- Non-Aligned News Agencies Pool
The Non-Aligned News Agencies Pool (NANAP) was a cooperation system among news agencies of Non-Aligned countries, which lasted from 1975 to mid-1990s. The NANAP was initially led, funded, and supported by Yugoslavia's Tanjug, and gathered many state-owned news organizations, especially in Africa and Southern Asia.
It was also known by many different translations, such as the News Agencies Pool of Non-Aligned Countries, the Consorce of Non-Aligned News Agencies, and the Common Agency of Non-Aligned Countries.
The NANAP was founded in late 1974 and started operations in January, 1975, initially with a series of wires with statements and congratulations by their supporting heads of state. The idea responded to many calls for a new balance in world news made since early 1970s by the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) during the debates for a New World Information and Communication Order (NWICO). Later, these discussions would be hosted by the UNESCO and would culminate in the approval of the MacBride Report in its 20th conference in Belgrade, 1980.
In the meantime, the NANAP operated as an international, collaborative, charges-free, and institutional cooperation between news agencies of the Third World. Its main goal was to provide their own mass media channels with news which would be unbiased — or, at most, biased with their own worldview — and offer a counter-hegemonical report on world news concerning developing nations.
Tanjug, specifically, had a leading role not only by hosting and lending equipment, technicians, and training journalists from underdeveloped, poorer countries, but also by taking into the system its own self-management model. Although the Pool had no official headquarters, most of the operations in the first years were held in Belgrade.
The NANAP began a slow decline after 1980, when NWICO talks were moved to the UN framework, under the UNESCO. But, after both the USA and the United Kingdom retreated their memberships from the organization, the initiative lost financial support and suffered a boycott by pro-free-market Western institutions.
Also in 1980, Marshal Tito died, and the new leaderships in Yugoslavia deviated focus to other priorities. In the same year, Iraq and Iran started their 8-years war and the NANAP was used as a mean by both INA and IRNA to circulate propaganda warfare.
Although mostly inactive, the Pool was officially led by IRNA until mid-1990s and then by Malaysia's Bernama until 2005, when a ministerial conference of Information by the Non-Aligned Movement called on the creation of a Non-Aligned News Network to resurrect the NANAP.
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