- Erskine Hamilton Childers
name = Erskine Childers
order = 4th
office = President of Ireland
termstart=25 June 1973
termend=17 November 1974
Éamon de Valera
Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh
date of birth = birth date|1905|12|11|df=y
place of birth =
date of death = death date and age|1974|11|17|1905|12|11|df=y
place of death=
Ruth Ellen Dow
profession = politician|
Erskine Hamilton Childers (11 December 1905 – 17 November 1974) served as the fourth
President of Irelandfrom 1973 until his death in 1974. He was a Teachta Dála(TD) from 1938 until 1973. Childers served as Minister for Posts and Telegraphs (1951–1954, 1959–1961, and 1966–1969), Minister for Lands (1957–1959), Minister for Transport and Power (1959–1969), and Minister for Health (1969–1973). He was appointed Tánaisteof the Republic of Irelandin 1969.
Robert Erskine Childerswas a leading Irish Republican and author of the espionage thriller " The Riddle of the Sands", and was executed during the Irish Civil War.
Childers was born in London, to a
Protestantfamily originally from Glendalough, Ireland. Although also born in England, his father, Robert Erskine Childers, had had an Irish mother and had been raised by an uncle in County Wicklow, and after the First World Wartook his family to live there. His mother, Mary Alden Childerswas a Bostonianthat was from a family directly related to the Mayflowerlanding in Plymouth, Massachusetts. Robert Erskine Childers and his wife, Mary, later emerged as prominent and outspoken Irish Republican opponents of the political settlement with Britain which resulted in the establishment of the Irish Free State. [Young , John, "Erskine H Childers" (Colin Smythe) (1985) ISBN 0861401956, pp. 5-7] Childers was educated at Gresham's School, Holt,"I Will Plant Me a Tree: an Illustrated History of Gresham's School" by S.G.G. Benson and Martin Crossley Evans (James & James, London, 2002)] and the University of Cambridge, hence his striking British upper class accent. In 1922, when Childers was sixteen, his father was executed by the new Irish Free State on politically-inspired charges of gun-possession. Before his execution, in a spirit of reconciliation, the older Childers obtained a promise from his son to seek out and shake the hand of every man who had signed the death warrant. [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,918512-2,00.html article] in Time magazine] After attending his father's funeral, Childers returned to Gresham's, then two years later he went on to Trinity College, Cambridge[http://www.trin.cam.ac.uk/index.php?pageid=425] .
After finishing his education, he worked for a period in a tourism board in Paris until the then Taoiseach of Ireland
Éamon de Valerainvited him back to Ireland to work for the Irish Press. He became a naturalised Irish citizen in 1938. A member of Fianna Fáil, he held a number of ministerial posts in the cabinets of Éamon de Valera, Seán Lemassand Jack Lynch, becoming Tánaistein 1969. Erskine's period as a minister was controversial. One commentator described his ministerial career as "spectacularly unsuccessful". Others praised his willingness to take tough decisions. He was outspoken in his opposition to Charles Haugheyin the aftermath of the Arms Crisis, when Haughey and another minister, both having been sacked, were sent for trial amid allegations of a plot to import arms for the Provisional IRA. (Haughey and the other minister, Neil Blaney, were both acquitted.)
In a political upset, Childers was elected the fourth President of Ireland on 30 May 1973, defeating
Tom O'Higginsby 635,867 votes to 578,771. Childers, though 67, was a vibrant, extremely hard-working president who earned universal respect and popularity, in the process making the office of President a highly visible and useful institution. However, he died suddenly of a heart attack in November 1974, while making a public speech to the Royal College of Physicians in Dublin.
Childers's state funeral in
St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, was attended by world leaders including the Earl Mountbattenof Burma (representing Queen Elizabeth II), the Prime Minister of the United Kingdomand leader of the Opposition, and presidents and crowned heads of state from Europe and beyond. He was buried in the grounds of the Church of IrelandDerralossary church in Roundwood, County Wicklow.
Initially it was expected that President Childers' popular widow, Rita, would be offered the office of president to continue his work, but it went instead to the former Chief Justice,
Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh.
Childers was survived by his second wife, Rita, and children from both his marriages. A son, Erskine Childers, by his first wife Ruth Ellen Dow, was a
UNcivil servant and Secretary General of the World Federation of United Nations Associations. A daughter by his second wife Rita, Nessa Childers, is a councillor for the Green Party on Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown County Council. His son, Rory W. Childers [http://www.uchospitals.edu/physicians/roderick-childers.html] , MD, is a practising cardiologist at The University of Chicago Hospital.
* Official Republic of Ireland, Presidential Bio : http://www.president.ie/index.php?section=34&lang=eng
John N. Young, "Erskine H. Childers: President of Ireland"
List of people on stamps of Ireland
* [http://www.igp-web.com/IGPArchives/1headstones/wicklow/wicklow-derralossary/target1.html Headstone at Derralossary Church]
title=Erskine Hamilton Childers
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