Cherthala


Cherthala
Cherthala
—  taluk  —
Cherthala
Location of Cherthala
in Kerala and India
Coordinates 9°42′00″N 76°19′00″E / 9.7°N 76.3167°E / 9.7; 76.3167Coordinates: 9°42′00″N 76°19′00″E / 9.7°N 76.3167°E / 9.7; 76.3167
Country India
State Kerala
District(s) Alappuzha
MLA Mr. Tilothaman (M.L.A Cherthala) 2011-16,Adv. A.M. Arif (M.L.A. Aroor)
Parliamentary constituency Alappuzha
Assembly constituency Cherthala & Aroor
Population

Density

3,02,194 (1991)

1,612 /km2 (4,175 /sq mi)

Sex ratio 1030 /
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area

Elevation

187.43 square kilometres (72.37 sq mi)

0 metres (0 ft)

Cherthala (Malayalam: ചേര്‍ത്തല, formerly Shertallai or Shertallay) is a town located in the district of Alappuzha, in the state of Kerala, India. It is located 30 km south of the city of Kochi and 22 km north of Alappuzha town, on the Kochi-Alappuzha streatch of both the National Highway 47 as well as the costal Rail-route.lt is 85 km from the industrial city PUNALUR

In local administration, the Cherthala town is a municipality while in the state administrative structure Cherthala is a Taluk in the district of Alappuzha. The Corporation of Cochin has drafted a Master Plan that aims to develop Cherthala as the satellite town around the Kochi city.

Contents

Etymology

According to the local legend, once Vilwamangalam Swamiyar, the well known Kerala Hindu Saint, while travelling through Cherthala, found an idol of the Devi with its head immersed in a muddy pond. The swami understood the divinity of the idol, took it out from the mud, cleaned it and consecrated it in a temple near the pond.Thus the place is believed to have got its name as Cher means Mud and Thala means Head in Malayalam and the deity of the temple got the name as Cherthala Karthiyayani.[1] The word put together means Head from the mud. Unlike in other Kerala temples, the idol of Cherthala Karthiyayani Devi is consecrated in the Sreekovil just below the ground level and cannot be directly viewed by the devotees.

There is another story that says that the former name was Karappuram and this part of land was gifted by the erstwhile State of Cochin to the erstwhile State of Travancore for protecting it from enemies. The place got its name as Chertha (joined) Thala (abutting land).

Local Governance

Cherthala taluk is a part of Alapuzha Revenue District and Alapuzha Parliamentary constituency. All the villages of Cherthala Taluk come under the Cherthala and Aroor Constituencies of Kerala Legislative Assembly. There are 20 Grama Panchayats or villages under Cherthala Taluk namely Aroor, Arookutty, Perumbalam, Ezhupunna, Kodamthuruthu, Kuthiathode, Thuravoor, Pattanakad, Panavally, Thycattuserry, Pallippuram, Alappuzha, Cherthala South, Muhamma, Thanneermukkom, Kanjikuzhi, Mannancherry, Mararikulam North, Aryad, Kadakarapally and Vayalar. As per Local governance in Kerala, i.e., 3-Tier Panchayat raj, Cherthala Taluk is also divided into 3 block panchayats: Pattanakad, Thycattuserry and Kanzhikuzhy . All these block panchayats are also the part of Alapuzha Jilla /District Panchayat.

Demographics

As per Kerala government website, Cherthala municipality had a population of 43,326 over an area of 16.18 square kilometres. The density of population is 2678 per square kilometre. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%.[2]

Cherthala has an average literacy rate of 94%, with male literacy of 98.4% and female literacy of 89.7%.

Cherthala Town

The War memorial dedicated to soldiers from Shertallai village who took part in World War I & II

Cherthala Town Municipality has 32 wards.[3] The town is well known after the Karthyayani Devi temple, located in the center of the town. Two more sub-temples dedicated to Lord Siva and Lord Vishnu are also located on the northern side of the main temple. A sub-temple dedicated to Lord Ayyappa and another dedicated to Kshethrapalakan believed to be Devi's temple caretaker are located on the southern corner of the main temple. Thousands of devotees coming from different 'Karas' (localities) of Cherthala participate in the Padayani, vela thullal and pooram pattu, the main rituals conducted during the temple festival. A large pond exists in front of the Taluk office that belongs to the Karthyayani Devi temple.We can see many roosters flocking around the temple premises .These roosters are the offerings of the devotees,an ancient custom followed in many devi temples of Kerala.The temple is administered by Travancore Devaswom Board.

Cherthala Back waters at 1960s

Another temple in Cherthala town is the Muttathu Thirumala Devaswam temple. Lord Narasimha presiding in the form of Saligrama and Sree Venkatachalapathy Moorthy with bhoo devi and sree devi are the deities of this temple. The temple conducts its annual festival either ahead of the Karthyayani Devi's festival or soon after that. The Pallivetta is a beautiful procession where it is believed that God is going for the divine hunting. The annual festival lasts for 8 days.

The Muttom St. Mary's church is located near the market. The Muttom church is also a Marian pilgrimage center. A silver flag mast (Kodimaram) in the church courtyard depicts its unique Kerala heritage found in many Syrian Catholic churches of Kerala.

The Shree Mahadeva temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is also located near the east end the Muttom Church. The Moorthickal Sri Lakshminarayan temple and Peechi Amman Kovil are also located half a kilometer west of the Cherthala town. The Vellorvattom Shree Mahadeva temple having twin sreekovils both dedicated to Lord Shiva is located one kilometer west of Cherthala town.

Famous Kandamangalam sree Rajarajeshwari temple is just 5 km from cherthala town. This temple dedicated to goddess rajarajeshwari attracts thousands of devotees. The annual festival in march-April attracts a lot of people from distant areas too.

Cherthala is a major centre of coir industry.There are big coir exporting factories located outside the town,few of them along the [[NH-47 ]]. The well-known politician and the Union Defence Minister A K Antony hails from Cherthala Town. The Union Cabinet Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs, Shri Vayalar Ravi, is also from Cherthala. Cherthala is well-connected by road and rail. The nearest airport is the Cochin International Airport, about 50 kilometers northwest, and the nearest seaport is Cochin Harbour about 36 kilometers northwest of the town. A memorial stands in front of the Taluk office, dedicated in the memory of various soldiers from Cherthala who took part in World War I& II. The office of Tahsildar is also located in the Taluk office complex. The Taluk office has a treasury, Land & Revenue department, Election commission's office. A Mini Civil station complex located behind Taluk office has various government departments under one roof. There is also the office of Deputy Supernatant of Police (DySP) near the Taluk office. The only fire station in Cherthala taluk functions round the clock next to Civil station. A large BSNL microwave tower functions near the BSNL telephone exchange used for high-speed data transfer and telephone communication.There is a court complex that houses the Magistrate court and Munsif courts. A busy bus stand and depot run by Kerala State RTC is situated on the east side of Devi temple. The Cherthala Municipality building and a shopping complex is situated near to this bus stand. A government guesthouse (Traveler's Bungalow) functions at the north end of Court junction. A man-made water canal flows across the town. It was constructed as an Inland waterway to link Cherthala town with Alapuzha prior to development of NH-47. The busy Cherthala market has the vegetable wholesale market and the municipal fish market located near the Muttom Church. A small chapel of Mother Mary is located in the market.There are few oil mills producing the coconut oil. Manorama Junction, Market road, Nadacavu road, Court Jn, KSRTC bus stand, Pvt bus stand, Apsara junction, Xray Jn., Iron Bridge, Bhavani theatre, civil station, Taluk office, municipal shopping complex are some of the locally known places in and around Cherthala town.Cherthala town has the potential for developing as the Satellite town of ever expanding Kochi metropolitan city.

Japan Water Supply Scheme

It is one of the Mega Water supply project executed by Kerala Water Authority for providing uninterrupted drinking water for the people of entire Cherthala taluk. The Scheme covers Cherthala Municipal town, 7 towns and 13 villages of Cherthala taluk. A package of five water supply schemes was approved by the Overseas Economic Co-operation Fund (OECF) of Japan, for loan assistance. The funding agency is now known as the Japan Bank for International Co-operation (JBIC).[4] The loan agreement for the project (Agreement No. IDP 123) was executed on 23 February 1997 between the OECF and the Government of India. According to the agreement, Government of India is the borrower and the (KWA) Kerala Water Authority is the executing Agency. The project aims at augmenting and rehabilitating the water supply systems of two urban regions, namely Kozhikode and Thiruvananthapuram, and to construct water supply for three rural regions namely, Pattuvam of Kannur district, Cherthala of Alappuzha district and Meenad of Kollam district. The project when completed will ensure drinking water supply to about 43 lakhs of people of the benefited area spread over five districts. The water source for the Cherthala project area is Muvattupuzha River at Kulampoorkadavu near Aryankavu.

Places of importance

Aroor

The Garuda Vahana procession taken to Vattakkeril temple,Aroor

Aroor is a busy village situated 25 km north of Cherthala town on the National Highway 47 between Cherthala and Kochi. Aroor is identified as industrial park for seafood exports. It is also one of the fish landing centres. There are few workshops specialised in automobile body building, mechanised boat building in Aroor. Aroor Industrial Estate and Chemical industrial estate is situated at the northern side of Aroor. It was inaugurated by Former Revenue Minister Smt. K R Gowri Amma. The studio complex of the Manorama News channel is also located in Aroor. Saint Augustine Church, one of the oldest Latin Catholic churches is located near the busy NH47 Bypass-Edacochin junction and Pavumabai Temple is there. The Saint Augustine Higher School situated nearby. Aroor being well connected by NH-47 and rail line to the Kochi City, is fast becoming one of the suburb destinations of Kochi city. Aroor is also represented as the Assembly constituency. and ancient Karthyayani Temple is situating in the heart of Aroor. The Vattakkeril temple for the THADI THULLAL ritual is located in Aroor.Large number of people participate in the procession of Garuda Vahanas, the main festival attraction of Vattakkeril temple. Aroor Cheruvally Temple also located near Vattakkeril has the Paradevatha Kavu and Kizekakke Kavu. Kavus are Sacred groves of India found in many Kerala Temple preserving rare ecosystems.

Arthunkal

Arthunkal is an important pilgrim centre of Latin Catholic Christians and is for well known St. Sebastian and the original name of the Church is St. Andrues church, popularly known as 'Arthunkal Church' situated 8 km south-west of Cherthala town facing the sea coast. Historians interpret the name Arthunkal differently. One version is that the thatched chapel built initially was at Arthikulangara and later the name was modified as Arithikulangal, Arithinkal and Arthunkal. Another version is that the "Siva" temple of the Puliyamkottu family used to conduct the 'Arattu Ulsav every year. The distance from the temple to the sea where Arattu was conducted came to be known as Arattunkal and later became Arthunkal. The temple doesn't exist anymore. Hindu pilgrims from Sabarimala used to visit Arthunkal and take bath in a tank in the Church premises to formally conclude their penance. The tank is not in existence now.

Thyckattusserry

Thaikattussery [തൈക്കാട്ടുശ്ശേരി, थैक्कात्तुसेरी] had a population of 20052 with 9915 males and 10137 females. Thaikattussery is situated 35 km north of Alappuzha and 25 km south of Kochi in Pallippuram Islands. The major income source of this place is fishing. Thycattusherry is geographically surrounded by Vembanad lake and its tributaries.The major population of Thyckatussery belonging from low income group. Thyckattussery is famous for'Panchara Manal' [Silica sand], the major raw material used in glass and cement industry.

Kadakkarappally

Kadakkarappally is a coastal village situated west of NH 47. Kadakkarappally is well known for the famous pilgrim centres.. Kandamangalam Rajarajeshwari Temple is a famous Hindu pilgrim centre. One among the most famous devi temple in the state. Thiruvulsavam,Chirapp mahotsavam,Thaippoyam,Navrathri,Vinayak Chathurthi,Pathamudayam,Vishu are well celebrated in this temple. People believe that goddess Rajarajeshwari is the landlord of 13 lands (from thaikkal to vettackal). People actively participate in respective years festivals. Everyone irrespective of religion,race etc are allowed to enter temple and take part in worships. Famous Marian Pilgrim centre Thankey Church attracts thousands of people in Passion week. Deepakazhcha,Nagarikanikkal etc were also performed.

Andhakaranazhy

Andhakaranazhy is a coastal village located 4-km west of Pattanakkad. It's one of the popular beach locations attracting tourists and domestic visitors. The beach has an azhy, a sand sedimentation formed by the constant sea erosion.Large mechanised shutters are erected near the isthmus where the back waters merge into the Arabian sea. These shutters regulate the flow of seawater water entering into the neighbouring paddy fields of Thuravoor, Pattanakad, Ezhupunna panchayats connected to the back waters .They also prevent flooding in paddy fields during excessive rainfalls . A majestic light house stands like a signal tower guiding the seamen during night. This lighthouse is open to public during the Onam season. This place is also a popular shooting location for Malayalam film songs. One can reach Andhakaranazhy via the Kadakkarapally-Thanky-Andhakaranazhy-Pallithode beach road or divert towards west at Padmakshi-Kavilpalli junction on NH 47 near Pattanakkad. This place was one of the seriously affected areas in the tsunami disaster, which hit the Kerala Coast on December 26, 2006. Smt. K. R. Gowri Amma, the revenue minister in the Kerala State's first elected government is from this village. She was the sitting MLA from Aroor constituency for many years. The Vyathara Trimurthi temple, a very rare and old temple dedicated to tri-gods trimurthi Lord Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma consecrated in a single sreekovil is located in Andhakaranazhy. The Kandakarana temple is also located near the Trimurthi temple.

Chennam Pallippuram (Pallippuram)

Chennam Pallippuram, commonly known as Pallippuram, is a panchayath, situated in Cherthala taluk and belongs to Thycattussery block panchayath accessible by the Cherthala -Arukutty -Aroor road. The panchayath has an area of 25.53 square kilometers, 6202 households and a population of 27307 (13365 men and 13942 women) as per census of 2001. Pallipuram is also known for its huge deposits of white silica-rich sandy soil. These huge white soil dunes dotted with cashew nut trees is a typical landscape of Pallippuram,found on both sides of Cherthala -Arookutty-Aroor road . This sandy soil has large demand in glass making industry. But due to its clandestine consumption many dunes have disappeared from the landscape of Pallippuram. Pallippuram sand soil is now a restricted resource controlled by the Government Geology department. Pallippuram is surrounded with Vembanad Lake on eastern and western sides and Chenganda River on its southern side. The bridge over the river connects this area to the mainland of Cherthala. The IHRD engineering college, N.S.S Arts and Science College, and few schools are located in this panchayat area. The crushing unit of Malabar Cements (owned by Government of Kerala) is located in the industrial area. The Cherthala Info Park with associated township and other infrastructure is another upcoming project under construction in Pallipuram panchayat. Thiruayranikkulam Kalathil Mahadeva temple, Kadavil Bhagavathi temple, and St. Mary's Church are also located in Pallipuram panchayat. The St. Thomas Hospital and Public Health Centre is also located in this area. Pallipuram is connected to Cherthala by road at a distance of 5 km. MLA road (parallel to Cherthala -Arukutty-Aroor road) is another major road in the locality.Cherthala Infopark is also situated in Pallipuram panchayath.

S.L Puram.. Kanjikuzhi (NH 47 Alappuzha )

S.L Puram is also known as Sethulekshmipuram or Kanjikuzhi. Its situated 12 km north of Alappuzha town, 9 km South of cherthala town, about 3  km towards west is Arabian sea and 3  km towards east is Vembanadu lake . S.L Puram is one of the main junction on Alappuzha - Cherthala NH 47. The Marari beach lies 3.5  km west, Muhamma road on the east side reaching the Kumarakam- Muhamma ferry . The drama and film script writer Sree S.L Puram Sadanandan and his drama theater SooryaSoma is situated in S.L Puram. The Sree Narayana college, Govt. Plus two School,KSEB office,BSNL office, Mararikulam police station, Mararikulam South panjayath office are other institutions located in and around S.L Puram.

Kanichukulangara

Situated 13 km north of Alappuzha town, Kanichukulangara is for the Bhagavathy temple. It is believed that the shrine was consecrated by a Brahmin who happened to recognize Devi who had reached the shore. The souls of the Brahmin and the maiden who is said to have fallen in love with Brahmin have been consecrated in small shrines inside the temple.Later the temple was constructed by the karnavas of kaikara,manjezham and chelattu kudumbam .They provided the land and other materials for the construction and taken care of the nithya pooja and festivals.

Kokkothamangalam

File:Kokkamangalam Church.jpg

Situated on the western shore of Vembanad lake is the seat of one of the oldest churches in the world. It is said that the apostle St. Thomas, who visited Kerala in 75 AD and established 7 churches including one here, consecrated a cross there. Later the cross was found missing and it was recovered from Pallipuram and brought back to Kokkothamangalm where a church was built. The present church was built in 1900. It is a major pilgrim centre. St Antony's High School is located in Kokkothamangalam. The place is 4.5 km southeast from Cherthala town accessible via the Chertala - Tannermukkom - Muhamma road. Manaveli:In manaveli there is one old home (100 years)situated near manaveli junction i.e. 2 km from est cherthala town ther is also one temple Sree Shanmugha vilasam (this information from Prasoon Kolathu)

Muhamma

Muhamma is a Grama Panchayath in Cherthala Taluk. It is home to the Cheerappanchira kalari, where Ayyappan had his training in the martial arts; the Communist Party of India (Marxist) leader, Mrs. Susheela Gopalan (wife of A. K. Gopalan), was from this family.

Muhamma was also the village where the Communist Party of India (Marxist) leader P. Krishna Pillai died after sustaining a snakebite. Pathiramanal island, the most beautiful point in Vembanad Lake, is a part of Muhamma Panchyath.

Pathiramanal

Pathiramanal roughly translated as the 'mysterious sand of midnight', is a small beautiful island of tourist importance. It is situated in the centre of Vembanad lake, 4 km east of Muhamma. This island is full of coconut trees and luxuriant vegetation. It is also home to a large flock of migratory birds.

Pathiramanal Bio Park Muhamma panchyath has launched big project in Pathiramanal with central assistance. The estimated cost of the project is about 10 cores. Bio park, fish breeding area, Natural Historical museum, aquarium etc. are the main parts of the project. The project is submitted by the panchayath samithy headed by Sri. C.K. Bhaskaran, President, and P.P. Udayasimhan, Secretary.

Panavally

Panavally is a serene village in Cherthala taluk of Alappuzha district.Its situated at the northern frontier of old Travancore state, sourrounded by backwaters of Vembanad lake .The studies on the soil of the place have shown that, like many regions of Kerala, this part of the land also emerged from the sea a few centuries ago. The sand in the southern part of this village contains high concentration of pure silica. This is being used in many industries, in particular in brick (white) making. The Cherthala-Arookutty bus route goes through this village and runs parallel to the national highway NH 47. The economy in general is agriculture based, but equally supported by the seafood processing industry. Due to the proximity to the Cochin city, this village supplies workforce to the city as well. Major industries in this include Century Shipyard, Kuncharath coir mills etc. Nalpathaneeswaram Sree Mahadeva Temple, Thrichattukulam Mahadeva Temple,vazatharaveli annapoorneswari temple, Edappangazhi Sree Krishna Temple, Odampally Devi Temple are the main Hindu religious centres in Panavally. Poochakkal Police Station and Thykkattussery Block Office are situated in this village. panavally krishnan vaidyar author of vasthipradeepam is from panavally.he had treated sri narayana guru and was a member of srimoolam praja sabha for three times he was a renowned vaidya and social reformer. famous C.K.V HOSPITAL is cituated in panavally .a very reputed hospital which gives authentic ayurveda treatment for major disc complaints patients from all over india comes here and geting good results with out any advertisements

Pattanakkad

Pattanakkad is a panchayath in Cherthala taluk. Andhakaranazhy located 4 km west of Poonamveli, is a beautiful tourist beach destination also known after its azhi(അഴി).Andhakaranazhy has a lighthouse and its also a popular shooting location for south Indian films songs.The Pattanakad Block office, State Bank of India Branch,a small market,Poonamveli mosque,BSNL telephone exchange,police station etc. are located at Poonamveli, an locality along the NH-47 near the Pattankad Block office. Pattanakkad Mahadeva temple is believed to be one of 108 Shiva temples built by Hindu Warrior saint Parasurama.[5] of Kerala, located along the NH-47 near to the Pattankad village office. Well reputed Pattanakkad Public School currently known as St. Joseph's Public School, Bishop Moore Vidya Pith and the Govt. Vocational Higher Secondary schools and its beautiful playground are located along the NH-47 near Pattankad. Now so many exporting companies like Coir flex,Techno exports,etc. loacting this place The Milma cattle feed plant is also located 2 km north of Poonamveli along the NH-47.

Poochakkal(പൂച്ചാക്കല്‍)

Nagari SreeDharmaSastha Kshetram

Poochakkal(പൂച്ചാക്കല്‍) is very beautiful place in kerala state in india. It is a small island surrounded with backwaters. The place is famous for panchara manal (white sand), karimeen, kallu etc. Thaliyaparambu temple famous for KALAM KARY is here. Poochackal is the most important small town. Located jointly in Thycattussery and Panavally panchayaths. It is the financial and business capital of this area. It is about 14 km from Cherthala, 8 km from Vaikom and 25 km from Ernakulam. There are hospitals namely Poochakkal Medical Centre PMC,deepa hospital,mercy hospital and govnt clinic. Three high schools,One THEVARVATTOM Govt high school(it is one of the most ancient elementary schools in alappuzha dist 150 yrs), One st.Theresa's H S manappuram.Sreekandeswaram H S (one HSS, one VHSS, one BEd Training college, one TTC) are here in Poochakkal. Royal theater, KC movies are the main movie theaters. Nagari Sree Dharmasastha Temple(famous for Annual fireworks along with festival), Sreekandeswaram Mahadevar Temple, Elikkattu Sree dharma sastha Temple, Edapangazhi sreekrishna temple,Thaliaparambu devi kshetram(famous for Kalamkari),Thycattuserry Bhagavathy "MOOLASTHANAM" at Eloor KALARY Thevarvattom, Thevarvattom Masjid, Manappuram St.Theresas church are the main worship places. Poochackal market is one of the biggest market in North Cherthala. There are two nationalised Banks (Federal Bank[with ATM] & State Bank of Travancore[ATM coming-up at west side of Royal theater ]), One Alleppey Dist Co-Operative Bank, Chertala service Co-Opertive Bank, Sub Treasury, KSFE, Muthoot Finance Ltd, MUTHOOT FINCORP LTD are the financial Institutions. A diesel /petrol outlet of IBP also operates at poochackkal which is located near by CKV hospital. Working houres is 6 AM to 12 AM. Poochakkal police station and Land Registration Office fulfills the needs for the entire Thycattusserry Block. In fact, this Block Panchayath can be renamed after Poochakkal. Poochakkal post office (PIN 688526) is located in the heart of the town. Thykkattussery and Panavally telephone exchanges are also located in this small town. NSD code for these two exchanges are 0478. Now Poochakkal PIN 688526 is used for Olavaipe(already using), Panavally, Trichattukulam, Naduvath Nagar and Manapuram. Because they are degraded to Branch Post Offices of Poochakkal Sub Post Office. Cherthala Infopark (IT park under Govt.of Kerala) is coming up at Pallipuram panchayath which is 6KM away from this small town. Till the Assembly elections in 2006, it was part of Chertala LAC, after delimitation, from 2011 elections onwards it is part of Aroor LAC.

Thannermukkom

It is situated on the western bank of Vembanad Lake. The Thannermukkom salt-water barrier was constructed as apart of Kuttanad Development Scheme. The Thannermukkom regulator constructed across Vembanad Lake between Thannermukkom and Vechur is to prevent tidal action and intrusion of salt water.

Thiruvizha

Thiruvizha is situated about 5 km south-west of Cherthala and is for Shiva temple. The temple attracts large number of devotees because of the divine prasadam, which is supposed to possess medicinal and curative properties for mental illness.

Vayalar

Vayalar Raktha Sakshi Mandapam

Situated about 2.5 km north of Cherthala, Vayalar is a politically important place in the history of modern Kerala. The historic Punnapra-Vayalar uprising at Vayalar by the communist party against the rule of Sir C. P. Ramaswami Iyer,the Diwan of Travancore state, resulted in the relinquishment of the rule of Diwan. Hundreds of communists fell victim to the tragic police firing in 1946. There is martyrs' platform (Raktha Sakshi Mandapam) erected at this place. You can still find stump of the coconut tree in which a hole was created due to the police firing. Every year leading communist leaders come down here on the memorial day. This place is home to the late poet Vayalar Rama Varma and Union Minister Vayalar Ravi. It is also the birthplace of Mr. S. Raja, a industrialist in erode of Tamil Nadu

Temples

  • Karthayayani Devi temple- Chertala town
  • Kandamangalam Sree Rajarajeshwari Temple,kadakkarappally.p.o
  • Velorvattom Mahadevar temple – Velorvattom 1 km from Manorama Junction towards West
  • Puthumana Sree Krishna Swamy temple
  • Sree Shanmuka Swamy temple, Cherthal CMC 23
  • Kuttikattu sree bhadra kali devi temple
  • Muttathu Thirumala Devasom Lakshmi Narasimha Temple - Chertala town
  • Varanaadu Bhagavathy temple – Varanaadu
  • Kottaram Sri Dharmasastha Temple-Near Ottapunna NH47 Bypass
  • Kadambanadu Sri Devi Temple, CMC-1, Cherthala
  • Sri Dharmasastha Temple-Near Ottapunna NH47 Bypass
  • Dhanvanthri temple-Maruthorvattom
  • Vellappally Sree Dharma Daiva Kshetram - Maruthorvattom
  • Kandmangalam Devi temple- Kandmangalam 4 km from Town on Cherthala-Thanky-Anthakaranazhi road
  • Mutharamman Kovil near Railway station
  • Nalpathenneeswaram Sree Mahadeva Temple-Panvally -One of the 108 Shiva temples supposed to be built by Parasurama[5]
  • Thrichattukulam Mahadeva Temple -Panvally
  • Mahadevar temple-Tiruvizha
  • Mahadevar temple-Mararikulam
  • Thycattuserry Bhagavathy temple-Thycattuserry
  • Sreekandeswaram Mahadevar Temple-Poochakkal
  • Mahadevar temple-Pattankad - 6 km North of town on NH-47-One of the 108 Shiva temples supposed to be built by Parasurama[5]
  • Kanichukulanghara Bhagavathy temple-Kanichukulanghara
  • Thuravoor Narashimha Moorthy-Sudharshana Moorthy Mahakshethram-Thuravoor - 12 km North of town on NH-47
  • Thuravoor Tirumala Devasom Lakshmi Narasimha temple-Thuravoor
  • Nalukulanghara Bhagavathi temple -Parayakad, Thuravoor
  • Karthayayani Devi temple- Aroor - 20 km North of town on NH-47
  • Kalavancodam saktheeswara temple, for kannadi prathista - 6 km north on Kalavancodam-saktheeswara road
  • Sivasubrahmanyapuram Temple, Nadubhagom, Thyckattusery
  • kadambanakulangra temple, Pallippuram, P.O, cherthala
  • Subrahmanya Temple, Puthanambalam
  • Kochanakulangara Bhagavathy Temple, Kayippuram, Muhamma
  • Nagamkulangara Temple, Vayalar
  • Puthiyakavu devi temple,Puthiyakavu,Vayalar
  • Chammanad Devi Temple, Chammanad
  • Kizhakke Chammanad Durga Devi Temple..Chammanad-2565648
  • [Punnakkezhil Devi Temple] Thyckattusserry
  • Lakshmi Narayana Temple,1 km west of Manorama Jn.
  • vazatharaveli annapoorneswari temple ,panavally
  • sooryankunnu bhadrakali tempel, panavally

Churches

  • St. Stephens CSI Church, Kalavancodam
  • St. Mary's Forane Church, Muttom, Cherthala town
  • St. Joseph Church Madakkal - 3 km southwest from town on Cherthala-Thanky-Thumboly road
  • St. George Church, Arthinkal- 8 km southwest from town on Cherthala-Thanky-Thumboly road
  • St. Andrews Church ( Arthinkal palli), Arthinkal- 8 km southwest from town on Cherthala-Thanky-Thumboly road
  • St. Mary's Forane Church, Thankey -5 km north from Town on Cherthala-Thanky-Anthakaranazhi road
  • St. Mary's Fornane Church, Pallippuram -8 km north from Town on Arukutty-Cherthala road
  • St. Augustine Church and Pontifical Seminary, Manapuram - 15 km north from Town on Arukutty-Cherthala road
  • St. Thomas Church, Kokkamangalam - 6 km southeast from town on Cherthala-Tannirmukkom-Muhamma road
  • St. Martin de Porres Church,Vadakkumuri- 2 km west from town near Kizhekkenalpathil
  • St. Sebastian's Church, Areepparampu-6 km southwest from town on Cherthala-Kanichukulangara road
  • St.Sebastian's Church,Maruthorvattom,NH 66,4 km from Cherthala
  • St. Joseph church,kuncharam,panavally north Cherthala
  • St.ANN'S CHURCH,UZHUVA,KALAVAMKODAM,CHERTHALA
  • Littil flower church Lisue Nagar Varanadu
  • Little flower church Ayiramtahi, Thayckal. 8 km southwest from town on Cherthala-Thanky-Thumboly road
  • St Francis Assisi Church Thyckal. 8 km southwest from town on Cherthala-Thanky-Thumboly road

Colleges

Nair Service Society College

The N.S.S College, Cherthala,[6] owes its origin to the hard work and patronage of the Nair Service Society, an educational agency in Kerala and to the initiative and vision of its founder the late Mannathu Padmanabhan.

This institution, which acts as a nexus linking the Cherthala and Vaikom taluks and fulfils the long felt need of the area to provide higher education to aspiring students, came into being as a Junior College in 1964. It was upgraded in 1968. Its first PG course was started in 1995.

The college has a very active NCC Unit, three socially committed National Service Scheme Units and a very efficient Sports and Arts wing, the students of this premier institution, situated in an economically and educationally backward area, had won laurels in the University examinations, Youth Festivals and Athletic meets.

Currently it offers the following courses. Bachelor of Arts (English, Malayalam, History and Economics), Bachelor of science (Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Environment & Water Management), Master of Arts(Economics), Bachelor of commerce and Master of Science in Mathematics. The college is affiliated to Kerala University.[7]

Sree Narayana College

The SN College[8] was inaugurated in 1964 by the late Sri. R. Sankar, the founder -Secretary of S.N. Trusts and the then Chief Minister of Kerala. What began as a Junior college grew over the years into a major institution, offering instruction in, ten degree courses and two PG courses.

The college at present has on its rolls more than 2,500 students and faculty of more than 90 members. Apart from the academic activities, due emphasis is given to co-curricular activities also. There are 4 very active NSS units in the college. A Population Education Club and a Women's Cell are also functioning well in the college. The NCC wing could have its cadets participate in Republic Day Parade many times. In sports and games, the college teams could win laurels on different occasions, especially in Kabaddi and Kho-Kho.

Currently it offers the following courses: Bachelor of Arts (Malayalam, Politics, Philosophy, History and Economics), Bachelor of science (Computer Science, Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology), Master of Arts (Economics), Bachelor of commerce and Master of Science (Botany, Zoology, Physics).The college is affiliated to Kerala University.[9]

St. Michael's college

St. Michael's college[10] was a long cherished dream of His Excellency Rt. Rev. Dr. Michael Arattukulam, the first Bishop of Alleppey. From the time of its very inception in 1967, the college has made its mark in the academic field, in athletics, in National Service Scheme and in arts and cultural activities.

It has a student strength of 1,700 with 62 members on the teaching staff and 47 on the non-teaching staff. The college has had a consistently bright academic record all through the years. The college has distinguished itself in sports and games, one of its former students became even the Captain of the Indian Basketball Team. The performance of the college in cultural activities has been equally impressive.

Currently it offers the following courses: Bachelor of Arts (Economics), Bachelor of Science (Physics, Chemistry and Zoology), Master of Arts (Economics) and Bachelor of commerce. The college is affiliated to Kerala University.[11]

KVM College of Engineering & Information Technology

KVM College of Engineering & Information Technology is a long cherished dream of K. Velayudhan Memorial Trust. KVM College of Engineering & Information Technology started in 2001-2002 academic year. It is approved by the All India Council of Technical Education AICTE and is recognized by Cochin University of Science & Technology CUSAT.[12]

Currently it offers the following courses: Master of Computer Application, Msc Biotechnology and Msc Vishual Communication and MBA

SNGM Institutions - Valamangalam, Thuravoor

The Sree Narayana Guru Memorial Charitable and Educational (S.N.G.M.)[13] Trust runs M.Ed. College, B.Ed. College, Teacher Training Institute, Polytechnic For Catering Technology, Pharmacy College, Arts & Science College, Senior Higher Secondary School and K.R. Gouriamma Engineering College For Women.[14] The campus is situated in Valamangalam South village, 4 km east of Thuravoor - NH 47 junction. The institutions are affiliated with the Kerala University.[15]

St. Joseph's School of Pharmacy

Situated near Cherthala

ITIs,ITCs and Nursing Colleges

  • St.Joseph's ITI - Kurakanchanda, Thuravoor South
  • S.B College of Engineering & ITC Munisif Court Junction,Cherthala
  • Sobha ITC, K.R.Puram.P.O, Pallippuram
  • KVM Nursing College - KVM Hospital Cherthala
  • Sacred Heart Nursing College & Hospital - Mathilakam, Cherthala
  • EXCEL ITC south of private bus stand near st.marys G.H.school cherthala-688524 ph.0478-3251396

Co-operative Training Centre/College

This institute is under the management of State Co-operative Union Kerala. Co-operative training center and college functions here. Junior diploma in co-operation (JDC), Higher Diploma in Co-operation & Business Management (HDC&BM) are the courses conducted there. (Govt approved courses) qualifications:

  • for JDC - SSLC (medium: Malayalam/English)
  • for HDC&BM - any degree (medium: Malayalam/English)

(some of the seats are reserved for SC/ST, employees of co-operative societies& Govt. Departments)

The Subjects includes Co-operation, Types of Co-operative Societies and their functions, Co-operative Laws, Other Laws applicable to Co-operative societies, Co-operative Audit, Rural Development Management, Banking Accountancy Software Applications. The courses also include field studies and viva voce.

Other Educational Institutes

MGEF (Mahathma Gandhi Education Foundation)

Mahathma Gandhi Education Foundation[16] is one of the leading Educational Institution in South India with its Head Office at Cherthala. MGEF conducts Information Technology Courses (Multimedia, Animation, Programming, .NET, CAD Engineering, Hardware Courses, Web Designing Courses etc.), Fire and Safety Courses, Fashion Technology, Modeling, Management Courses, Electronics and Electrical Engineering Courses. MGEF has franchises or study centers all over Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. MGEF has international Offices in Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. MGEF provides 100% Placement "assistance" through its Online Placement Cell and through its International Office at Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. MGEF Head Office is at Gandhi Bhavan, North of Devi Temple, Cherthala, Kerala.

Schools in and around Cherthala

  • Bishop Moore Vidyapith, CMS Junction, Cherthala (CBSE school)
  • Our lady of mercy,aroor
  • Sree Rajarajeshwari English medium school,Kandamangalam
  • HSS Kandamangalam
  • Govt. Polytechnic College, Xray Jn., Cherthala Town[17]
  • Govt. Lower Primary School, Cherthala Town
  • Govt. Boys Higher secondary School, Cherthala Town
  • Govt. Girls Higher secondary School, Cherthala Town
  • Holy Family Higher secondary School, Muttom, Cherthala Town
  • St. Mary's Girls High School, Near Pvt. Bus Stand, Cherthala
  • St. Anns English Medium Higher Secondary School, Muttom, Cherthala
  • Naipunya School of Management Studies, West of Manorma Junction, Cherthala
  • St. Joseph Public School, Pattanakad, one of the oldest ICSE schools in Kerala

Public Utility services

Bank Name IFSC Location
The Muttom Service Co-operative Bank Ltd. NA Main Road, Cherthala, Kerala - 688524
Catholic Syrian Bank Ltd. CSBK0000084 Muttom Bazar, Cherthala
Dhanalakshmi Bank Ltd DLXB0000013 North Gate of Karthiayini Temple, Cherthala
Federal Bank Ltd FDRL0001095 Muttom Bazar, Cherthala
Syndicate Bank Ltd West of Gandhi Bazar Shopping Complex, Cherthala
Indian Bank Ltd West of Civil Station, St. Mary's School Road, Cherthala
HDFC Bank Ltd HDFC0001489 BNNP Building, Muttom Bazar, Cherthala
North Malabar Gramin Bank NA Nadakkavu Road, Muttom Bazar, Cherthala
Punjab National Bank PUNB0389400 Amritha Complex, Opp. K.S.R.T.C. Bus Station, Cherthala
South Indian Bank SIBL0000120 NSS Building, A.S. Road, Cherthala
State Bank of India SBIN0005046 Gandhi Bazar hopping Complex, Private Bus Stand, Cherthala
State Bank of India SBIN0011916 X-Ray, Bye Pass, Cherthala
State Bank of Travancore SBTR0000081 Court Junction, Cherthala
Union Bank of India UBIN0536091 Karunakara Building, A.C. Road, Cherthala
Vijaya Bank VIJB0002034 Opp. K.S.R.T.C. Bus Station, Cherthala
  • Movie Theaters in Cherthala Town- KSFDC's Chithranjali Movie theater Non A/C DTS (sound system),Paradise Cine House Non A/C DTS (sound system)
  • Local TV channels - KMCN and C-Vision -providing local news,local content and providing other satellite channels
  • Halls / Auditoriums in Cherthala Town - Municipal Town Hall, S.S. Kalamandir, S.S. Kalabhavan, NSS Auditorium, Brahmana Samooham Hall, Mahadeva Mandir-Velorvattom, Ashwini Residency Conference Hall
  • Parcel and Courier Services - ABT

Government and Judiciary offices

  • Office of the Cherthala Tehsildar
  • Election Commission of India Office | State Treasury | Land & Revenue Department | Land Registration Office
  • Regional Transport Office
  • First Class Judicial Magistrate Court | Munsif court
  • Office of the Deputy Superintendent of Kerala Police
  • Office of the Circle Inspector of Police -Cherthala Circle. First Among the stations to start the Janamaithri Police service of Kerala Police
  • Civil Supplies | Sub-District Education Department | Sales Tax Circle office | Excise Circle office | Kerala Water Authority | Public Works Department
  • Govt. Guest House | Govt. Employment Exchange
  • Cherthala Municipality Office | Village Office - Cherthala Village

Hospitals

  • Govt. Taluk Hospital, Cherthala
  • Agasthya Ayurvedic Medical Centre, Ezhupunna
  • SNMM Hospital, (aka X-Ray Hospital), Cherthala
  • Dharmagiri hospital, Cherthala
  • KVM Super-specialty Hospital with 24- Hr Accident Emergency care unit, Cherthala
  • Poochakkal Medical Centre (PMC), P.O. Poochakkal
  • Sacred Heart Hospital, Mathilakam
  • Lakshmi hospital, Aroor
  • Mercy hospital, Aroor
  • Karthika hospital, Aroor
  • Jeevans hospital with 24- Hr Accident Emergency care unit, Chandiroor
  • Moham Hospital, Chammanad
  • Nicholas hospital, Eramaloor
  • Santhi hospital, Kuthiathode
  • PHC, Aroor,
  • St. Sebastian's visitation hospital, Arthunkal
  • C.K.V HOSPITAL (ayurveda)estd.1952,Poochakkal p.o,cherthala
  • D S R Memmorial Old age Home and Geriatric Care Hospital, Mayithara, Cherthala
  • S V Hospital Cherthala, Near Private Bus stand, Nadakavu road
  • Kuncharath Vaidya Sala & Panchakarma Centre,Panavally

Drama/Theater troupes in Cherthala

  • Cherthala Jubilee Theatres -Ran by Late Rajan P.Dev
  • S.L. Puram Suyrasoma Theatres

Industries

  • Coir

Coir is the traditional and most popular industrial produce in Cherthala. Coir industry is run under both private and Cooperative sector. A politically well-organised coir workers and availability of raw coir fibre are the basic resources of coir industry in Cherthala. The big export housed have mechanised their plants with latest Hi-tech automated coir looms. They weave out tons of coir carpets,door mats and jute items every month both for exports. We can find exquisitely designed carpets and mats displayed in the showrooms along the NH-66. Some of the major coir manufactures in Cherthala are TMMC group -Chertala, Koncherry Coir Exporters, Maithara Coir house, Loomcraft, Charangattu Mats and Coir, Shertallai Coir Cooperative Society, MC MILLS, Kalavamkodam,[18] COMET EXPORTS, Cherthala.

  • Seafood Export
A seafood export processing plant at Aroor.The coldstorage shipment containers are seen in the front of the plant.

The coastal inland area of Cherthala is closely interlocked with the Kerala backwaters and Vembanad lake. This eco-system is utilized for large-scale prawn and shrimp farming as an alternative in the low-lying paddy fields. Secondly the Cochin fishing harbour and port is just 15 km away from Aroor.The abundance of marine wealth and logistical advantages has helped the seafood export to grow especially around Aroor, Chandiroor, Ezhupunna, Thuravoor, Arookutty. Shrimp, Squid, Cuttle fish and other fin fishes are some of the raw marine wealth processed and exported. There are many marine food processing units in these places which provide employment to large number of people. The raw seafood catch is also purchased by large seafood export firms from North Kerala, Kollam, South Karnataka, Orissa, Tamilnadu etc., processed and preserved in cold storages and then trans-shipped through Cochin port.

  • Heavy Engineering

SILK (Steel Industries Limited Kerala) -Maithara and Thuravoor. Proposed Indian Railways coach factory of will be coming up at Maithara.

  • Brewery

Mac-Downell's Breweries near Varanadu, Cherthala

  • Industrial Area

The industrial areas at Aroor and Maithara have many small/medium scale industrial units .The Kerala State Electronics Development Corporation Limited KELTRON has a control & instrumentation division running in Aroor.[19]

  • IT Park

An IT Info park complex and associated township is coming up near Pallipuram, 8 km North of Cherthala Town.[20]

Iinfopark Cherthala

Located in Pallipuram village, Cherthala taluk of Alappuzha District . Total area of the park is 66 acres of which 60 acres has been notified as a sector specific Special Economic Zone by the Ministry of Commerce, GoI vide notification dated 8 June 2009. Master plan has been developed by Ajit associates, Architects, Kochi. Six plots each measuring 4.5 to 5 acres for IT companies and co-developers and one plot of approx. 9 acres for commercial applications have been earmarked for long term leasing .The park will have own 110 kV substation, water treatment/ storage tanks, effluent treatment plant,power distribution facility,internal road system / walkways,drainage system etc. land scaping with water bodies will also be developed .

FACT SHEET: Project area: 66 Acres Location: Pallipuram, Cherthala, Alappuzha 30 km from Vyttila, Ernakulam Type of development: SEZ Basic infrastructure (power, water & roads) will be ready by March 2010. Power 15 MVA receives at 110kv and distributes at 11 kV. Construction power readily available. Facility for Common Water Treatment Plant. Good access roads to the park.

OFFERINGS: Land: 6 plots of around 5 acres Built up area: 2 lakh sft Plot for commercial complex: Around 10 acres.

Infopark Cherthala is the second spoke of Infopark Kochi to be launched after Infopark Koratty. It is part of the plan by the Kerala IT Department to expand its reach in a hub and spoke model. Infopark Cherthala is approximately 40 km from Infopark Kochi. It is planned on 66 acres, 60 acres of which have already been notified as Special Economic Zone (SEZ). The park will eventually have a total built-up area of 2.5 million sq. ft. and is expected to generate about 20,000 jobs.

Roads

Route display panel across NH-47 Near Aroor
  • NH 47 is the major road providing a four-lane motorway running across the Cherthala Taluk. NH-47 connects Cherthala to Cochin city at the North end and Alapuzha town at the south end. The Aroor-Kumbalam bridge is the longest railway bridge in South India, measuring 993 meters, and connects the Ernakulam District (at Kumbalam) with Alapuzha district (at Aroor) across the Vembanad lake. There are three bridges, two bridges carrying motor traffic on NH-47 and another carrying the single lane Alapuzha-Ernakulam Railway line. In the night, the panoramic view of South Cochin city is visible from the bridge against the foreground of backwaters. The old Aroormukkom-Edacochin bridge is also visible. On the sunny days, the Western ghat mountain ranges are also visible on the eastern side of the bridge. The Kollam-Kottapuram Inland waterway passes below this bridge en marked with navigation lamp buoys floating over the backwaters. A 24-hr Toll checkpost functions on both the ends of the motorway bridge. Except two-wheelers and authorised government vehicles, all other vehicles have to pay a nominal Toll charge to cross the bridge.
  • Cherthala -Kypuzhamuttu- Kottayam road (30 km) can be used to reach tourist destinations Kumarakom and obviously Kottayam.
  • Cherthala-Arookutty-Aroor road is another major road connecting the eastern villages lying along the shores of Vembanad Lake to the north end of the taluk and finally reaching NH 47 at Aroor.
  • Cherthala-Muhamma-Alapuzha road runs across the Tanneermukkom panchayat along the southeastern side of the taluk parallel to NH 47. One can get down at Kaipuram to reach the Pathiramanal bird sanctuary on this road.
  • Cherthala-Arthunkal-Tumboly beach road connects the coastal areas to Alapuzha.
  • Thanky-Andhakaranazhy-Pallithode-Chellanam beach road connects the taluk to the coastal area of Cochin city.

Inland Waterway

Cherthala lies between the Kottapuram-Kollam National Waterway 3 passing through the Vembanad lake. Prior to the coming of NH-47 the cargo and freight from Cochin market was transported in country boats through the Vembanad lake via the small lake diverting from Arukutty-Thycattuserry-Vayalar. Now these country boats are no more used for cargo transportation, instead converted into tourist floating houseboats. We can still find the canal running across the center of the town which was once busiest waterway. We can reach Vaikom by the Tavankadav-Vaikom ferry service covering approx 3.5 km across the Vembanad lake and joining the Kottayam district at Vaikom jetty. There are small inland waterways or rivers, which flow across the villages, still navigable through county boats. They transport coir, marine products, vegetables, paddy, sand, construction materials etc. where roads are inaccessible. Majority of these inland rivers flow from Vembanad Lake on the eastern side and merge into the azhi or sea near Anthakaranazhi on the west coast, crossing the NH-47 at different places.

Notable people

  • Mr. A. K. Antony- Thrice Chief minister of Kerala in UDF Ministry, Indian Defence Minister
  • Mr. Vellapally Natesan - General Secretary of SNDP Yogam
  • His Holiness Navajyothi Sree Karunakara Guru, the founder of Santhigiri Ashram
  • Mr. Vayalar Ravi - Former Home minister of Kerala in UDF Ministry, Union Cabinet Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs & Minister for Parliamentary Affairs
  • Smt. K. R. Gowri Amma - Revenue Minister in the first Kerala LDF ministry, initiated the revolutionary Land reforms in Kerala, Agriculture minister in Kerala UDF Ministry
  • Late Mr. Vayalar Ramavarma- Great Malayalam Poet and film lyricist
  • Mr. Rajeev Alunkal - Film Lyricist and Poet
  • Mr. Vayalar Sarath Chandra Varma - film lyricist
  • Mr. Riaz M T - Chairman, Mahathma Gandhi Education Foundation
  • Late Mr. Rajan P. Dev - Malayalam Film actor and Drama/Theater personality
  • Late Mr. S. L. Puram Sadanandan - Malayalam Playwright and film scriptwriter
  • Mr. Chelangatt Gopalakrishnan - Writer & Film Critic.
  • Mr. Joy J. Kaimaparamban - English & Malayalam Author.
  • Mr. Itty Achudan - The major contributor of ethno-medical information for the compilation of Hortus Malabaricus.
  • Palackal Thoma Malpan - Founder of the Carmelites of Mary Immaculate
  • Mgr. Joseph C. Panjikaran - Founder of the Medical Sisters of St. Joseph
  • P. J. Thomas, Polayil - Chief Secretary, Kerala
  • Ms. Radhika (Malayalam actress) - Malayalam cine actress

See also

Miscellaneous links

References


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