Stanislav Kosior

Stanislav Kosior

Trofim Lysenko speaking at the Kremlin in 1935. At the back left to right are Kosior, Anastas Mikoyan, Andrei Andreyev and Joseph Stalin.]

Stanislav Kosior or Kossior ( _ru. Станислав Викентьевич Косиор, _uk. Станіслав Вікентійович Косіор, _pl. Stanisław Kosior) (OldStyleDate|November 18|1889|November 6 – February 26, 1939) was one of three Kosior brothers, Polish-born Soviet politicians. He was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Ukrainian SSR, and deputy prime minister of the USSR. Among others, he was responsible for the Holodomor in Ukraine. Arrested by the NKVD, he was killed during the Great Purge.


Stanisław Kosior was born in 1889 in Węgrów in Siedlce gubernia of Imperial Russia, which is the Polish region of Podlachia, to a family of humble factory workers. Because of poverty, he was forced to emigrate to Yuzovka (modern Donetsk), where he started working at one of the steel mills. In 1907 he joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party and quickly became the head of the local branch of the party. In 1913 he was transferred to Moscow and then to Kyiv and Kharkiv, where he headed the forming of local cells of the communist organisations. In 1915 he was arrested by the Okhrana and forcibly resettled to Siberia.

After the February Revolution he moved to Saint Petersburg, where he headed the local branch of the Bolsheviks and the Narva municipal committee. After the October Revolution Kosior moved to the German-controlled areas of the Ober-Ost and Ukraine, where he tried to promote the Bolshevik cause. After the Brest Peace Treaty he moved back to Russia, where in 1920 he became the secretary of the All-Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) and since 1922 he headed the Siberian branch of the communist party. Between 1925 and 1928 he was a secretary of the party's central committee and in 1928 he became Secretary General of the Ukrainian SSR Communist Party (KP(b)U). Among his tasks was conducting the forcible collectivization, which resulted with the Great Famine in 1931 and 1932.

In 1930 he was admitted to the politburo and in 1935 he was granted the Order of Lenin. In January 1938 he also became head of the Soviet Control Office deputy prime minister of the USSR. However, with the advent of the Great Purge, by order of Joseph Stalin, on May 3, 1938 Kosior was deprived of all party posts and arrested by the NKVD; on February 26, 1939 he was sentenced to death by shooting and executed the same day. He was rehabilitated on March 14, 1956.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kosior — may refer to one of three brothers, Polish born Soviet politicians (Russified first names): *Stanislav Kosior (1889 1939) *Vladislav Kosior (1891 1938) *Iosif Kosior (1893 1937) *Two other less notable brothers were Kazimierz Kosior and Michal… …   Wikipedia

  • Stanislav — is a very old male given name, meaning someone who achieves glory or fame. It is most often given in the Slavic countries of Central and South Eastern Europe. However, there are versions of the name in most of the major languages as listed… …   Wikipedia

  • Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine — For the post Soviet party, see Communist Party of Ukraine and Communist Party of Ukraine (renewed). The Communist Party (Bolshevik) of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Комуністична Партія (більшовиків) України Komunistychna Partiya (bilshovykiv) Ukrayiny,… …   Wikipedia

  • Nikita Khrushchev — Khrushchev redirects here. For other people with this surname, see Khrushchev (surname). Nikita Khrushchev Никита Хрущёв …   Wikipedia

  • Dmitry Manuilsky — Dmitriy Manuilsky Дмитро Захарович Мануїльський Leader of Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine In office December 15, 1921 – April 10, 1923 Preceded by …   Wikipedia

  • Collectivization in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic — Holodomor topics Historical background Famines in Russia and USSR · Soviet famine of 1932–1933 Soviet government Institutions: All Union Communist Party (Bolshevik) · Communist Party (Bolshevik) of Ukraine · …   Wikipedia

  • Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic — Infobox SSR name = Ukrainian SSR rus name = Украинская Советская Социалистическая Республика loc name = Українська Радянська Соціалістична Республіка full name = Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic year start = 1917 year end = 1991 p1 = Russian… …   Wikipedia

  • Nikolai Podgorny — Podgorny redirects here. For other uses, see Podgorny (disambiguation). Nikolai Podgorny Николай Подгорный Podgorny at the 1963 East Germa …   Wikipedia

  • Mykhailo Hrushevskyi — Mykhailo Hrushevsky Михайло Грушевський Mykhailo Hrushevsky President of the Central Rada In office March 4, 1917 – April 29, 1918 …   Wikipedia

  • Mykola Plaviuk — Микола Плав юк 4th President of the Ukrainian People s Republic in exile In office December 8, 1989 – August 22, 1992 Preceded by Mykola Livytskyi …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.