10 cm Nebelwerfer 35


10 cm Nebelwerfer 35

Infobox Weapon
name=10 cm Nebelwerfer 35


caption=
origin=Germany
type=mortar
is_ranged=
is_bladed=
is_explosive=
is_artillery=yes
is_vehicle=
is_UK=
service=1939-1945
used_by=flag|Nazi Germany
wars=World War II
designer=Rheinmetall
design_date=1934-1939
manufacturer=
production_date=1939-1941
number=
variants=
weight=105 kg (231.48 lbs)
length=
part_length=1.344 m (4.40 ft) L/13
width=
height=
crew=
cartridge=7.38 kg (16.27 lbs)
caliber=105 mm (4.13 in)
action=
rate=10-15 rpm
velocity=193 m/s (633 fps)
range=3,025 m (3,308 yds)
max_range=
feed=
sights=
breech=
recoil=
carriage=
elevation=45° to 90°
traverse=28°
blade_type=
hilt_type=
sheath_type=
head_type=
haft_type=
diameter=
filling=
filling_weight=
detonation=
yield=
armour=
primary_armament=
secondary_armament=
engine=
engine_power=
pw_ratio=
suspension=
vehicle_range=
speed=
The 10 cm Nebelwerfer 35 (10 cm NbW 35) was a heavy mortar used by Germany during the Second World War. Much like the American M2 4.2 inch mortar it was intended to deliver chemical munitions, such as gas and smoke shells. Unlike the American weapon it appears to have had an ordinary high-explosive shell from the beginning. It was of conventional design, and was virtually a scaled-up 8 cm GrW 34. It broke down into the standard three loads for transport.

It was initially deployed in (German: "Nebelwerfer" "smoke or fog-thrower") battalions belonging to the Chemical Corps of the Heer; exactly how the American initially fielded their own M2s in chemical mortar battalions. From 1940 they were replaced by the 10 cm Nebelwerfer 40 and the 15 cm Nebelwerfer 41 multiple rocket launcher.

Operational Use

Initially they were deployed in Nebelwerfer battalions numbered 1 to 9, plus the Nebel-Lehr Abteilung (Demonstration Battalion) and saw service in the Battle of France and Russia during Operation Barbarossa. A Gebirgs-Werfer-Abteilung (Mountain Mortar Battalion) 10 was formed in Finland in early 1942 by expanding Nebelwerfer-Batterie 222; which itself had been converted from 8. Batterie of Artillerie-Regiment 222 of 181. Infanterie-Division during the invasion of Norway. [ [http://sturmvogel.orbat.com/werfer.html Army Nebelwerfer Units ] ]

External Links

* [http://www.lonesentry.com/manuals/tme30/ch7sec3.html mortar page from TM-E 30-451 Handbook on German Military Forces on Lone Sentry]

References

* Gander, Terry and Chamberlain, Peter. "Weapons of the Third Reich: An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery and Special Weapons of the German Land Forces 1939-1945". New York: Doubleday, 1979 ISBN 0-385-15090-3


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