1794 in France

1794 in France

"See also:"
1793 in France,
other events of 1794,
1795 in France.


Events from the year 1794 in France.


*4 February - The French Republic abolishes slavery.
*26 February - Ventôse Decrees, proposed to confiscate the property of exiles and opponents of the Revolution, and redistribute it to the needy.
*3 March - Ventôse Decrees.
*5 April - Execution of Georges Danton.
*30 April - War of the Pyrenees: Battle of Boulou, French victory against Spain and Portugal.
*8 May - Antoine Lavoisier is executed by guillotine.
*18 May - Battle of Tourcoing, French victory over Austrian and British forces.
*22 May - Battle of Tournay, Coalition forces (Austrian, British, and Hanoverian troops) defeated the French.
*1 June - Glorious First of June, French naval battle with the British. Both sides claimed victory.
*10 June - Law of 22 Prairial enacted, also known as the "loi de la Grande Terreur".
*26 June - Battle of Fleurus, French victory against Austria.
*13 July - Battle of Platzberg, French defeat Prussian forces.
*13 July - Battle of the Vosges, French defeat Austrian, Prussian and Saxony forces.
*27 July - Thermidorian Reaction began against the excesses of the Reign of Terror. Robespierre and leaders of the Paris city government arrested.
*28 July - Robespierre, Saint-Just, Georges Couthon, and others, including members of the Paris Commune were guillotined.
*15 September - Battle of Boxtel.
*2 October - Battle of Aldenhoven, French defeat Austrian forces.
*17 November-20 November - War of the Pyrenees: Battle of San-Lorenzo de la Muga, French defeat Spanish forces.
*22 November - Siege of Luxembourg. French siege of Austrian forces began (ended in French victory in June 1795).


January to March

*10 January - Jean Philibert Damiron, philosopher (d.1862).
*13 January - Prosper Garnot, surgeon and naturalist (d.1838).
*17 January - Jacques Amand Eudes-Deslongchamps, naturalist and palaeontologist (d.1867).
*25 January - Garcin de Tassy, orientalist (d.1878).
*25 January - François-Vincent Raspail, chemist, physiologist and socialist (d.1878).
*9 February - Jacques-François Ancelot, dramatist (d.1854).
*5 March - Jacques Babinet, physicist, mathematician, and astronomer (d.1872).
*20 March - René-Primevère Lesson, surgeon and naturalist (d.1849).

April to June

*4 April - Sabin Berthelot, naturalist and ethnologist (d.1880).
*12 April - Germinal Pierre Dandelin, mathematician, soldier, and professor of engineering (d.1847).
*15 April - Jean Pierre Flourens, physiologist (d.1867).
*26 April - Jean-Pierre Falret, psychiatrist (d.1870).
*29 May - Antoine Bussy, chemist (d.1882).
*23 June - Louis Petitot, sculptor (d.1862).

July to December

*29 July - Auguste Regnaud de Saint-Jean d'Angély, Marshal of France (d.1870).
*9 August - Achille Valenciennes, zoologist (d.1865).
*29 August - Léon Cogniet, painter (d.1880).
*10 September - François Benoist, composer and organist (d.1878).
*September - Auguste Simon Paris, notary and entomologist (d.1869).
*22 October - Armand-Benjamin Caillau, Roman Catholic priest, a missionary and writer (d.1850).
*6 November - Aimable Pélissier, Marshal of France (d.1864).

Full date unknown

*Etienne Arnal, actor (d.1872).
*Pierre-Médard Diard, naturalist and explorer (d.1863).
*Louis Adolphe le Doulcet, comte de Pontécoulant, soldier and musicologist (d.1882).
*Jean Baptiste Douville, traveller and writer (d.1837).
*Frédéric Monod, [Protestant] pastor (d.1863).
*Pierre Adolphe Piorry, physician (d.1879).
*Jeanne Villepreux-Power, marine biologist (d.1871).
*Brutus de Villeroi, submarine engineer (d.1874).


January to March

*28 January - Henri de la Rochejaquelein, youngest general of the Royalist Vendéan insurrection (b.1722).
*24 March - Jacques Hébert, editor of radical newspaper "Le Père Duchesne", executed (b.1757).
*28 March - Marquis de Condorcet, philosopher, mathematician and political scientist (b.1743).

April to June

*5 April - Georges Danton, leading figure early in the French Revolution, executed (b.1759).
*5 April - Camille Desmoulins, journalist and leading figure in the French Revolution, executed (b.1760).
*5 April - Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles, Revolutionary politician, executed (b.1759).
*5 April - Fabre d'Églantine, actor, dramatist and Revolutionary politician, executed (b.1750).
*5 April - François Joseph Westermann, General and Revolutionary politician, executed (b.1751).
*13 April - Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, Revolutionary politician, executed (b.1763).
*13 April - Lucile Duplessis, wife of Camille Desmoulins, executed (b.1770).
*23 April - Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, statesman and Minister, executed (b.1721).
*8 May - Antoine Lavoisier, nobleman and chemist, executed (b.1743).
*17 June - Marguerite-Élie Guadet, Royalist politician, executed (b.1753).
*18 June - François Buzot, revolutionary politician (b.1760).
*27 June - Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, Marshal of France, executed (b.1715).
*27 June - Charles-Louis-Victor, prince de Broglie, soldier and politician, executed (b.1756).

July to December

*23 July - Alexandre, vicomte de Beauharnais, General and politician, executed (b.1760).
*25 July - André Chénier, poet, executed (b.1762).
*28 July - Maximilien Robespierre, Revolutionary leader, executed (b.1758).
*28 July - Augustin Robespierre, Revolutionary politician, executed (b.1763).
*28 July - Louis de Saint-Just, Revolutionary leader, executed (b.1767).
*28 July - François Hanriot, Revolutionary leader, executed (b.1761).
*25 September - Paul Rabaut, Huguenot pastor (b.1718).
*3 November - François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, Cardinal and statesman (b.1715).
*16 November - Jean-Baptiste Carrier, revolutionary politician, executed (b.1756).


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