Giovanni Battista Audiffredi


Giovanni Battista Audiffredi

Giovanni Battista Audiffredi (born at Saorgio, near Nice, in 1734; died at Rome, July, 1794) was an Italian Dominican scholar and scientist.

Life

He entered the Dominican Order, and soon attracted attention by his taste for books and his talent for the exact sciences. After being occupied in various houses as professor and bibliographer, he was at length transferred to the Dominican house of studies (S. Maria sopra Minerva), and was placed in charge (1765) of the Bibliotheca Casanatensis, founded in 1700 by Cardinal Girolamo Casanata.

Works

Audiffredi published a bibliographical work in four folio, volumes entitled "Catalogus bibliotheca Casanatensis librorum typis impressorum, 1761-1788". The work remains unfinished, not proceeding beyond the letter L, and contains a list of his own publications. Similar works were the "Catalogus historico-criticus Romanarum editionum saeculi XV" (Rome, 1785, quarto), and the more extensively planned "Catalogus historico-criticus editionum Italicarum saeculi XV" (ibid., 1794,), which was to give an account of books printed in twenty-six Italian cities. Audiffredi did not live to complete the work. The first part, extending to the letter G, contains a short biography of the author introduced by the publisher.

Audiffredi's position enabled him to become an expert antiquarian, and he found time to cultivate his mathematical talent and to devote himself to astronomy. He built a small observatory, and at intervals busied himself with observation. The eighteenth century was much occupied with the problem of solar parallax. In 1761 and 1769 the transit of Venus were observed, and Audiffredi contributed to the work in his publication, "Phaenomena coelestia observata—investigatio parallaxis solis. Exercitatio Dadei Ruffi" (anagram for Audiffredi). Alexandre Guy Pingré's subsequent discounting of Audifreddi's observations led to a scientific dispute. [ [http://journals.cambridge.org/download.php?file=%2FIAU%2FIAU2004_IAUC196%2FS1743921305001286a.pdf&code=986f237c2ae048dbbcc11dafcdd37ae9"The 1761 transit of Venus dispute between Audiffredi and Pingré" (PDF), Luisa Pigatto] ]

The predicted reappearance in the middle of the century of Halley's comet intensified scientific interest in cometic orbits. The epoch was favored with a number of brilliant objects of this kind, and that of 1769 distinguished itself by its great nucleus and by the tail which stretched over more than half the sky. Audiffredi took observations of the positions of the comet and published his results under the title, "Dimostrazione della stazione della cometa, 1769" (1770).

Notes


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Audiffredi — • Born at Saorgio, near Nice, in 1734; died at Rome, July, 1794 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Audiffredi     Audiffredi     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Аудифреди, Джиамбаттиста — Джиамбаттиста Аудифреди Giovanni Battista Audiffredi Дата рождения: 2 февраля 1714(1714 02 02) …   Википедия

  • Alexandre Guy Pingré — (September 11, 1711 May 1, 1796) was a French astronomer and naval geographer.He was born in Paris, France, and was educated atSenlis, where he became professor of theology in 1735. At an early age he had developed an interest in astronomy, and… …   Wikipedia


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