Kharg Island


Kharg Island

Kharg Island (PerB|جزیره خارک) is a continental island in the Persian Gulf belonging to Iran. It is located 25 km (16 miles) off the coast of Iran and 483 km (300 miles) northwest of the Strait of Hormuz (coord|29|22|N|50|30|E|). Administered by the adjacent coastal Bushehr Province, Kharg Island provides a sea port for the export of oil and extends Iranian territorial sea claims into the Persian Gulf oil fields.

In 1753 the Dutch established both a trading post and a fort on the island. In 1766 the Dutch fort was plundered by the Persian army. [www.nationaalarchief.nl]

Once the world's largest offshore crude oil terminal and the principal sea terminal for Iranian oil, the Kharg Island facilities were put out of commission in the fall of 1986. Heavy bombing of the Kharg Island facilities from 1982 through 1986 by the air forces of the government of Iraq during the Iran–Iraq War all but destroyed most of the terminal facilities. Kharg Island was situated in the middle of the Darius Oilfield, also destroyed by the intensive bombing. Repair to all facilities has been very slow, even after the war ended in 1988.

Trivia

Kharg or Khark is a Persian word that refers to a date that is not ready to eat.

Achaemenid Inscription

On November 14th, 2007, a cuneiform inscription dating back to Achaemenid era was discovered in Kharg Island in Old Persian language.The inscription is carved on a coral rock in Old Persian semi-syllabic cuneiform signs. Despite the usually well-ordered regular system of Achaemenid inscriptions, this one is in an unusual order written in five lines [ [http://www.chnpress.com/news/?section=2&id=7401 Iranian Cultural Heritage News Agency] ] .

On May 31, 2008, the inscription was seriously damaged by unknown vandal(s).They destroyed it with a sharp object, such that about 70 percent of the inscription has been seriously damaged [ [http://www.payvand.com/news/08/may/1307.html Khark island's Achaemenid inscription seriously damaged] Payvand News - 06/01/08] .The nature of the damage indicates that it has been done deliberately .

References

External links

* [http://www.nasa.gov National Aeronautics and Space Administration]
* [http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/view_rec.php?id=16328 National Aeronautics and Space Administration]
* [http://www.chnpress.com/news/?section=2&id=6872 1700-Y-Old Palmyrene Rock Graves Discovered in Khark Island]
* [http://www.chnpress.com/news/?Section=2&id=6891 106 Sassanid Ossuary Tombs Discovered in Khark Island]
* [http://www.chnphoto.ir/gallery.php?gallery_uid=986&lang=fa Photos of the Inscription]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kharg Island — ▪ island, Iran Persian  Jazīreh ye Khārk,  Arabic  Jazīrat Khārg,         small Iranian island in the northern Persian Gulf, 34 miles (55 km) northwest of the port of Bushire (Būshehr). In the 15th century the Dutch established a factory (trading …   Universalium

  • Kharg Island — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lavan Island — (Iranian: Jazireh ye Lavan) is an Iranian island in the Persian Gulf. It has an area of 76 km². The island has one of the four major terminals for export of crude oil in Iran. The largest one is in Kharg Island …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese people in Iran — Total population 2,000 3,000 Regions with significant populations Tehran and other major cities Languages Chinese; Persian not widely spoken Religion Not known …   Wikipedia

  • List of crude oil products — In the international petroleum industry, crude oil products are traded on various oil bourses based on established chemical profiles, delivery locations, and financial terms. The chemical profiles, or crude oil assays, specify important… …   Wikipedia

  • Bushehr Province — استان بوشهر   Province   Locati …   Wikipedia

  • Hormozgān Province — Infobox Iran Province province name = Hormozgān ostan name = هرمزگان , fa. ostan Hormozgān loc capital = Bandar Abbas latd=27.1884 |longd=56.2768 area = 70,669 pop = 1,314,667 pop year = 2005 pop density = 18.6 sub provinces = 11 languages =… …   Wikipedia

  • Soviet support for Iran during the Iran–Iraq war — The Soviet Union did not provide extensive support to Iran during the Iran–Iraq War, not surprisingly given its massive assistance to Iraq, the mutual antagonism between Marxist Leninist ideology and the Islamist government of Iran, and Muslim… …   Wikipedia

  • Islamic Republic of Iran Navy — Iranian Navy نیروی دریایی جمهوری اسلامی ایران Seal of the Iranian navy Active 1923 Present Countr …   Wikipedia

  • National Iranian Petrochemical Company — The National Iranian Petrochemical Company (NIPC), a subsidiary to the Iranian Petroleum Ministry, is owned by the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran. It is responsible for the development and operation of the country s petrochemical… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.