- Rothwell, West Yorkshire
infobox UK place
country = England
map_type= West Yorkshire
City of Leeds
region= Yorkshire and the Humber
constituency_westminster= Morley and Rothwell
postcode_district = LS26
Rothwell is a
market townin the south east of the City of Leeds metropolitan boroughin West Yorkshire, situated between Oulton to the east, Belle Isle to the west, Woodlesfordto the north east and Robin Hood to the south west. Swillington, Methleyand Kippax are located near Rothwell. Rothwell has a population of around 22,000 and has benefited from recent improvements in the transport infrastructure, most notably the nearby A1/M1 link road.
Rothwell stands on the River Dolphin (also known as Oulton Beck), and is mentioned in the
1086 Domesday Book("Rodewelle"). It has a long history and was once the site of a royal hunting lodge (at Rothwell Castle, off Wood Lane). The parish church (Church Street) is dedicated to Holy Trinity and is on the site of an Anglo Saxon predecessor. The current church was built in the medieval period. There is some debate as to whether or not the church benefits from Chancel Repair Liability.
The town was granted the rights of a
market townin the 15th century and a twice yearly fair. The tradition of a fair is maintained by the annual Carnival which is organised by the [http://www.ls26.org.uk/cms/local-organisations/rothwell-entertainments-committee/ Rothwell Entertainments Committee] . The Carnival takes place in early July in Springhead Park. Rothwell Temperance Bandis a Championship section brass band founded in Rothwell in 1881. Although they do not rehearse in Rothwell itself, they have strong connections with the town and hold many concerts for the local community.
Famous persons from Rothwell include the scientist
Joseph Priestley. His name is still associated with Rothwell, in the name of the local Joseph Priestley College.
Rothwell has a long history of
coal mining. It was a site of early mining, using a system known as Bell Pits. Coal mining has been carried out in the area for over 600 years, though coal production stopped on 9th December 1983. There were many local pits including the Fanny, the Rose, and Rothwell Water Haigh. In 1995, Leeds City Council and Leeds Groundwork formed a partnership which, together with local residents and community groups, transformed the former colliery into a 50 hectare country park.
Rothwell was constituted an
urban districtin the West Riding of Yorkshireunder the Local Government Act 1894. In 1937 it was expanded by taking in the Methleyurban district and HunsletRural District. [cite web | url=http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/relationships.jsp?u_id=10055131&c_id=10001043 | author=A vision of Britain through time | title=Relationships / Unit history of Rothwell | accessdate=2007-11-01]
It was incorporated into the
City of Leeds metropolitan borough, West Yorkshireby the Local Government Act 1972. Its inclusion in the Leeds district as opposed to the Wakefield metropolitan district was controversial: originally planned for the Leeds district, it was added to the Wakefield district at the request of residents, but then moved to the Leeds district by the House of Lords. [cite hansard|column_start=1603|column_end=1614|house=House of Lords|date=16 October 1972]
Rothwell has a vibrant town centre, including high street chains Boots,
Greggs, Morrisons, Subway, a Computer Centre and the largest Working Men's Club in the country. Since late 2007, the town centre has been undergoing significant redevelopment, which has already involved the erection of a large parade of shops at the rear of Jail Yard and Commercial Street, opened in February 2008, to replace the majority of those from the old precinct, which has been demolished. The new parade includes stores such as; Betfred, Co-Operative Travel and Jack Fultons Foods. Around half a dozen shops on Commercial Street have been fully redeveloped and will be occupied soon, most notably the former Coach and Horses pub, which will become shops and flats. The heart of the development will be a new Morrisons superstore, expected to be completed by early 2009, with its entrance where Ray's Discount previously stood. Housed inside Morrisons will be an indoor arcade, to be sited between Boots and the Hare and Hounds pub, which will be a first for the town.
Notable and former residents
*Mark Bell - musician of
LFOfame, worked with Björk.
John Blenkinsop- inventor of the rack railwaysystem (buried in the grounds of Holy Trinity Church).
Jason Golden- Wakefield Trinity rugby leagueplayer.
Martin Kelner- journalist, author, and radio presenter.
Lord Newbyof Rothwell - Liberal Democrat & member of the House of Lords.
Paul Loughran- actor who portrayed Emmerdalecharacter Butch Dingle.
Joseph Priestley- scientist.
Garry Schofield- rugby league player.
Alan Smith- Footballer - Currently playing for Newcastle United.
Jamie Thackray- Hull FCrugby player.
The Pigeon Detectives- Indie Rockband.
Jane Tomlinson CBE- charity fundraiser, who raised over £1.5m whilst suffering from terminal cancer.
*Ryan Hall -
Leeds Rhinos rugby leagueplayer.
Chris Moyles- Radio 1, resident since August 2008.
Enoch Showunmi- Leeds UnitedProfessional Footballer. Resided in Rothwell since September 2008.
Places of interest
*Rothwell Sports Centre
*Rothwell Working Men's Club
*Rothwell Labour Club
*The remains of Rothwell Castle
*Rothwell Holy Trinity Church
* [http://www.changingplaces.org.uk/index.asp?page=59 Rothwell Country Park]
* [http://www.ls26.org.uk/content/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=21&Itemid=33 Rothwell Community webpage]
* [http://www.ls26.org.uk/content LS26.org.uk - area website]
* [http://www.rothwelltoday.co.uk YEP Rothwell Today Community Website]
* [http://www.ls26.org.uk/forum The Rothwell Forum (Relocated to LS26 site)]
* [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/WRY/Rothwell/index.html The ancient parish of Rothwell] at
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
West Yorkshire — Geografie Status: Zeremonielle Grafschaft Region: Yorkshire and the Humber Fläche: 2.209 km² Demografie … Deutsch Wikipedia
West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service — Infobox UK Fire and Rescue name= West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service area= West Yorkshire start= 1974 population= 2,000,000 size= 800 miles² staff= 1,915 BM= Phil Toase stations= 48 HQ= Birkenshaw, Bradford FA= West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue… … Wikipedia
Morley, West Yorkshire — Coordinates: 53°44′57″N 1°36′08″W / 53.749166°N 1.602263°W / 53.749166; 1.602263 … Wikipedia
Carlton, West Yorkshire — infobox UK place country = England official name = Carlton latitude = 53.740000 longitude = 1.490200 static static image caption = Village sign showing rhubarb, with rhubarb plants in foreground population = 169 civil parish = Carlton… … Wikipedia
Oulton, West Yorkshire — For other places with the same name, see Oulton (disambiguation). St. John the Evangelist, Oulton Oulton is a village in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, West Yorkshire, England, between Leeds and Wakefi … Wikipedia
Middleton, West Yorkshire — infobox UK place country = England official name= Middleton map type= West Yorkshire latitude= 53.7428 longitude= 1.5526 population = metropolitan borough= City of Leeds metropolitan county= West Yorkshire region= Yorkshire and the Humber… … Wikipedia
Halifax, West Yorkshire — For other uses, see Halifax. Coordinates: 53°43′30″N 1°51′47″W / 53.725°N 1.863°W / 53.725; 1.863 … Wikipedia
Normanton, West Yorkshire — Coordinates: 53°41′49″N 1°24′58″W / 53.697°N 1.416°W / 53.697; 1.416 … Wikipedia
Collingham, West Yorkshire — Coordinates: 53°54′15″N 1°24′50″W / 53.904029°N 1.413945°W / 53.904029; 1.413945 … Wikipedia
Kippax, West Yorkshire — Kippax is a village and civil parish in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, West Yorkshire, England. It is situated in the east of the city, near to Garforth and Great Preston.The name Kippax indicates that the village was first established… … Wikipedia