- Salto del Guairá
official_name = Salto del Guairá
mapsize = 200px
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Department
subdivision_name1 = Canendiyú
leader_title = Intendente Municipal
leader_name = Carlos César Haitter Cabrera
established_title = Founded
March 3, 1959
population_as_of = 2008
population_total = 145841
timezone = -4 Gmt
latd=24 |latm=1 |lats=12 |latNS=S
longd=54|longm= 20|longs=24 |longEW=W
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 7800
area_code = (595) (46)
Salto del Guairá is a city in
Paraguay. It is the capital of the department of Canindeyú. The city is located about 200 km north of Ciudad del Este.
The name "Salto del Guaira", Guaira Falls in English, was because in this point there was a falls that was border with the twin city on Brazil, after the construction of Itaipu lake the falls was covered.
The Colony Salto del Guairá, was founded on
March 3of 1959, by a private companycalled “Colonizadora Salto del Guairá S.A” according to a note received by the firm’s directory, formed by Mr. José Luís Serrati, Mr. Ibrahin Abud and Mr. Carlos Ricardo Méndez Goncalvez. Before its foundation, the place was named reserve #10, and later, by Ministerial resolution on October 17thof 1972, the Church council was created. This depended of Hernandarias District, and, at that time it was integrated by three renowned neighbors: Col (SR.) Isabelino Pimienta Medina (+) as the president, Carmelo Peralta as the treasurer, and for the secretary position, Prof. Pedro Ramón Girett.
July 30of 1973, the Executive power passed law 390, creating the district of Salto del Guairá and also setting a third category Municipality, separating from the district of Hernandarias. That same year, with law #426 of Territory political division, on expense of the separation of the territories of Caaguazú and Alto Paranáthat loses all the north area of the Itambey river, with the district of Salto del Guairá.
The Municipal board requested to be elevated to first category on
May 29of 1974, based on the legal dispositions and for having the requirements demanded. In consequence by Decree Law 7131 dated July 2that year, it promoted to the First Class City of Salto del Guairá, becoming capital of Canindeyú Department.
Its establishment coincides with the period of advancing agricultural frontier eastward, the construction of the Itaipu dam and the extinction of the waterfalls in Saltos del Guairá
Geographic location of the district of Salto del Guairá
Salto del Guairá is in the Department of Canindeyú, the
easternof the country, its geographical location is latitude 24 º 04 'S and longitude 54 ° 20 W. This makes District boundaries to the north with the cities of Novo Mundo (MS) and Guaira (PR), Brazilas the latter taking the limit Parana Riverand east, separated from this country in the mountains Amambay and Mbarakayú and the Parana River, respectively. To the south the river divides the Itambey Department of Alto Parana and the mountains of San Joaquin Caaguazú. To the west, the RiversCuruguaty and Corrientes separate them from the Department of San Pedro.
Canindeyú department is a predominantly rural for approximately 8 of every 10 inhabitants live in the countryside.
It has a pleasant climate for his height (200m.snm) with around 1,483 mm. For rainfall, 21 °C average annual temperature, with between 0 °C
Julyand Augustas a minimum and 39 °C, the maximum. The rate of evaporation is 1,073.
Bodies of water
The areas occupied by the District have two major classes of surface drainage, the water catchment area of river Piratiy and river Carapa.
Population and Surface
The District of Salto del Guairá has a total population of 145841 inhabitants; density; 9.9 inhabitants/km2 and the surface is 14,667 km2.
Capital: Salto del Guairá
It is divided into nine districts: Salto del Guairá,
Itanará, Ypehú, Corpus Christi, Gen. Francisco Alvarez Caballero, Curuguaty, Ygatimi, La Paloma and Katueté.
The city of Salto del Guairá, as a pole of development in the north of the country has an interesting infrastructure, as it is endowed with public buildings, government, military establishments, public and private hospitals, places of sport and recreation, commercial premises, schools, colleges, universities and religious temples.
The department's principal activity is agriculture, especially the cultivation of
soyby its largest production volume. Next in importance crops maize sugarcane wheatand cotton.
The rugged topography, with broad valleys and flat and undulating terrain encourage farming department, which places it in third place on the production of cattle, at the national level. It also has a large stock of pigs and cattle on a smaller scale produce horses and goats.
Among the main branches of industrial activities developed, we can mention because of its importance as follows: manufacture of parts and pieces of carpentry for buildings and transportation activities, storage and warehousing and timber, bakery developing, manufacturing ceramic not refractory to use in the structural development of dairy products among others.
Canindeyú has a low educational level and a significant proportion of the population does not have any instructions.
Salto del Guairá has three schools and fourteen associated primary schools for basic education, six schools of secondary level, a Faculty of Law and Social Sciences and one of Economics, a subsidiary of the National University of
Ciudad del Este. It also has the U. T C. D and U. P. A. P
The health infrastructure, measured in terms of number of centers, health posts, hospitals and beds available, although it has been increasing, remains in deficit in relation with the population size. Currently, the department has 38 health facilities.
The city has the communications network TELECEL, Copaco, Personal and CTI with a central machine, through which subscribers can communicate directly with the capital, other cities in the country and the world.
The media and television network Canindeyú 95.5, 90.3 Radio Salto del Guairá, Radio Tricolor 103.9 Mbaracayu and cable TV. Besides the representatives of Ultima Hora, ABC Color and Semanario Regional Paranazâo River.
The Parana River and the Itaipu Lake, with its strong potential waterway, have a reduced impact, becoming international channels of communication with Brazilian surrounding populations, such as the Mundo Novo and Guaira, with which there is a rafts system connection. Its main lines of communication are the land, although still unpaved for the most part, as the route 10 "La Residenta", which crosses the department from east to west and arrives at Salto del Guairá, with a branch until
YpehúAnd one that goes to Corpus Christi and it also joins to the superhighway that links with the department of Alto Parana and other departments and major centers in the country.
Canindeyú has 1.056,2 km. of departmental roads and no paved neighborhoods. It also has airstrips for small-size airplanes.
= Sources =
* [http://world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gcis&lng=en&des=wg&geo=-179&srt=npan&col=abcdefghinoq&msz=1500&pt=c&va=x World Gazeteer: Paraguay] – World-Gazetteer.com
* Geografía del Paraguay - Editorial Hispana Paraguay S.R.L.- 1a. Edición 1999 - Asunción Paraguay
* Geografía Ilustrada del Paraguay - ISBN 99925-68-04-06 - Distribuidora Arami S.R.L.
* La Magia de nuestra tierra. Fundación en Alianza. Asunción. 2007.
* EVP - Wikipedia
* [http://www.evp.edu.py/index.php?title=Portada Enciclopedia Virtual Paraguaya - Portal]
* [http://www.meucat.com/maps/mapa_salto_del_guaira.html Satellite Map & appoints from Salto del Guairá]
* [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/PA/19/Salto_del_Guaira.html Coord. geográficas]
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