- Glottal consonant
Glottal consonants are
consonants articulated with the glottis. Many phoneticians consider them, or at least the so-called fricatives, to be transitional states of the glottis without a point of articulation as other consonants have; in fact, some do not consider them to be consonants at all. However, the glottal stop at least behaves as a typical consonant in languages such as Tsou.
Glottal consonants in the
International Phonetic Alphabet:
The "fricatives" are not true fricatives. This is a historical usage of the word. They instead represent transitional states of the glottis (
phonation) without a specific place of articulation. IPA| [h] is a voiceless transition. IPA| [ɦ] is a breathy-voiced transition, and could be transcribed as IPA| [h̤] .
glottal stopoccurs in many languages. Often all vocalic onsets are preceded by a glottal stop, for example in German. The Hawaiian languagewrites the glottal stopas an opening single quote ‘. Some alphabets use diacritics for the glottal stop, such as hamza <ء> in the Arabic alphabet; in many languages of Mesoamerica, the Latin letter is used for glottal stop.
Because the glottis is necessarily closed for the
glottal stop, it cannot be voiced.
Place of articulation
List of phonetics topics
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Look at other dictionaries:
Glottal — can mean: *related to the glottis. *related to the vocal folds. *glottal consonant. *related to glottalization … Wikipedia
glottal stop — ► NOUN ▪ a consonant formed by the audible release of the airstream after complete closure of the glottis … English terms dictionary
Consonant — Not to be confused with the musical concept of consonance For the alternative rock group, see Consonant (band). Places of articulation Labial Bilabial Labial–velar Labial–coronal Labiodental … Wikipedia
Glottal stop — This article is about the sound in spoken language. For the letter, see glottal stop (letter). Pronunciation, and representation in phonetics/linguisticsThe glottal stop, or more fully, the voiceless glottal plosive, is a type of consonantal… … Wikipedia
glottal stop — noun a stop consonant articulated by releasing pressure at the glottis; as in the sudden onset of a vowel • Syn: ↑glottal plosive, ↑glottal catch • Hypernyms: ↑stop consonant, ↑stop, ↑occlusive, ↑plosive consonant, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
glottal catch — noun a stop consonant articulated by releasing pressure at the glottis; as in the sudden onset of a vowel (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑glottal stop, ↑glottal plosive • Hypernyms: ↑stop consonant, ↑stop, ↑occlusive, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
glottal plosive — noun a stop consonant articulated by releasing pressure at the glottis; as in the sudden onset of a vowel • Syn: ↑glottal stop, ↑glottal catch • Hypernyms: ↑stop consonant, ↑stop, ↑occlusive, ↑plosive consonant, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
glottal stop — Phonet. 1. a plosive consonant whose occlusion and release are accomplished chiefly at the glottis, as in the Scottish articulation of the t sound of little, bottle, etc. 2. a stop consonant, without release, having glottal occlusion as a… … Universalium
consonant — I (Roget s IV) n. Linguistic terms referring to consonant sounds include: voiceless, voiced; labial, bilabial, labiodental, apical, dental, alveolar, retroflex, frontal, alveopalatal, prepalatal, dorsal, palatal, velar, uvular, glottal,… … English dictionary for students
consonant — Synonyms and related words: accented, accordant, according, affirmative, agreeable, agreeing, alike, allophone, alveolar, answerable, apical, apico alveolar, apico dental, articulated, articulation, aspiration, assimilated, assimilation, assonant … Moby Thesaurus