St. Elizabeth's flood (1404)


St. Elizabeth's flood (1404)

The St. Elizabeth's flood (Sint Elisabethsvloed) of 1404 occurred on or around November 19 1404, the namesake day of St. Elizabeth. The floods were especially catastrophic in Flanders, Zeeland and Holland. [cite web
title = Floods in Holland and "Deltawerken"
publisher = 2Travel2
author =
date =
url = http://holland.2travel2.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=85&Itemid=104
accessdate = 2006-01-29
] The area in Zeeland and Flanders had been flooded twenty-nine years earlier, on October 8, 1375. As a result of the floods, the "Zuudzee" was created. In this new area, new parishes and villages started to appear. The flood in 1404 destroyed the area again, just as it had done in 1375. Other areas previously untouched such as the small towns of IJzendijke and Hugevliet were engulfed and destroyed during the flood. [cite web
title = St. Elizabeth floods
publisher = Deltawerken
author =
date =
url = http://www.deltawerken.com/St.-Elizabeth-floods-(1404,-1421)/303.html
accessdate = 2006-01-29
] In the county of Flanders all the coast islands in the mouth of the Westerschelde were washed away. After this calamity John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy ("Jan zonder Vrees") gave the command to link all the dikes already existing into one large dike which ran from the north from the county to the south. This explains why the Belgian coast line is so straight. Since Jan zonder Vrees was also count of Flanders, this dike is still named Graaf Jansdijk.

ee also

*St. Elizabeth's flood (1421), a flood that occurred on the same day 17 years later.
*Floods in the Netherlands

References


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