- Paddy Devlin
Paddy Devlin (
March 8 1925- August 15 1999) was a Northern Irish social democratand Labour activist, a former Stormont MP, a founder of the Social Democratic and Labour Partyand a member of the 1974 Power Sharing Executive.
Devlin was born in the
Pound Loneyin the Lower Falls in West Belfaston 8 March 1925and lived in the city for almost all his life.
Devlin's mother was a leading activist in
Joe Devlin's (no relation) Nationalist Party machine in the Falls area and Devlin grew up in a highly political household. However his early activism was confined to Fianna Éireannand then the IRA and as a result he was interned in Crumlin Road Gaolduring the Second World War. On his release he left the republican movement.
After the war, and in search of work, he spent some time in
Portsmouthworking as a scaffolder and in Coventryworking in the car industry. In Coventry he became interested in Labour and trade union politics and briefly joined the British Labour Party.
Belfastin 1948 he helped establish the Irish Labour Party there after the Northern Ireland Labour Party(NILP) split on the issue of partition and later he beat Gerry Fittto win a seat on the city council. Later Catholic Actionclaimed the Irish Labour Party was infested with Communistsand ensured the party were effectively wiped out and Devlin lost his seat.
In the mid 1960s Devlin joined the revived NILP and beat
Harry Diamondfor the Falls seat in Stormont. Devlin then went on, with Fitt, John Hume, Austin Currieand others to found the SDLP in 1970. He was later involved, at the request of William Whitelaw, the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, in ensuring safe passage for Gerry Adamsfor talks with the British governmentin 1973. He was a member of the Northern Ireland Assembly, 1973and Minister of Health and Social Services in the power-sharing Executive from 1 January 1974to 28 May1974.
Devlin, like Fitt, was a Labour man first and foremost and deeply distrusted John Hume and others in the SDLP who he regarded as nationalists and not
social democrats. Hume and others saw him as too forgiving of police, but, contrary to expectations, not the British Army, as Devlin supported a motion tabled at the SDLP's annual conference in 1976 for British withdrawal. The motion, also supported by Ivan Cooper, Seamus Mallon, and Paddy Duffy, but opposed by Party leader Gerry Fitt, John Humeand Austin Currie, was defeated by 153 votes to 111. ['Sinn Fein and the SDLP: From Alienation To Paticipation', (O'Brien Press, Dublin, 1995), pp.56-7. by Gerard Murray and Jonathan Tonge ]
Devlin saw the SDLP as a body to unite Catholic and
Protestantworkers and so transcend the traditional sectariandivisions of the north of Ireland through socialistpolitics. Others saw him as pig headed and arrogant. In his autobiography"Straight Left" he accused Hume of seeking to make the SDLP just another nationalist party and while not regretting his expulsion (following a public attack on the party's direction) from the SDLP in 1977 called the dispute that led him to leave "a most unworthy squabble" and admits "I was not the innocent party". "No one's talking to (Protestants) about the price of a loaf of bread or how much it takes to pay the rent," he said in a 1995 interview. "No one has had any regard for the majority of people here, the Protestants. ... We've scarcely recognized them."
Subsequently he established the United Labour Party, which aimed to be a broad based Labour formation in Northern Ireland. He stood under its label for the
European Parliamentin 1979 but polled just 6,122 first preferences (1.1% of those cast) and thereby lost his deposit.
In 1987 he, together with remnants of the NILP and others, established
Labour '87as another attempt at building a Labour Party in the North by uniting the disparate groups supporting labour and socialist policies but it too met with little or no success. In 1985 he had lost his place on Belfast City council.
Outside of party politics, Devlin spent his later years as Belfast organiser of the
Irish Transport and General Workers' Unionand wrote an acclaimed study (his MSc. thesis) of the 1935 Outdoor Relief Riotsin Belfast, published as "Yes We Have No Bananas" in 1985.
Devlin suffered from severe
diabetesand throughout the 1990s suffered a series of ailments as his health and sight collapsed.
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/421204.stm BBC Obituary]
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