Boaz


Boaz

Boaz ( ['bəʊæz] ; Heb. בועז) is a major figure in The Book of Ruth in the Bible.

Boaz in the Bible

He was a rich landowner who noticed Ruth the widowed Moabite daughter-in-law of Naomi, a relative of his, gleaning grain from his fields. He soon learns of the difficult circumstances her family is in and Ruth's loyalty to Naomi. In response, Boaz invites to her to eat with him and his workers regularly as well as deliberately leaving grain for her to claim while keeping a protective eye on her.

Eventually, Boaz and Ruth strike up a friendship which leads to Ruth asking him to marry her. Boaz accepts, but cautions that there is a family member who has a superior right to her hand in marriage. However, he arranges a meeting with the relative and in the presence of ten town leader convinces him to buy Naomi's husband's land. Once the relative agrees to redeem the land, Boaz informs him they in redeeming the land also requires him to take Ruth as his wife as was customary under the laws of Israel. This was so Ruth could have children who could carry on her late husband's family name and keep the land in the family. At hearing this stipulation the relative refused to buy the land for fear it would complicate his own inheritance (estate). At that point, he transferred his right to buy the land to Boaz. He did this by removing his sandal and handing it to Boaz. This was a customary symbol in Israel during this for anyone transferring the right to purchase. This was considered a public validation of the transaction. In this, the path was made clear for Boaz and Ruth to be joined in marriage. (Ruth 4:1-10)

Although Boaz is noted to be much older than Ruth in the Biblical account and he marries her for Naomi's sake, most dramatic adaptations have Boaz as a handsome young man so as to enhance the romantic nature of the story.Fact|date=June 2007

Their son was Obed, father of Jesse, and grandfather of David.

Boaz in the Rabbinic Jewish tradition

In the Talmud, some rabbis identify Boaz with the Judge Ibzan of Bethlehem ("Judges" xii.8). A legend is given that he lost all his sixty children during his lifetime because he did not invite Manoah, Samson's father, to any of the marriage festivities in his house. For, since Manoah was at that time without children, Boaz thought that he need not consider on such occasions a childless man who could not pay him back in kind (B. B. 91a).

According to the Talmud, Boaz was a just, pious, and learned judge. The custom of using God's name in greeting one's fellow-man ("Ruth" ii. 4) received the approval of even the heavenly court (Babylonian Talmud Mak. 23b; Yerushalmi Talmud Ber. ix. 14c; Midrash Ruth Rabbah to ii. 4).

The midrash "Ruth Rabbah" states that being a pious man, Boaz on his first meeting with Ruth perceived her conscientiousness in picking up the grain, as she strictly observed the rules prescribed by the Law. This, as well as her grace and her chaste conduct during work, induced Boaz to inquire about the stranger, although he was not in the habit of inquiring after women (Midrash Ruth Rabbah to ii. 5; Shab. 113b).

Boaz was especially friendly toward the poor stranger during the meal, when he indicated to her by various symbolic courtesies that she would become the ancestress of the Davidic royal house, including the Messiah (Ruth R. to ii. 14; Shab. 113b). As toward Ruth, Boaz had also been kind toward his kinsmen, Naomi's sons, on hearing of their death, taking care that they had an honorable burial (Ruth R. to ii. 20).

In the conversation that followed between Boaz and Ruth, the pious proselyte said that, being a Moabite, she was excluded from association with the community of God (Deut. xxiii. 4). Boaz, however, replied that the prohibition in Scripture applied only to the men of Moab, and not to the women. He furthermore told her that he had heard from the Prophets that she was destined to become the ancestress of kings and prophets; and he blessed her with the words: "May God, who rewards the pious, also reward you" (Targ. Ruth ii. 10, 11).

for more information see Boaz in Rabbinic Literature

Genealogy of Boaz

ee also

Boaz in Rabbinic Literature


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Boaz — steht für: Boaz (Vorname), männlicher Vorname hebräischer Herkunft Boaz ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Boaz (Alabama) Boaz (Illinois) Boaz (Kentucky) Boaz (Missouri) Boaz (New Mexico) Boaz (Virginia) Boaz (West Virginia)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BOAZ — (Heb. בֹּעַז), the son of Salmah, great grandfather of King David. Boaz was descended from Nahshon, the son of Amminadab (Ruth 4:20–22; I Chron. 2:10–15), prince of the tribe of Judah in the generation of the wilderness (Num. 1:7). He lived in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Boaz — Boaz, AL U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 7411 Housing Units (2000): 3468 Land area (2000): 12.195238 sq. miles (31.585519 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.055415 sq. miles (0.143525 sq. km) Total area (2000): 12.250653 sq. miles (31.729044 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Boaz, AL — U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 7411 Housing Units (2000): 3468 Land area (2000): 12.195238 sq. miles (31.585519 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.055415 sq. miles (0.143525 sq. km) Total area (2000): 12.250653 sq. miles (31.729044 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Boaz, WI — U.S. village in Wisconsin Population (2000): 137 Housing Units (2000): 67 Land area (2000): 0.357484 sq. miles (0.925880 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.357484 sq. miles (0.925880 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Boaz, WV — U.S. Census Designated Place in West Virginia Population (2000): 1345 Housing Units (2000): 554 Land area (2000): 3.710809 sq. miles (9.610951 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.816564 sq. miles (2.114891 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.527373 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Boaz — [bō′az΄] n. [Heb boaz, lit., swiftness] Bible Ruth s second husband: Ruth 4:13 …   English World dictionary

  • Boaz — m Biblical: Hebrew name of uncertain origin, perhaps meaning ‘swiftness’. In the Bible it is borne by a distant kinsman of Ruth who treats her generously and eventually marries her. The given name was in occasional use in England in the 17th and… …   First names dictionary

  • Boaz — Un tableau de Rembrandt représentant Boas et Ruth. Boaz, de l hébreu בועז bô az « en lui (est) la force », est un personnage du Livre de Ruth. Historique Riche propriétaire terrien de Bethléem, il est fils de Salmôn et Rahab …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Boaz — (fl. 12th cent, BCE)    Israelite landowner, husband of Ruth. When Ruth came to glean in his fields, Boaz saw and admired her devotion to her widowed mother in law Naomi. As a kinsman of Elimelech (Ruth s father in law), Boaz undertook to marry… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.