List of Christian martyrs


List of Christian martyrs

Since its earliest decades, Christianity has glorified martyrdom.

Apostolic Age—1st century

*Saint Stephen, Protomartyr, was stoned c. 34 A.D.
*James the Great (Son of Zebedee) was beheaded in 44 A.D.
*Philip the Apostle was crucified in 54 A.D.
*Matthew the Evangelist killed with a halberd in 60 A.D.
*James the Just, beaten to death with a club after being crucified and stoned.
*Matthias was stoned and beheaded.
*Saint Andrew, St. Peter's brother, was crucified.
*Mark was beaten to death.
*Saint Peter, crucified upside-down.
*Apostle Paul, beheaded in Rome.
*Saint Jude was crucified.
*Saint Bartholomew flayed alive and crucified.
*Thomas the Apostle was killed with a spear.
*Luke the Evangelist was hanged.
*Simon the Zealot was crucified in 74 A.D.(Note: John the Evangelist according to legend was cooked in boiling hot oil but survived. He was the only one of the original twelve Apostles who was not martyred).

Age of Martyrdom—2nd to 4th centuries

*Saint Afra c.304 at Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany.
*Ignatius of Antioch in 107 A.D.
*Saint Januarius of Naples, Italy in 305 A.D.
*Justin Martyr of Palestine in 165 A.D.
*Origen of Alexandria, about 250 A.D.
*Perpetua and Felicity of Carthage in 202 A.D.
*Saint Philomena of Corfu, Greece (died in Rome) about 305 A.D.
*Polycarp of Smyrna, probably around 160 A.D.
*The Martyrs of Scili (in North Africa, about 180 A.D.) The [http://members.aol.com/txt34567/passio.htm "Passio Sanctorum Scilitanorum"] is regarded as the oldest Christian text in the Latin language.
*Forty Martyrs of Sebaste, died in what is now Armenia under the Roman Imperial persecutions of 320 A.D.
*Saint George, died in the Diocletianic Persecution in 303.

Middle Ages—5th to 15th centuries

*Valentine and Engratia, ca. 715, Hermit martyrs of Segovia
*Ludmila of Bohemia, 921
*King Edward the Martyr, 979
*Stanislaus of Szczepanów, 1079
*Thomas Becket, 1170
*John Huss (Jan Huss), 1415
*Jerome of Prague, 1416
*Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc), 1431

Reformation Era—16th century

*Diego Botello, Spanish missionary in the Caribbean, 1516
*Fernando Salzedo, Spanish missionary in the Caribbean, 1516
*Jan de Bakker, 1525
*Felix Manz, 1527
*Patrick Hamilton, 1528
*George Blaurock, 1529
*St Thomas More, 1535
*St John Fisher, 1535
*William Tyndale, 1535
*Carthusian Martyrs, 1535 - 1537
*St. Arthur of Glastonbury, 1539
*Margaret Pole, 1541
*Juan de la Cruz, Spanish missionary to New Mexico, 1542
*Luis de Escalona, Spanish missionary to New Mexico, 1542
*Juan de Padilla, Spanish missionary to New Mexico, 1542
*George Wishart, 1546
*Hugh Latimer, 1555
*Nicholas Ridley , 1555
*Rowland Taylor, 1555
*John Hooper, 1555
*John Rogers, 1555
*William Hunter, 1555
*Lawrence Saunders, 1555
*Thomas Cranmer, 1556
*Dirk Willems, 1569
*St Edmund Campion, 1581
*Margaret Ball, 1584
*The Forty Martyrs of England and Wales, various datesiya

Modern Era—17th to 21st centuries

*Martyrs of Japan
*Kakure Kirishitan
*Francis Taylor, 1621
*Vietnamese Martyrs 1625 - 1886
*Magdalene of Nagasaki 1634
*Lorenzo Ruiz, 1637
*Canadian Martyrs, North American Martyrs, 1642 - 1649
*Arthur Bell, 1643
*Isaac Jogues, 1646 (French Jesuit in New York killed by Indians)
*Francis Ferdinand de Capillas (Dominican missionary to China), 1648
*Diego Luis de San Vitores and Pedro Calungsod, 1672
*Feodosia Morozova (Old Believer), 1675
*Oliver Plunkett, 1681
*Felipe Songsong, 1685
*Constantin Brâncoveanu, 1714
*Lorenzo Carranco, Spanish missionary to Baja California, 1734
*Nicolás Tamarál, Spanish missionary to Baja California, 1734
*Vicente Liem de la Paz (Tonkinese Dominican), 1773
*Luís Jayme, Spanish missionary to Alta California, 1775
*Cosmas of Aetolia, 1779
*Francisco Garcés, Spanish missionary to Alta California, 1781
*Martyrs of Compiegne, 1794
*Andrés Quintana, Spanish missionary to Alta California, 1812
*Chinese Martyrs (various Christian denominations), 19th and 20th centuries
*Andrew Dung-Lac (Vietnamese Catholic), 1839
*Korean Martyrs 1839, 1846, 1866
*Peter Chanel (Catholic priest), 1841
*Andrew Kim Taegon, 1846
*Marcus Whitman, 1847
*Narcissa Whitman, 1847
* [http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=moa;idno=AGA4292 Martyrs of India] 1857
*Lucy Yi Zhenmei, one of the 19th century Chinese Catholic Martyrs, 1862
*Thomas Baker, 1867, English missionary killed and eaten, Fiji
*Martyrs of Uganda, 1885-1887
*Esther John 1929-1960, Found Killed in Chichawatni commemorated at Westminster Abbey.
*Maria Goretti (virgin martyr), 1902
*Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna, 1918
*Nun Barbara (Yakovleva), 1918
*Saints of the Cristero War 1926-1927
*Miguel Pro, 1927
*Toribio Romo González, 1928
*Manche Masemola, (1913-1928)
*José Sánchez del Río 1928
*Innocencio of Mary Immaculate 1934
*Bartolome Blanco Marquez‎, 1936
*Martyrs of the Spanish Civil War 1934, 1936-1939
*Maximilian Kolbe (Polish Franciscan, died at Auschwitz), 1941
*Edith Stein (Carmelite nun, died at Auschwitz), 1942
*Lucian Tapiedi (b. ca. 1921—1942)
*Franz Jägerstätter, 1943
*Dusty Miller (Martyr), 1945, a Methodist layman killed as a P.O.W. of the Japanese in Thailand during WWII.
*Dietrich Bonhoeffer, (February 4, 1906 – April 9, 1945) Lutheran Pastor and member of the German Resistance
*Theodore Romzha, 1947
*Zdenka Cecilia Schelingová, 1955
*Jim Elliot, 1956
*Wang Zhiming (1907 - December 29, 1973) Chinese pastor, publicly executed
*Janani Jakaliya Luwum (1922 – 17 February 1977), Archbishop of Uganda.
*Óscar Romero (August 15, 1917 – March 24, 1980), Archbishop of San Salvador
*Martyrs of Atlas, 1996
*Rachel Joy Scott, 1999, student killed at Columbine High School, after being asked if she believed in God.
*Graham Staines 1999, Australian missionary to Leprosy Hospital in India, with sons Philip, 10 and Timothy, 8.
*Rhoel Gallardo, CMF, 2001, Claretians priest and missionary in Basilan, Philippines.
*Declan O'Toole, March 2002, Catholic priest in Uganda
*Alan Castillo, March 34 1956
*Martin R. Burnham, June 2002, US missionary, and Ediborah Yap, Filipina Nurse, Philippines.
*Lance Gersbach 2003, Seventh-day Adventist missionary in the Solomon Islands, beheaded with a machete
*René de Haes SJ, May, 2005 Jesuit, Belgian Congo
*Saji Abraham Indian national in Guyana murdered for the sake of Christ in March 2006.
*Fr. Ragheed Ganni, subdeacons Basman Yousef Daud, Wahid Hanna Isho, and Gassan Isam Bidawed, 3 June 2007, in Mosul, Iraq.
* Bae Hyung-kyu (배형규), pastor and leader of South Korean volunteer group, Afghanistan, July 2007.
* Shim Sung-min (심성민), former information technology worker, Afghanistan, July 2007.
*Tiffany Johnson and Philip Crouse, December 2007, shot at missionary training centre, Colorado, US.
* Jesus Reynaldo Roda, January 2008, Roman Catholic Priest, Mindanao, Philippines


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