- John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl
John Murray, 1st Marquess and 2nd Earl of Atholl, Viscount Glenalmond, KT (
May 2 1631– May 6 1703) was a leading Scottish royalist and defender of the Stuarts during the English Civil Warof the 1640s, until after the rise to power of William and Mary in 1689. He succeeded as Earl of Athollon his father's demise in June 1642.
The son of
John Murray, 1st Earl of Atholl(cr.1629) by his wife Jane, daughter of Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy, he was, in 1653, a chief supporter of the 8th Earl of Glencairn's rising to power in opposition to English plans to incorporate Scotland into the Commonwealth and devoted 2000 men to the battle. He was eventually obliged to surrender the following year to George Monck, the victorious Commonwealth commander.
In 1660, Murray became a privy councillor, obtained a charter of the hereditary office of sheriff of
Fifeand in 1663 was appointed Lord President of the Court of Session. Murray became the first captain-general of the Royal Company of Archersin 1670. In 1672 he became Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotlandand on 14 January 1673became an Extraordinary Lord of Session.
In 1670 he succeeded to the earldom of Tullibardine on the death of his cousin, the 4th Earl and was created
Marquess of Atholland Viscount Glenalmond on 7 February 1676. Glorious Revolution
In 1678, Murray temporarily lost royal favour by counselling moderation concerning the measures taken against the
Covenanters, but fought vigorously against the 8th Earl of Argyll in the Monmouth Rebellionof 1685 and was instrumental in defeating him. Murray showed to be lukewarm to the accession of William III, though allowed his troops to be used at the Battle of Killiecrankieagainst the supporters of the new king and was knighted in 1687. Ironically, given Murray's rumoured Jacobite leanings but public opposition to the group, his grandson, Lord George Murray became a famed general of the Jacobites and was responsible for their success throughout the greater part of the 1745 uprising.
Murray was described by Lord Macaulay as "the falsest, the most fickle, the most pusillanimous of mankind."
5 May 1659, Lord Atholl married Lady Amelia Stanley, only daughter of the James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derbyand Charlotte Stanley, Countess of Derby. They had twelve children, but the youngest four died young:
John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl( 24 February 1660– 14 November 1724), eldest son and heir, married (1) Lady Catherine Douglas-Hamilton, (2) Lady Mary Ross.
Charles Murray, 1st Earl of Dunmore( 24 February 1661– 19 April 1710), married Catherine Watts.
*James Murray (1663-1719), married Anne Murray of Glenmuir.
William Murray, 2nd Lord Nairne(1664- 3 February 1726), married Margaret Nairne.
*Lady Charlotte Murray (1663-1735), married Thomas Cooper. No issue.
*Lady Amelia Murray (1666-1743), married 1.
Hugh Fraser, 9th Lord Lovat; 2. Simon Fraser of Beaufort
*Sir Mungo Murray (1668-1700). He was murdered; died unmarried with no issue.
*Lord Edward Murray (1669-1743), married Katherine Skene.
*Lord Henry Murray (b. 1670), died young.
*Lady Jane Murray, died young.
*Lady Katherine Murray (1672-1689), died young.
*Lord George Murray (1673-1691), died young.
* Brown, Peter, publisher, "The Peerage of Scotland", Edinburgh, 1834, pps:62-64.
* [http://www.thepeerage.com/p2215.htm thePeerage.com] - Details on genealogy of Murray and connected figures.
* [http://www.tartans.com/modules.php.srl.op+modload,name+News,file+article,sid+291,mode+thread,order+0,thold+0.html Tartans.com] - Article on Clan Murray history.
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John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl — KT , PC (24 February 1660 ndash;14 November 1724) was a Scottish nobleman and politician.He was born in 1660 to the 2nd Earl of Atholl and his wife, the former Lady Amelia Stanley. His maternal grandparents were the 7th Earl of Derby and the… … Wikipedia
Atholl, John Murray, 2nd marquess and 1st duke of, marquess of Tullibardin, earl of Strathtay and Strathardle, viscount of Balwhidder, Glenalmond, and Glenlyon, Lord Murray, Balvenie, and Gask — ▪ Scottish noble born February 24, 1660, Knowsley, Lancashire, England died November 14, 1724, Huntingtower, Perth, Scotland a leading Scottish supporter of William and Mary and of the Hanoverian succession. Son of the 1st marquess of … Universalium
Atholl, John Murray, 2nd earl and 1st marquess of, earl of Tullibardin, viscount of Balquhidder, Lord Murray, Balvany, and Gask — ▪ Scottish Royalist born May 2, 1631 died May 6, 1703 a leading Scottish Royalist and defender of the Stuarts from the time of the English Civil Wars (1642–51) until after the accession of William (William III) and Mary (Mary II) (1689).… … Universalium
James Murray, 2nd Duke of Atholl — KT, PC (28 September 1690 ndash;8 January 1764) was a Scottish peer and a patron of Niel Gow, the Scottish fiddler and composer.James was born in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1690, the son of the John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl. From 1715 to 1724, he… … Wikipedia
Charles Murray, 1st Earl of Dunmore — For other uses, see Charles Murray. Charles Murray, 1st Earl of Dunmore (1661–1710) was a British peer, previously Lord Charles Murray. The second son of John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl, he rose to become a general in the British Army and was … Wikipedia
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Duke of Atholl — See also: Earl of Atholl Arms of His Grace the Duke of Atholl Duke of Atholl, alternatively Duke of Athole, named after Atholl in Scotland, is a title in the Peerage of Scotland held by the head of Clan Murray. It was created by Queen Anne in… … Wikipedia
William Murray Nairne — (1657 1730).He was descended from Sir Robert Nairne of Strathord (c. 1620 1683) and Margaret Graham. Robert was a supporter of Charles II, who was created Baron Nairne in 1681. After his death without issue the barony passed to his son in law,… … Wikipedia
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