- Lake Balaton
lake_name = Lake Balaton
image_lake = Balaton_Hungary_Landscape.jpg
coords = coord|46|50|N|17|44|E|type:waterbody_region:HU|display=inline,title
type = Rift lake
catchment = 5,181 km²
basin_countries = Hungary
length = 77 km
width = 14 km
area = 592 km²
depth = 3.2 m
max-depth = 12.2 m
volume = 1.9 km³
residence_time = 2 years
shore = 236 km
elevation = 104.8 m
Keszthely, Siófok, Balatonfüred("see list)")
Lake Balaton, located in
Hungary, is the largest lake in Central Europe[cite web|title=Lake Balaton|publisher="Encyclopædia Britannica"|url=http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9011913/Lake-Balaton|accessdate=2008-03-20] , and one of the foremost regional tourist destinations. Due to Hungary being landlocked, it is often affectionately called the "Hungarian Sea". The Zala Riverprovides the largest inflow of water to the lake, and the canalized Sióis the only outflow.With a surface area of 592 km² has a length of 77 km and a width ranging from 4 to 14 km. The lake's surface is 104 m above sea level, and its depth varies up to 12.2 m (mean depth is 3.2 m).
In Hungarian, the lake is known as "Balaton" (nicknamed "Balcsi", and sometimes "The Hungarian Sea"); in Latin as "Lacus Pelso", in German as "Plattensee", in Slovak as "Blatenské jazero" and in Croatian and Serbian as "Blatno Jezero".
Its name means approximately "muddy lake" in Slavic ("blato" means "mud" in South-Slavic from earlier Pan-Slavic "bolto"). The Hungarian name "Balaton", is also derived from the original Slavic name (Slavic neutrum adjective "boltьno(-je ezero)" = "muddy (lake)"), but it has no concrete meaning today in Hungarian.
The Romans called the lake "Lacus Pelso", that is to say "shallow lake" in the
Latin language. Germanic peoples that have been living in the area through the centuries called it "Plattensee", with the same meaning as in Latin.
Lake Balaton affects the local area precipitation per annum. The area receives approximately two to three inches (5-7 cm) more precipitation than most of
Hungary, resulting in more cloudy days, and less extreme temperatures. The lake's surface freezes during colder winters. Lake Balaton region's climate has also made it ideal for growing grapes to make wine. Secondary radiation is emitted from the lake doubling the amount of sunlight that the grapes vines of the region receive. The Mediterraneanclimate combined with the soil (containing volcanic rock) has made the region notable for its production of wines since the Roman period two thousand years ago. [http://www.itthon.hu/images/mtrt/tartalom/balaton/english/balatoni_borkalauz.html]
The major resorts around the lake are
Siófok, Keszthelyand Balatonfüred. Siófok is known often as the "Party Capital of Hungary", which attracts many young party goers in summer due to its numerous large discos. Keszthely is the site of the famous Festetics Palaceand Balatonfüred is a historical bathing town home to the annual Anna Ball.
The high tourist season extends from June until the end of August. The average water temperature during the summer is 25°C, which makes bathing and swimming possible. Most of the beaches consist of either grass, rocks or the silty sand that also makes up most of the bottom of the lake. Many resorts have artificial sandy beaches and all beaches have step access to the water. Other tourist attractions include sailing, fishing and other water sports, as well as visiting the countryside and hills; wineries on the north coast and night life on the south shore. The
TihanyPeninsula is an historical district. Badacsonyis a famous volcanic mountain and wine growing region as well as a lakeside resort.
Although the peak season at the lake is the summer, lovers of Balaton think that it is also worth visiting the lake in winter, when you can go fishing through ice-holes, or, if the ice is thick enough, brave visitors can even skate, sledge or ice-sail on the lake.
Balaton is served by
Sármellék International Airport[http://www.flybalaton.com] . There are scheduled flights from Berlin, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Copenhagen, Zürichand London Stansted. The lake is also accessible via charter flights from Hamburg, Düsseldorf, Billundand Moscow.
Chief resorts include:
Badacsony- Balatonalmádi- Balatonboglár- Balatonfüred- Balatonlelle- Fonyód- Keszthely- Siófok- Tihany- Vonyarcvashegy
* The Hungarian government has started a campaign of promoting Balaton as a holiday place for young people. There is a slightly controversial promotional cartoon on the official Balaton tourist page depicting a man who meets a young blonde girl and makes love to her on a boat while hiding his wedding ring. [ [http://abalatoninyar.fw.hu/ Balaton Hungarian Tourist Website] ]
Operation Frühlingserwachenwas conducted in the region of Lake Balaton in March 1945, being referred to as "the Lake Balaton Offensive" in many British histories of the Second World War. The battle was a German counterattack by Sepp Dietrich's 6.SS-Panzerarmee between March 6, 1945 and March 16, 1945 and resulted in a Red Army victory.
Ilyushin Il-2wrecks have been pulled out of the lake, remnants of the Soviet Air Force.
Towns and villages
From east to west:
Balatonfőkajár- Balatonakarattya- Balatonkenese- Balatonfűzfő- Balatonalmádi- Alsóörs- Paloznak- Csopak- Arács- Balatonfüred- Tihany- Aszófő- Örvényes- Balatonudvari- Fövenyes- Balatonakali- Zánka- Balatonszepezd- Szepezdfürdő- Révfülöp- Pálköve- Ábrahámhegy- Balatonrendes- Badacsonytomaj- Badacsony- Badacsonytördemic- Szigliget- Balatonederics- Balatongyörök- Vonyarcvashegy- Gyenesdiás- Keszthely
From east to west:
Balatonakarattya- Balatonaliga- Balatonvilágos- Sóstó- Szabadifürdo- Siófok- Széplak- Zamárdi- Szántód- Balatonföldvár- Balatonszárszó- Balatonszemes- Balatonlelle- Balatonboglár- Fonyód- Bélatelep- Balatonfenyves- Balatonmáriafürdő- Balatonkeresztúr- Balatonberény- Fenékpuszta
Geography of Hungary
* [http://kep.tar.hu/sneci/27669521?o=0#2 A picture gallery]
* [http://erdekeshonlapok.maxima.hu/re/57856187ecd91b Balaton - World Lake Database] (English)
* [http://www.steinblume.hu/balatongyorok.html Pictures of Balatongyörök] - Pictures of Balatongyörök
* [http://www.seeuinhungary.com/location/balaton.htm Lake Balaton on SeeUinHungary.com]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Lake Balaton — noun a large shallow lake in western Hungary • Syn: ↑Balaton, ↑Plattensee • Instance Hypernyms: ↑lake • Part Holonyms: ↑Hungary, ↑Republic of Hungary, ↑Magyarorszag … Useful english dictionary
Lake Balaton (Hungary) — Hotels: Admiral Hotel Keszthely (Keszthely) Annabella Hotel Balatonfured (Balatonfured / Lake Edge) Aranypart Hotel Siofok (Siofok / Lake Edge) Azur Hotel Siofok (Siofok / Lake Edge) Carbona Hotel He … International hotels
Ramada Hotel & Resort Lake Balaton — (Балатональмади,Венгрия) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес … Каталог отелей
Azur Hotel Siofok (Lake Balaton) — Azur Hotel Siofok country: Hungary, city: Lake Balaton (Siofok / Lake Edge) Azur Hotel Siofok Location Set in 6 hectares of parkland, the Azur Hotel with its own sandy beach is situated in the heart of Siofok and is directly on the shores of Lake … International hotels
Annabella Hotel Balatonfured (Lake Balaton) — Annabella Hotel Balatonfured country: Hungary, city: Lake Balaton (Balatonfured / Lake Edge) Annabella Hotel Balatonfured Whether you are on a relaxing holiday or travelling on business, the Annabella Hotel Balatonfured is the perfect place for… … International hotels
Aranypart Hotel Siofok (Lake Balaton) — Aranypart Hotel Siofok country: Hungary, city: Lake Balaton (Siofok / Lake Edge) Aranypart Hotel Siofok Offering comfortable accommodation and friendly staff, Aranypart Hotel Siofok is an ideal place to stay and to enjoy the Lake Balaton.Location … International hotels
Danubius Thermal Hotel Aqua Heviz (Lake Balaton) — Danubius Thermal Hotel Aqua Heviz country: Hungary, city: Lake Balaton (Heviz) Danubius Thermal Hotel Aqua Heviz In the heart of Heviz, the Danubius Thermal Hotel Aqua is only 300 meters away from Lake Heviz. Central Europe s largest lake, Lake… … International hotels
Admiral Hotel Keszthely (Lake Balaton) — Admiral Hotel Keszthely country: Hungary, city: Lake Balaton (Keszthely) Admiral Hotel Keszthely A good quality hotel with friendly staff, close to the beautiful Lake Balaton, Admiral Hotel Keszthely feels like a home.Location The hotel is… … International hotels
Hunguest Helios Claudia Hotel Heviz (Lake Balaton) — Hunguest Helios Claudia Hotel Heviz country: Hungary, city: Lake Balaton (Heviz) Hunguest Helios Claudia Hotel Heviz Heviz is a spa resort of international fame that developed around Europe s largest hot water lake. The temperature of the lake is … International hotels
Danubius Thermal Hotel Heviz (Lake Balaton) — Danubius Thermal Hotel Heviz country: Hungary, city: Lake Balaton (Heviz) Danubius Thermal Hotel Heviz The Danubius Thermal Hotel is situated in the heart of Heviz and just 500 meters away from Lake Heviz. The Lake Balaton, which is Central… … International hotels