- Pau de Bellviure
Pau de Bellviure was a Catalan poet of the fourteenth and/or fifteenth centuries. To the Catalan and Spanish writers of the
Renaissancehe was a model of courtly lovewho had attained "gran fama" (great fame). Pere Torroellalists him among the "doctors" of poetry. According to Ausiàs March, his love for his lady turned him mad and he broke his neck and died, a martyr to love.
"Pau de Bellviure" may be a surname, in which case his given name is unknown. In some manuscripts he is called Benviure, the name of a famous lineage. The castle of
Benviurewas later absorbed by Eramprunyà, an estate of the March family. In his " Prohemio a carta", the Marqués de Santillanabegins survey of the history of Catalan verse with Guilhem de Berguedanand "Pao de Benbibre". There is mention of a Paül, son of Pere de Benviure, secretary to John I of Aragon, who died in 1417 without descendents, but this is probably not the poet. According to Guerau de Maçanet, Pau was a member of the noble Rocabertíor Cabrerafamilies.
Only one complete poem, "Dompna gentil, vos m'enculpats a tort", survives despite Pau's subsequent fame. It is a discreet "
maldit" in which he attacks his lady for her infidelity. A fragment, "Per fembre fo Salamo enganat", of a lost poem by Pau is preserved in the "Conhort" of Francesc Ferrer. In this fragment Pau lists the names of famous men who were the victims of woman's lies: Solomon, David, Samson, Adam, Aristotle, Virgil, John the Baptist, and Hippocrates. In both his extent pieces, Pau comes across as misogynistic, but his light-hearted treatment of the subject and his use of irony assured his popularity. It is unknown whether he really died of love or it is a legend that merely arose from his reference to "la mort qui.m corre" (death that chases me) in "Dompna gentil".
*Cabré, Lluís (1998) [http://narpan.net/documents/lluiscabre1.pdf "Notas sobre la memoria de Santillana y los poetas de la Corona de Aragón".] "‘Cancionero’: Studies in Honour of Ian Macpherson", ed. Alan Deyermond, pp. 25–38. Londres: Queen Maryand Westfield College.
*Riquer i Morera, Martí de (1964). "Història de la Literatura Catalana", vol. 1. Barcelona: Edicions Ariel.
* [http://www.rialc.unina.it/inc-bellviure.htm Incipitario de Pau de Bellviure] , with links to edited original-language texts of all his works
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