dyooh /, n. 1. the state of being dual or consisting of two parts; division into two. 2. Philos. a. the view that there are just two mutually irreducible substances. Cf. monism, pluralism. b. the view that… …   Universalium

  • Type physicalism — The relevant question: what will research discover? Can types of mental states be meaningfully described by types of physical events (type physicalism), or is there some other problem with this pursuit? Type physicalism (also known as reductive… …   Wikipedia

  • Dualism — a set of beliefs which begins with the claim that the mental and the physical have a fundamentally different nature. It is contrasted with varying kinds of monism, including materialism and phenomenalism. Dualism is one answer to the mind body… …   Mini philosophy glossary

  • Property dualism — In other words, it is the view that non physical, mental properties (such as beliefs, desires and emotions) adhere in some physical substances (namely brains). Substance dualism, on the other hand, is the view that there exist two kinds of… …   Wikipedia

  • Substance dualism — a set of beliefs which begins with the claim that the mental and the physical have a fundamentally different nature. It is contrasted with varying kinds of monism, including materialism and phenomenalism. Dualism is one answer to the mind body… …   Mini philosophy glossary

  • Glossary of philosophical isms — This is a list of topics relating to philosophy that end in ism . compactTOC NOTOC A * Absolutism – the position that in a particular domain of thought, all statements in that domain are either absolutely true or absolutely false: none is true… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.