Aradale Mental Hospital


Aradale Mental Hospital

Aradale Mental Hospital was an Australian psychiatric hospital, located in Ararat, Victoria, Australia. Originally known as Ararat Lunatic Asylum, Aradale and it's two sister asylums at Kew and Beechworth were commissioned to accommodate the growing number of 'lunatics' in the colony of Victoria. Construction began in 1860, and the guardhouses are listed as being built in 1866 though the list of patients extends as far back as the year before (1865). It was closed as an asylum in 1993 and in 2001 became a campus of the Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE (NMIT) administered Australian College of Wine.

Construction

It was built largely by subcontractors and not patients (or "clients" as they were called) as many erroneously believe. The outer brick fence was built by ex-pat British contractors and is evidenced in the style of bricklaying used. The asylum was built as a town within a town with its own market gardens, piggery and other stock kept on the grounds. At its height it had over 500 staff and as it stands today the complex is made up of 63 buildings ranging in age from the original wings built in 1860 to the modern forensic unit which was built in 1991 - only two years before the facility closed. Despite being closed as an asylum the facility continued to house female prisoners during the building/renovation of Dame Phyllis Frost Centre right up until its current management took over in 2001.

In 2001 the Victorian Government provided $7.4 million to NMIT to establish a campus of the Australian College of Wine on the site of the hospital. 30 hectares of vineyard and 10 hectares of olive grove were planted in 2002 and an olive processing facility and winery were later built on site. The College campus was established to provide in Victoria a world-class wine and hospitality training facility. [Lynne Kosky, " [http://www.budget.vic.gov.au/domino/web_notes/budgets/budget01.nsf/77a4bf9f4e5005c64a2567600023b4a3/3deff15ba382525b4a256a4d0018c349!OpenDocument State-of-the-Art Australian College of Wine] ", Budget statement from the Minister For Post Compulsory Education, Training & Employment, Victorian Government, May 15, 2001. Accessed September 3, 2008]

ee also

*J Ward
*Kew Asylum
*Beechworth Asylum
*List of Australian mental asylums

External links

* [http://www.path.unimelb.edu.au/~bernardk/victoria/virtual/aradale.html 3d image of Aradale Mental Hospital]

References

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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