Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix


Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
Harry Potter books
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix.jpg
Author J. K. Rowling
Illustrators Jason Cockcroft (UK)
Mary GrandPré (US)
Genre Fantasy
Publishers Bloomsbury (UK)
Arthur A. Levine/
Scholastic (US)
Raincoast (Canada)
Released 21 June 2003
Book no. Five
Sales 55 million
Story timeline 2 August 1995 – 17 June 1996
Chapters 38
Pages 766 (UK)
870 (US)
ISBN 0747551006
Preceded by Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
Followed by Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince

Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is the fifth in the Harry Potter series written by J. K. Rowling, and was published on 21 June 2003 by Bloomsbury in the United Kingdom, Scholastic in the United States, and Raincoast in Canada. Five million copies were sold in the first 24 hours after release.[1]

The novel features Harry Potter's struggles through his fifth year at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, including the surreptitious return of Harry's nemesis Lord Voldemort, O.W.L. exams, and an obstructive Ministry of Magic.

Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix has won several awards, including being named an American Library Association Best Book for Young Adults in 2003. The book has also been made into a film, which was released in 2007, and into several video games by Electronic Arts.

Contents

Synopsis

Plot

Harry Potter is spending another tedious summer with his dreadful Aunt Petunia and Uncle Vernon when a group of evil spirits called Dementors stage an unexpected attack on Harry and his cousin Dudley. After using magic to defend himself and getting himself expelled from Hogwarts, Harry is visited by a group of wizards and whisked off to number twelve, Grimmauld Place, London. Number twelve is the home of Harry's godfather, Sirius Black, and the headquarters of the Order of the Phoenix. The Order is a group of witches and wizards, led by Hogwarts headmaster Albus Dumbledore, dedicated to fighting the evil Lord Voldemort and his followers. The Order is forced to operate in secrecy, outside of the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Magic, which is headed by the dense and corrupt Cornelius Fudge. Fudge refuses to believe that Lord Voldemort has returned. Harry, who witnessed Voldemort's return the previous June and was tortured and nearly murdered by him, is suffering from undiagnosed Post Traumatic Stress Disorder[citation needed]. This causes him to not only have many nightmares about what happened to him, but also to get very angry with those he is close to, especially Ron and Hermione. Harry used magic to fight off the dementors, and since underage wizards are not permitted to use their wands outside of school, he must face a disciplinary hearing at the Ministry. With Dumbledore's help, Harry is cleared by the Wizengamot and permitted to return to Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry.

Reunited with his best friends, Ron and Hermione, Harry returns to Hogwarts and learns that Dolores Umbridge, an employee of Fudge, will be his new Defense Against the Dark Arts teacher. The Sorting Hat, which traditionally sorts all new students into one of four houses, cautions the students against becoming too internally divided. Meanwhile, the wizard newspaper, the Daily Prophet, continues printing untrue and unfair stories about Harry. Many of his classmates are whispering about him behind his back, but Harry ignores them and tries to concentrate on his studies, since all fifth-year students at Hogwarts are required to take rigorous standardised exams that are O.W.L.s, or Ordinary Wizarding Level examinations. However, Professor Umbridge and Harry soon clash, as she, like Fudge, refuses to believe that Voldemort has returned and punishes Harry by forcing him to write lines with a special pen that carves "I must not tell lies" into the back of his hand.

Umbridge refuses to teach her students how to perform defensive spells, and before long, Fudge appoints her High Inquisitor of Hogwarts, giving her the authority to inspect all faculty members and evaluate their skills. In desperation, Harry, Hermione, and Ron form their own Defense Against the Dark Arts group, also known as the D.A., or Dumbledore's Army. Twenty-five other students sign up, and they meet as often as possible to learn and practice Defense spells. Harry wishes desperately to contact his godfather Sirius to discuss the situation, but Umbridge is inspecting all owl posts and patrolling the fires that students can use to make contact with wizards residing outside of Hogwarts. Umbridge openly dislikes Harry, whom she considers a liar, and eventually bans him from the Gryffindor Quidditch team for "Muggle dueling" with Draco Malfoy. Ron's twin brothers, Fred and George, storm out of Hogwarts in protest, moving to London where they plan to open a joke shop in the wizarding town of Diagon Alley using the money Harry won last year in the Triwizard Tournament.

Harry continues to have upsetting dreams about walking down a corridor at the Department of Mysteries, deep inside the Ministry of Magic. At the end of the corridor, Harry goes through several doors and enters a room full of dusty glass spheres. Harry always wakes up before he finds out what the dream means or what the spheres signify. One night, Harry has a vision where he inhabits the body of a large snake, and attacks Ron's father. Harry wakes up horrified, and Professor McGonagall takes him to Dumbledore immediately. Dumbledore uses the portraits on the walls of his office to raise an alert, and Mr. Weasley is promptly rescued by two members of the Order. The Weasley family, accompanied by Harry and the Order, visit Arthur Weasley in St. Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries. Afterwards, Dumbledore demands that Harry take Occlumency lessons with Professor Snape, which should help Harry protect his mind against further invasions by Lord Voldemort.

Harry is unsuccessful at Occlumency because he has such difficulty clearing his mind of all thoughts, making it difficult for him to focus on closing his mind off to all outside influence. Meanwhile, his scar (from the attack in which Voldemort killed Harry's parents) burns horribly every time Voldemort experiences a powerful emotion. The D.A. continues to meet regularly, and Harry's peers show great improvement until they are caught by Umbridge. Dumbledore takes full responsibility for the group and resigns as Headmaster. Umbridge takes over his position. The students begin taking their O.W.L. exams, and Harry has another vision, this time about Sirius being held captive and tortured by Voldemort. Horrified, Harry becomes determined to save him. Hermione warns Harry that Voldemort may be deliberately trying to lure Harry to the Department of Mysteries, but Harry is too concerned about Sirius to take any chances.

Harry sneaks into Umbridge's office, and, using her fireplace, transports himself to Twelve Grimmauld Place to look for Sirius. Kreacher, the House of Black's house elf, tells Harry that Sirius is at the Ministry of Magic. Harry returns to Hogwarts when he is pulled back through the fire by Umbridge to find that he and his friends have been caught in Umbridge's office. Ron, Luna, Ginny, and Neville have all been seized by Slytherins and gagged. Umbridge decides to use the Cruciatus curse on Harry, but Hermione then tells her Harry was trying to contact Dumbledore. Hermione and Harry convince Umbridge to follow them into the forest, where they claim to be hiding a weapon for Dumbledore which they had just finished and wanted to tell him about. Once in the forest, centaurs carry Umbridge away. Harry and his friends climb aboard flying horses called thestrals and speed off to the Ministry. Once they arrive, Harry cannot find Sirius and realises that Hermione was right. Harry also sees that one of the glass spheres has his name on it, as well as Voldemort's. Harry grabs the sphere, and Death Eaters led by Lucius Malfoy surround to attack, demanding that Harry hand over the prophecy. Employing all of their Defence skills, Harry, Ron, Hermione, Ginny, Luna, and Neville have moderate success fighting the Death Eaters, but they are ultimately helped enormously by the arrival of several members of the Order, including Dumbledore. In the midst of the fight, Harry drops the glass sphere and it shatters. Sirius is killed by his own cousin, Bellatrix Lestrange, when she blasts him through the veil.

Harry tries to avenge his godfather and follows Bellatrix, but is met by Voldermort at the fountain. Dumbledore appears shortly after Voldemort and the two engage in an intense duel. Voldemort fights Dumbledore to stalemate, then possesses Harry in an attempt to get Dumbledore to sacrifice Harry in the hope of killing him. Voldemort and Lestrange escape, just as Fudge appears at the Ministry, finally faced with incontrovertible evidence that the Dark Lord has returned. Dumbledore sends Harry back to school, where, after Harry has a breakdown, screaming that "he's had enough" of all the pain and anguish and death and destruction, he explains that the sphere was a prophecy which stated that Harry has a power that Voldemort will never know: the power of love, given to him by his mother's sacrifice fifteen years earlier. The prophecy goes on to claim that neither Harry nor Voldemort can live while the other survives. Dumbledore takes this opportunity to tell Harry why he must spend his summers with the Dursleys in Little Whinging: because Harry's mother died to save him, he is blessed with her love, a blessing that can be sealed only by blood. Harry's Aunt Petunia, his mother's sister, makes that bond complete by taking Harry into her home. As long as he still calls Little Whinging home, Harry is safe. The Order members strongly advise the Dursleys to treat Harry with the respect he deserves, and he returns home with them to face another miserable summer.

Publication and release

Potter fans waited three years between the releases of the fourth and fifth books.[2][3] Before the release of the fifth book, 200 million copies of the first four books had already been sold and translated into 55 languages in 200 countries.[4] As the series was already a global phenomenon, the book forged new pre-order records, with thousands of people queuing outside book stores on 20 June 2003 to secure their copy at midnight.[4] Despite the security, thousands of copies were stolen from an Earlestown, Merseyside warehouse on 15 June 2003.[5]

Critical response

Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix was met with generally positive reviews, and received several awards. The book was cited as an American Library Association Best Book for Young Adults and as an American Library Association Notable Book, both in 2004.[6][7] It also received the Oppenheim Toy Portfolio 2004 Gold Medal along with several other awards.[8]

The novel was also received generally well by critics. Rowling was praised for her imagination by USA Today writer Deirdre Donahue.[9] Most of the negative reviewers were concerned with the violence contained in the novel and with morality issues occurring throughout the book.[10] There has also been a strong religious response to the publishing of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix.

The New York Times writer John Leonard praised the novel, saying "The Order of the Phoenix starts slow, gathers speed and then skateboards, with somersaults, to its furious conclusion....As Harry gets older, Rowling gets better."[11] However, he also criticises "the one-note Draco Malfoy" and the predictable Lord Voldemort.[11] Another review by Julie Smithouser, of the Christian-right group Focus on the Family, said the book was, "Likely to be considered the weakest book in the series, Phoenix does feel less oppressive than the two most previous novels."[10] Smithouser's main criticism was that the book was not moral. Harry lies to authority to escape punishment, and that, at times, the violence is too "gruesome and graphic."[10]

Several Christian groups have expressed concerns that the book, and the rest of the Harry Potter series, contain references to witchcraft or occultism. Several religious groups also expressed their support for the series. Christianity Today published an editorial in favour of the books in January 2000, calling the series a "Book of Virtues" and averring that although "modern witchcraft is indeed an ensnaring, seductive false religion that we must protect our children from", this does not represent the Potter books, which have "wonderful examples of compassion, loyalty, courage, friendship, and even self-sacrifice".[12]

Prequels and sequels

Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is the fifth book in the Harry Potter series.[2] The first book in the series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone was first published by Bloomsbury in 1997 with an initial print-run of 500 copies in hardback, three hundred of which were distributed to libraries. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is also the longest book from the series, yet the second shortest film with clocking in as 2 hours and 18 minutes.[13] By the end of 1997 , the UK edition won a National Book Award and a gold medal in the 9 to 11 year-olds category of the Nestlé Smarties Book Prize.[14] The second book, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, was originally published in the UK on 2 July 1998 and in the US on 2 June 1999.[15][16] Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban was published a year later in the UK on 8 July 1999 and in the US on 8 September 1999.[15][16] Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire was published on 8 July 2000  simultaneously by Bloomsbury and Scholastic.[17]

After the publishing of Order of the Phoenix, the sixth book of the series, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, was published on 16 July 2005, and sold 9 million copies in the first 24 hours of its worldwide release.[1][18] The seventh and final novel, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was published 21 July 2007.[19] The book sold 11 million copies within 24 hours of its release: 2.7 million copies in the UK and 8.3 million in the US.[18]

Adaptations

Film

In 2007, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix was released in a film version directed by David Yates and written by Michael Goldenberg. The film was produced by David Heyman's company, Heyday Films, alongside David Barron. The budget was reportedly between £75 and 100 million (US$150–200 million),[20][21] and it became the unadjusted eleventh-highest grossing film of all time, and a critical and commercial success.[22] The film opened to a worldwide 5-day opening of $333 million, third all-time, and grossed $938.377.000 million total, the second to Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End for the greatest total of 2007.[23][24]

Video games

A video game adaptation of the book and film versions of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix was made for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, PSP, Nintendo DS, Wii, Game Boy Advance and Mac OS X.[25] It was released on 25 June 2007 in the U.S., 28 June 2007 in Australia and 29 June 2007 in the UK and Europe for PlayStation 3, PSP, PlayStation 2, Windows and the 3 July 2007 for most other platforms.[26] The games were published by Electronic Arts.[27]

Religious response

Religious controversy surrounding Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix and the other books in the Harry Potter series mainly deal with the claims that novel contains occult or Satanic subtexts. Religious response to the series has not been exclusively negative. "At least as much as they've been attacked from a theological point of view", notes Rowling, "[the books] have been lauded and taken into pulpit, and most interesting and satisfying for me, it's been by several different faiths".[28]

Opposition to the series

In the United States, calls for the book to be banned from schools have led occasionally to widely publicised legal challenges, usually on the grounds that witchcraft is a government-recognised religion and that to allow the novels to be held in public schools violates the separation of church and state.[2][29][30] The series was at the top of the American Library Association's "most challenged books" list for 1999–2001.[14]

Religious opposition to the series has also occurred in other nations. The Orthodox churches of Greece and Bulgaria have campaigned against the series.[31][32] The books have been banned from private schools in the United Arab Emirates and criticised in the Iranian state-run press.[33][34]

Roman Catholic opinion over the series is divided. In 2003 Catholic World Report criticised Harry's disrespect for rules and authority, and regarded the series' mixing of the magical and mundane worlds as "a fundamental rejection of the divine order in creation."[35] In 2005, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, who became Pope later that year but was at the time Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, described the series as "subtle seductions, which act unnoticed and by this deeply distort Christianity in the soul before it can grow properly,"[36] and gave permission for publication of the letter that expressed this opinion.[37] However, a spokesman for the Archbishop of Westminster said that Cardinal Ratzinger's words were not binding as they were not an official pronouncement of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.[36]

Positive response

Some religious responses have been positive. Emily Griesinger wrote that fantasy literature helps children to survive reality for long enough to learn how to deal with it, described Harry's first passage through to Platform 9¾ as an application of faith and hope, and his encounter with the Sorting Hat as the first of many in which Harry is shaped by the choices he makes. She noted that the self-sacrifice of Harry's mother, which protected the boy in the first book and throughout the series, was the most powerful of the "deeper magics" that transcend the magical "technology" of the wizards, and one which the power-hungry Voldemort fails to understand.[38]

There is some positive Roman Catholic opinion on the books. In 2003, Monsignor Peter Fleetwood, a member of a Church working party on New Age phenomena, said that the Harry Potter stories "are not bad or a banner for anti-Christian theology. They help children understand the difference between good and evil," that Rowling's approach was Christian, and that the stories illustrated the need to make sacrifices to defeat evil.[36][39]

Translations

The first official foreign translation of the book appeared in Vietnamese on 21 July 2003, when the first of twenty-two installments was released. The first official European translation appeared in Serbia and Montenegro in Serbian, by the official publisher Narodna Knjiga, in early September 2003. Other translations appeared later (e.g. in November 2003 in Dutch and German). The English language version has topped the bestseller list in France, while in Germany and the Netherlands an unofficial distributed translation process has been started on the Internet.[40]

References

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  2. ^ a b c Ross, Shmuel; Mark Zurlo (2000-2009). "Harry Potter Timeline: 2000 to the Present". Pearson Education, publishing as Infoplease. http://www.infoplease.com/entertainment/books/harry-potter-timeline.html. Retrieved 11 July 2009. 
  3. ^ "Harry Potter Books". MuggleNet.com. 1999–2009. http://www.mugglenet.com/books/index.shtml. Retrieved 29 May 2009. 
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  6. ^ "Best Books for Young Adults Annotated List 2004". American Library Association. 2004. http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/yalsa/booklistsawards/bestbooksya/annotations/2004bestbooks.cfm. Retrieved 30 May 2009. 
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  8. ^ Levine, Arthur (2001–2005). "Awards". Arthur A. Levine Books. http://www.arthuralevinebooks.com/awards.asp. Retrieved 30 May 2009. 
  9. ^ Donahue, Deirdre (25 June 2003). "Rich characters, magical prose elevate 'Phoenix'". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/books/reviews/2003-06-20-potter_x.htm. Retrieved 31 May 2009. 
  10. ^ a b c Smithouser, Julie (2009). "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix". Focus on the Family. Archived from the original on 8 May 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060508170939/http://www.pluggedinonline.com/articles/a0001780.cfm. Retrieved 31 May 2009. 
  11. ^ a b Leonard, John (13 July 2003). "Nobody Expects the Inquisition". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2003/07/13/books/nobody-expects-the-inquisition.html. Retrieved 31 May 2009. 
  12. ^ Editorial (10 January 2000). "Why We Like Harry Potter". Christianity Today.
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  18. ^ a b "Harry Potter finale sales hit 11 m". BBC News. 23 July 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/6912529.stm. Retrieved 21 August 2008. 
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  20. ^ Cornwell, Tim (24 January 2007). "Oscars signal boom (except for Scots)". The Scotsman (UK). http://news.scotsman.com/filmandtvawards/Oscars-signal-boom-except-for.3340535.jp. Retrieved 24 January 2007. 
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  27. ^ "Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince: The Video Game". Electronic Arts Inc.. 2009. http://harrypotter.ea.com/. Retrieved 30 May 2009. 
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  29. ^ "Georgia mom seeks Harry Potter ban". Associated Press. MSNBC. 4 October 2006. http://msnbc.msn.com/id/15127464/. 
  30. ^ Laura Mallory (2007). "Harry Potter Appeal Update". HisVoiceToday.org. http://www.hisvoicetoday.org/hpappeal.htm. Retrieved 16 May 2007. 
  31. ^ Clive Leviev-Sawyer (2004). "Bulgarian church warns against the spell of Harry Potter". Ecumenica News International. http://www.eni.ch/articles/display.shtml?04-0394. Retrieved 15 June 2007. 
  32. ^ "Church: Harry Potter film a font of evil". Kathimerini. 2003. http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_politics_100021_14/01/2003_25190. Retrieved 15  June 2007. 
  33. ^ "Emirates ban Potter book". BBC News. 12 February 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/1816012.stm. Retrieved 10 July 2007. 
  34. ^ "Iranian Daily: Harry Potter, Billion-Dollar Zionist Project". The Mimri blog. http://www.thememriblog.org/blog_personal/en/2269.htm. Retrieved 10 September 2007. 
  35. ^ O'Brien, M. (21 April 2003). "Harry Potter — Paganization of Children". Catholic World Report. http://www.leannepayne.com/harrypotter/HarryPotter-PaganizationOfChildren.pdf. Retrieved 15  May 2009. 
  36. ^ a b c Malvern, J. (14 July 2005). "Harry Potter and the Vatican enforcer". The Times (UK). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article543766.ece. Retrieved 15 May 2009. 
  37. ^ "Pope Opposes Harry Potter Novels — Signed Letters from Cardinal Ratzinger Now Online". LifeSite News. 13 July 2005. http://www.lifesite.net/ldn/2005/jul/05071301.html. Retrieved 13 March 2007. 
  38. ^ Griesinger, E. (2002). "Harry Potter and the "deeper magic": narrating hope in children's literature". Christianity and Literature 51 (3): 455–480. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb049/is_3_51/ai_n28919307/. Retrieved 15 May 2009. 
  39. ^ Fields, J.W. (2007). "Harry Potter, Benjamin Bloom, and the Sociological Imagination". International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education 19 (2). http://www.isetl.org/ijtlhe/pdf/IJTLHE160.pdf. Retrieved 15 May 2009. 
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