Woodwind growl


Woodwind growl

Woodwind growling is a musical technique used primarily in rock and blues style playing; it is popular in the woodwind family of instruments, especially the saxophone. It is commonly used by mainstream artists such as Ben Webster, Illinois Jacquet and Earl Bostic. [ [http://www.petethomas.co.uk/saxophone-growl.html Saxophone Tone & Effects - Growl ] ] Outside of these styles and instruments, it is often considered a novelty effect.

The growl gives the performer's sound a dark, guttural, gritty timbre resulting largely from the rustle noise and desirable interference and dissonance effects produced.

Method

The most common and effective method of woodwind growling is to hum, sing, or even scream into the mouthpiece of the instrument. [ [http://www.saxophone.us/sax/saxophone_growl.html Saxophone Growl effect, how to growl on Sax to get that dirty sax sound ] ] This method introduces interference within the instrument itself, breaking up the normal quality of sound waves produced. Furthermore, the vibration of the vocal note in the mouth and lips creates rustle noise in the instrument.

The vocally produced note can be the same note (though this is believed to be less effective), a natural third or perfect fifth, or indeed, any random note, usually from a different octave than the note the instrument is producing. The latter choice is believed to cause the most interference and yield the darkest, grittiest timbre.

Alternate methods

A woodwind growl can also be produced by allowing air to escape from around the corners of the mouth, causing a vibration in the lips and mouthpiece. Although this method does not set up patterns of interference, it does produce the characteristic rustle noise of the growl.

Alternately, it is possible to use multiphonic fingering to create a growl-like effects. The performer selects, essentially at random a bizarre or unusual fingering that causes the instrument to attempt to sound on multiple notes. This creates interference, but no beating or rustle noise.

Other methods include constricting the airway to create a "rasp".

Use in other instruments

A "growl" can be produced by instruments outside of the woodwind family such as the trumpet or the trombone.Bubber Miley is often referred to as "growl trumpeter". A "growl trombone" may be seen in a 1929 film "Black and Tan Fantasy" played by Joe "Tricky Sam" Nanton.

listen
filename = Trombone-multiphonics.ogg
title = Trombone Multiphonics
description = Growl trombone.|

ee also

*Wah-wah
*Ya-ya

Notes

External links

* [http://www.petethomas.co.uk/saxophone-growl.html Sample of saxophone growling]
* [http://www.saxophone.us/sax/saxophone_growl.html Introduction to growling]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saxophone technique — Saxophone embouchure is the position of the facial muscles and shaping of the lips to the mouthpiece when playing a saxophone.Manywho? believe it is relatively easy to become a competent saxophonist, especially when transferring from other… …   Wikipedia

  • Multiphonics — is an extended technique in instrumental music in which a monophonic instrument (one which generally produces only one note at a time) is made to produce several notes at once. Multiphonics in wind music are primarily a 20th century technique,… …   Wikipedia

  • flute — Synonyms and related words: English horn, Pandean pipe, aulos, bagpipe, bark, basset horn, basset oboe, bassoon, bawl, bellow, bezel, blare, blat, blow, blow a horn, blubber, bombard, boom, bray, breathe, bugle, buzz, cackle, canal, canalize,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • pipe — Synonyms and related words: English horn, Missouri meerschaum, Pandean pipe, adjutage, aerophone, anthem, aulos, bagpipe, ballad, bark, barrel, basset horn, basset oboe, bassoon, bawl, bay, beep, bell, bellow, blare, blast, blat, blow, blow a… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • whistle — Synonyms and related words: Angelus, Angelus bell, English horn, Klaxon, Mayday, Pandean pipe, SOS, air raid alarm, alarm, alarm bell, alarm clock, alarm signal, alarum, alert, all clear, anthem, assibilation, aulos, bagpipe, ballad, basset horn …   Moby Thesaurus

  • List of musical instruments — The following is a list of musical instruments, categorized by section. Please add to List of musical instruments by Hornbostel Sachs number also. See also List of instruments by nationality and There are 482 musical instruments listed. This… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.