- Prime Minister of Iceland
Iceland's head of government. The prime minister is formally appointed by the President and exercises executive power along with the cabinet subject to parliamentary support. Incumbent prime minister is Geir Haarde, leader of the Independence Party. He took office on June 15, 2006.
List of Prime Ministers of Iceland
Prime Minister of The Home rule (1904-1917)
Prime Ministers of Iceland (1917-Present)
Note about the coloring: Every combination which appears at least twice has been assigned a color. The Conservative Party is an ancestor of the Independence Party and here counted as such.
Note about Magnús Guðmundsson: Jón Magnússon died
23 June 1926. Magnús Guðmundsson acted as PM until Jón Þorláksson could be reached. Officially the third cabinet of Jón Magnússon is said to have been in office until 8 July 1926, but as the PM was dead, it seemed proper to include the acting PM in the list.
*CiP: Citizens' Party ("Borgaraflokkurinn"). Extinct.
*CP: Conservative Party ("Íhaldsflokkurinn"). Extinct.
*HP: Home Rule Party ("Heimastjórnarflokkurinn"). Extinct.
*IP: Independence Party ("
*LL: Association of Liberals and Leftists ("Samtök frjálslyndra og vinstri manna"). Extinct.
*OIP: The old Independence Party (no relation to the current one). "OIP langsum" and "OIP þversum" denote two fractions that split the party at one time. Extinct.
*PA: The People's Alliance ("Alþýðubandalagið"). Extinct.
*PP: The Progressive Party ("
*SD: Social Democrats (""Alþýðuflokkurinn""). Extinct.
*SDA: Social Democratic Alliance (""Samfylkingin").
*SP: Socialists ("Sósíalistaflokkurinn"). Extinct.
*UP: Union Party ("Sambandsflokkurinn"). Extinct.
All but three parties are labelled extinct. That only means that they no longer exist under those names. Apart from the Independence Party, the Progressive Party and the Social Democratic Alliance, the following possess parliamentary seats: The Left-Green Movement ("
Vinstri hreyfingin - grænt framboð", mostly former Socialists) and The Liberal Party (" Frjálslyndi flokkurinn", a split from the Independence Party). Those last two have never been in government in their current incarnations.
List of Icelandic rulers
* [http://eng.forsaetisraduneyti.is/ official website]
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