Geography of East Timor

Geography of East Timor
Map of East Timor indicating cities and principal roads.

This article describes the geography of East Timor.

Southeast Asia (or Oceania depending on definitions) [note A], northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago; note - East Timor includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Ocussi-Ambeno region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Atauro and Jaco
Geographic coordinates
8°50′S 125°55′E / 8.833°S 125.917°E / -8.833; 125.917
Map references
Southeast Asia, Wallacea
  • Total: 14,874 km²
  • Land: NA km²
  • Water: NA km²
Land boundaries
  • Total: 228 km (142 mi)
  • Border countries: Indonesia (228 km/142 mi)
6,789 km (4,218 mi)
Maritime claims
  • Contiguous zone: NA nmi
  • Extended fishing zone: NA nmi
  • Territorial sea: NA nmi
  • Exclusive fishing zone: NA nmi
  • Continental shelf: NA nmi
  • Exclusive economic zone: NA nmi


Tropical; hot, humid; distinct rainy and dry seasons
Elevation extremes
Natural resources
Gold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble
Land use
  • Arable land: NA%
  • Permanent crops: NA%
  • Other: NA%
Irrigated land
1,065 km2 (411 sq mi) (est.)
Natural hazards
Floods and landslides are common; earthquakes, tsunamis
Environment - current issues
Widespread use of slash and burn agriculture has led to deforestation and soil erosion
Environment - international agreements
Geography - note
Timor is the Malay word for "Orient"; the island of Timor is part of the Malay Archipelago and is the largest and easternmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands. It was a portuguese territory until 1975, when it was invaded by Indonesia.
East Timor is the only Asian nation to lie entirely within the Southern Hemisphere.


  • Much of the material in this article is adapted from the CIA World Factbook 2000 and 2003.

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