1814 in France


1814 in France

"See also:"
1813 in France,
other events of 1814,
1815 in France.

----

Events from the year 1814 in France.

Events

*26 January - First Battle of St-Dizier, French victory over Russian forces.
*29 January - Battle of Brienne, French victory over Prussian and Russian forces.
*1 February - Battle of La Rothière, Prussian victory over French forces.
*10 February - Battle of Champaubert, decisive French victory over Prussia/Russia.
*11 February - Battle of Montmirail, French victory.
*12 February - Battle of Château-Thierry, French victory against Prussian forces.
*14 February - Battle of Vauchamps, French victory.
*17 February - Battle of Mormans, French victory.
*18 February - Battle of Montereau, French victory over Austrian forces.
*27 February - Battle of Bar-sur-Aube, Austrian victory.
*27 February - Peninsular War: Battle of Orthez, Anglo-Portuguese victory over French forces.
*7 March - Battle of Craonne, French victory.
*9 March-10 March - Battle of Laon, French defeat.
*10 March - Napoleon rejects the proposed Treaty of Chaumont.
*12 March - Louis-Antoine, Duke of Angouleme enters Bordeaux, marking the restoration of the Bourbon dynasty.
*19 March - Battle of Reims, French victory.
*20 March-21 March - Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube, Austrian victory over French forces.
*25 March - Battle of La Fère-Champenoise, Prussian victory.
*26 March - Second Battle of St-Dizier, French victory over Russian forces.
*30 March - Battle of Montmartre, Austrian/Prussian victory.
*30 March-31 March - Battle of Paris, decisive victory for Austria/Russia/Prussia.
*31 March - Paris is occupied by Austrian and Prussian forces.
*6 April - Napoleon abdicates. Louis XVIII of France accedes to the throne.
*10 April - Peninsular War: Battle of Toulouse, indecisive.
*11 April - Treaty of Fontainebleau, Napoleon is stripped of his powers as ruler of the French Empire.
*30 May - Treaty of Paris, ends the war between France and the Sixth Coalition and Napoleon I of France is exiled to Elba.

Births

January to March

*6 January - Hyacinthe de Valroger, Roman Catholic priest and Oratorian (d.1876).
*15 January - Pierre-Jules Hetzel, editor and publisher (d.1886).
*17 January - Hippolyte Lucas, entomologist (d.1899).
*27 January - Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, architect and theorist (d.1879).
*30 January - Jules Lequier, philosopher (d.1862).
*6 February - Auguste Chapdelaine, Christian missionary to China (d.1856).
*26 February - Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, geologist and meteorologist (d.1876).
*28 February - Edmond Frémy, chemist (d.1894).

April to June

*19 April - Louis Amédée Achard, novelist (d.1875).
*1 May - Marie-Alphonse Ratisbonne, Jew who became a Jesuit Catholic priest and missionary (d.1884).
*14 May - Siméon-François Berneux, Roman Catholic missionary killed in Korea (d.1866).
*15 May - Antoine Chintreuil, painter (d.1873).
*21 May - Louis Janmot, painter and poet (d.1892).
*22 May - Joseph-Louis Lambot, inventor of ferro-cement (d.1887).
*1 June - François Ponsard, dramatist (d.1867).
*3 June - Louis Alfred Becquerel, physicist and medical researcher (d.1862).
*5 June - Pierre Wantzel, mathematician (d.1848).
*25 June - Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, geologist (d.1896).

July to September

*8 September - Charles Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, writer, ethnographer, historian and archaeologist (d.1874).
*16 September - Émile Saisset, philosopher (d.1863).
*17 September - Pierre Edmond Teisserenc de Bort, writer and politician (d.1892).
*22 September - Auguste Jean François Grenier, doctor and entomologist (d.1890).
*23 September - Henri de Castellane, politician and nobleman (d.1847).

October to December

*3 October - Hervé Faye, astronomer (d.1902).
*4 October - Jean-François Millet, painter (d.1875).
*11 October - Jean-Baptiste Lamy, first Archbishop of Santa Fe (d.1888).
*13 October - Jules Etienne Joseph Quicherat, historian and archaeologist (d.1882).
*25 October - Louis, Duke of Nemours, second son of King Louis-Philippe of France (d.1896).
*5 November - Alfred de Bougy, poet and author (d.1874).
*17 November - François-Louis Français, painter (d.1897).
*30 November - Eugène Rouher, statesman (d.1884).

Full date unknown

*Louis-Auguste Bisson, photographer (d.1876).
*Pierre Bossan, architect (d.1888).

Deaths

January to June

*14 January - Charles Bossut, mathematician (b.1730).
*21 January - Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, writer and botanist (b.1737).
*30 January - Stephen Rochefontaine, military engineer in the Continental Army in America (b.1755).
*2 February - Jean-Nicolas Démeunier, author and politician (b.1751).
*27 February - Julien Louis Geoffroy, literary critic (b.1743).
*13 March - Louis François II de Bourbon, prince de Conti, aristocrat (b.1734).
*26 March - Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, physician who proposed the use of a mechanical device to carry out death penalties (b.1738).
*29 March - Claude Michel, sculptor (b.1738).
*31 March - Pierre Sonnerat, naturalist and explorer (b.1748).
*25 April - Louis-Sébastien Mercier, dramatist and writer (b.1740).
*29 May - Joséphine de Beauharnais, first wife of Napoleon I of France and thus the first Empress of the French (b.1763).
*28 June - Edmond Louis Alexis Dubois-Crancé, soldier and politician (b.1747).

July to December

*5 July - Jean Baptiste Le Sueur Fontaine, actor and theatre director (b.1745).
*7 September - Pierre Victor, baron Malouet, publicist and politician (b.1740).
*13 September - Louis-François Bertin, journalist (b.1766).
*17 September - Jacques Bernard d'Anselme, General (b.1740).
*1 October - Guillaume-Antoine Olivier, entomologist (b.1756).
*30 November - Jean-Michel Moreau le Jeune, draughtsman, illustrator and engraver (b.1741).
*2 December - Marquis de Sade, aristocrat, revolutionary and writer of philosophy-laden and often violent pornography (b.1740).
*11 December - Marie-Louise O'Murphy, child-courtesan, one of the several mistresses of King Louis XV of France (b.1737).

Full date unknown

*Abbé Aubert, dramatist, poet and journalist (b.1731).
*Pierre Patte, architect (b.1723).
*Jean-François Pierre Peyron, painter (b.1744).
*Jean Baptiste Louis George Seroux D'Agincourt, archaeologist and historian (b.1730).

References


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