Murid (Arabic: مُرِيد) is a Sufi term meaning 'committed one' from the root meaning "willpower" or "self-esteem". It refers to a person who is committed to a Murshid (teacher) in a Tariqa (spiritual path) of Sufism. Also known as a Salik (Arabic: سَالِك), a murid is an initiate into the mystic philosophy of Sufism. When the Talib makes a pledge (Bay'ah) to a Murshid the Talib becomes initiated as a Murid. The initiation process is known as `ahd (Arabic: عَهْد ) or Bai'ath. Before initiation a Murid is guided and taught by a Murshid (Arabic: مُرْشِد) or Pir who must first accept the initiate as his or her disciple. Throughout the instruction period, the Murid typically experiences visions and dreams during personal spiritual exercises. These visions are interpreted by the Murshid. The Murid is invested in the cloak of the order upon initiation, having progressed through a series of increasingly difficult and significant tasks on the path of mystical development. Murids often receive books of instruction from Murshids and often accompany itinerant Murshids on their wanderings.
- Mourides, the Senegalese version of murids
Various religious meanings
- As a proper noun, the word Murid may refer to an adherent to the Muridiyya Sufi order based in Senegal.
- Murids are members of a caste of the Yazidi religion.
- A Mureed is the term for a follower of Universal Sufism.
- The official word for a follower of Nizari Ismailism, following the Aga Khan.
Role of the shaikh
Aside from God himself, the Shaikh plays the largest role in the murid’s journey. The Shaikh and the murid are expected spend every waking moment with each other, not leaving each other’s side under any circumstance. The murid should choose a shaikh who is perfect. While with the shaikh, the murid is expected to follow the shaikh's every command. For example, the murid could be asked by the Shaikh to beg—not to earn money—but rather to see what it is like to be a beggar (mystical dim). The murid and shaikh are so intimately linked that it has been said that they feel each other’s pain. The shaikh himself uses the technique of tawajjuh to become one with the murid.
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