- Carn Euny
Carn Euny is an archaeological site near
Sancreed, on the Penwithpeninsula in Cornwall, United Kingdomwith considerable evidence of both Iron Ageand post-Iron Age settlement. Excavations on this site have shown that there was activity at Carn Euny as early as the Neolithic period.
There is evidence that shows that the first timber huts in this site were built around 200 BC, but by the first century before Christ, these timber huts had been replaced by stone huts. The remains of these stone huts are still visible today.
Carn Euny is best known for the well-preserved state of the large
fogou, an underground passageway, which is more than 65 feet (20 metres) long. This fogou runs just below the surface of the ground and roofed with massive stone slabs. Although the exact purpose of these fogous are still a mystery, some possibilities include using it for storage, habitation, or ritual.
The site was abandoned late in the Roman period.
In 1999 there was some controversy regarding this site and others under the care of the
English Heritageorganisation. Members of a pressure group, the Revived Cornish Stannary Parliament, confiscated several signs bearing the English Heritage name. [ [http://www.cornishstannaryparliament.co.uk/heritage-signs.html Cornish Stannary Parliament tackles English cultural aggression in Cornwall.] ] [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/1768853.stm BBC News: Historic signs case trio bound over] ] [ [http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,3604,636016,00.html How three Cornish men and a raid on King Arthur's castle rocked English Heritage] ] Since this action several of the smaller less profitable sites such as Dupath Well, The Hurlers (stone circles), Tregiffian Burial Chamber, St Breock Downs Monolith, King Doniert's Stone, Trethevy Quoitand Carn Euny have been transferred to the care of the Cornwall Heritage Trust, run by a bardof the Gorseth Kernowand chairman of the Cornish Trust, General Sir Richard Trant. [ [http://www.cornwallheritagetrust.org/sites.php Sites Managed and Cared for by Cornwall Heritage Trust for English Heritage] ]
;Chapel Euny's Well:West of the settlement are a pair of ancient wells. One is mentioned in "The Legendary Lore of the Holy Wells of England" [cite book
last = Hope
first = Robert
title = The Legendary Lore of the Holy Wells of England including Rivers, Lakes, Fountains and Springs.
publisher = Elliot Stock
date = 1893
url = http://www.antipope.org/feorag/wells/hope/contents.html ] of
1893where Dr. Borlase [Dr. Borlase was the author of "The Natural History and Antiquities of Cornwall, and Observations of the Scilly Islands" and the vicar of St Just in Penwith. He died 31 August, 1772aged 77] states:
"I happened luckily to be at this well upon the last day of the year, on which, according to vulgar opinion, it exerts its principal and most salutary powers. Two women were here, who came from a neighbouring parish, and were busily employed in bathing a child. They both assured me that people who had a mind to receive any benefit from St. Euny's Well must come and wash upon the three first Wednesdays in May. Children suffering from mesenteric disease ["Mesenteric disease" is tuberculosis of lymph glands inside the abdomen. An illness of children caused by drinking milk from cows infected with tuberculosis. Now uncommon as milk is pasteurised] should be dipped three times in Chapel Uny widderschynnes, and widderschynnes dragged three times round the well."It is also referred to as St. Eurinus' or Uny's Well and may be confused with Saint Euny's Well at
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/1768853.stm BBC news - Historic signs case trio bound over]
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