Line 1 (Budapest Metro)

Line 1 (Budapest Metro)

Line 1 (Budapest Metro)
Line number Line 1 ("Yellow metro")
Line length 4.4 km
Track gauge 1435 mm
Electrification 550 V DC
Operating speed 60 km/h
Route map

Budapest M1 Metro map.png

Metro 1
Unknown BSicon "utKBFa"
Vörösmarty tér
Unknown BSicon "utHSTACC"
Deák Ferenc tér - M2, M3 tr.
Urban tunnel stop on track
Bajcsy-Zsilinszky út
Urban tunnel stop on track
Urban tunnel stop on track
Urban tunnel stop on track
Vörösmarty utca
Urban tunnel stop on track
Kodály körönd
Urban tunnel stop on track
Bajza utca
Urban tunnel stop on track
Hősök tere
Unknown BSicon "utHSTACC"
Széchenyi fürdő
Unknown BSicon "utKACCe"
Mexikói út

The Metro 1 (Officially: Millennium Underground Railway or M1) is the oldest line of the Budapest Metro system. Known in Budapest simply as "the underground" ("a földalatti"), it is the second oldest underground railway in the world (the first being the London Underground's Metropolitan Line), and the first on the European mainland. It was built from 1894 to 1896. In 2002, it was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[1]



This is one of the 3 metro lines in Budapest. The original purpose of the first metro line was to facilitate transport to Budapest City Park, although the capital always opposed any surface transport on Andrássy Avenue – this has since become one of the most elegant roads of Budapest, part of the World Heritage. The National Assembly accepted the metro plan in 1870 and the German firm Siemens & Halske AG was commissioned for the construction starting in 1894. It took 2000 workers using up-to-date machinery less than two years to complete it. This section was built entirely from the surface (with the cut-and-cover method). Completed by the deadline, it was inaugurated on May 2 1896, the year of the millennium (the thousandth anniversary of the arrival of the Magyars), by emperor Franz Joseph. One of these original cars is preserved at the Seashore Trolley Museum.

The train ran along Andrássy Avenue, from Vörösmarty Square (the centre) to City Park, in a northeast-southwest direction, but its terminus was the Zoo (this has since been replaced). It had eleven stations, nine underground and two overground. The length of the line was 3.7 km at that time; trains ran every two minutes. It was able to carry as many as 35,000 people a day (today 103,000 people travel on it on a workday).

Stations and connections

Station Connection Buildings/Monuments
Vörösmarty tér BKV villamos symbol.svg 2, 2A Vigadó, Café Gerbeaud, Ministry of Finance
Deák Ferenc tér BKV metro.svg M2, M3
BKV busz symbol.svg 9, 16, 105, 109
BKV villamos symbol.svg 47, 49
Town Hall, Metro Museum (Földalatti Vasút Múzeum)
Bajcsy-Zsilinszky út BKV busz symbol.svg 105 St. Stephen's Basilica
Opera BKV busz symbol.svg 105 Hungarian State Opera House
Oktogon BKV villamos symbol.svg 4, 6
BKV busz symbol.svg 105
Theaters (Operette, Mikroszkóp, Miklós Radnóti,...)
Vörösmarty utca BKV trolibusz symbol.svg 73, 76 House of Terror
Kodály körönd BKV busz symbol.svg 105
Bajza utca BKV busz symbol.svg 105
Hősök tere BKV busz symbol.svg 20E, 30, 30A, 105
BKV trolibusz symbol.svg 75, 79
Museum of Fine Arts, Műcsarnok (Hall of Exhibitions), Városliget (City Park), Hősök tere (Heroes square)
Széchényi fürdő BKV trolibusz symbol.svg 72 Széchenyi thermal bath, Zoo and Botanical Garden, Vidámpark (Fun Fair)
Mexikói út BKV villamos symbol.svg 3, 69
BKV trolibusz symbol.svg 74, 74A
BKV busz symbol.svg 25, 225, 32



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Line 2 (Budapest Metro) — The Metro 2 (Officially: M2) is the second line of Budapest Metro. It connects the western Déli pályaudvar, and the eastern Örs vezér tere. Daily ridership: 451,627.HistoryThe first plans for the present day two lines were made in 1942, and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Line 3 (Budapest Metro) — The Metro 3 (Officially: M3) is the longest line of Budapest Metro. It connects the northern Újpest, and the southern Kőbánya Kispest. Daily ridership: 626,179.HistoryThe first decree for the third line was made in 1963, its construction started… …   Wikipedia

  • Line 4 (Budapest Metro) — The Metro 4 (Officially: M4) is the fourth line of Budapest Metro. Currently it is under construction. It will connect the southwestern Kelenföldi pályaudvar, and the northeastern Bosnyák tér.History …   Wikipedia

  • Budapest Metro — Info Owner BKV (public ownership) Locale Budapest …   Wikipedia

  • Újpest-Központ (Budapest Metro) — Budapest Metro station name=Újpest Központ line=M3 opened=1990 type=Cut and cover underground terminus platforms=2 side platforms depth=8.27 m line info=Budapest Metro line|previous=Újpest Városkapu|line=M3|next=terminusÚjpest Központ ( Central… …   Wikipedia

  • Árpád híd (Budapest Metro) — Budapest Metro station name=Árpád híd line=M3 opened=1984 type=Cut and cover underground platforms=2 side platforms depth=4.82 m line info=Budapest Metro line|previous=Dózsa György út|line=M3|next=Forgách utcaÁrpád híd ( Árpád Bridge , after the… …   Wikipedia

  • Moszkva tér (Budapest Metro) — Budapest Metro station name=Moszkva tér line=M2 opened=1973 type=bored underground platforms=1 island platform depth=m to ft|38.4 line info=Budapest Metro line|previous=Déli pályaudvar|line=M2|next=Batthyány térMoszkva tér ( Moscow Square ) is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Kőbánya-Kispest (Budapest Metro) — Budapest Metro station name=Kőbánya Kispest line=M3 opened=1980 type=surface terminus platforms=1 island platform line info=Budapest Metro line|previous=none|line=M3|next=Határ útKőbánya Kispest (lit. Stonemine Little Pest) is the southern… …   Wikipedia

  • Lehel tér (Budapest Metro) — Budapest Metro station name=Lehel tér line=M3 opened=1981 type=Cut and cover underground platforms=1 island platform depth=9.3 m line info=Budapest Metro line|previous=Nyugati pályaudvar|line=M3|next=Dózsa György útLehel tér ( Lehel Square ) is a …   Wikipedia

  • Forgách utca (Budapest Metro) — Budapest Metro station name=Forgách utca line=M3 opened=1990 type=Cut and cover underground platforms=2 side platforms depth=m to ft|4.71 line info=Budapest Metro line|previous=Árpád híd|line=M3|next=Gyöngyösi utcaForgách utca ( Forgách Street )… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.