- Special Broadcasting Service
network_name = Special Broadcasting Service (SBS)
slogan = Six Billion Stories and counting...
country = flagcountry|Australia
network_type = Broadcast
Government of Australia
available = National
key_people = Carla Zampatti, Chairman; Gerald Stone, Deputy Chairman
launch_date = 1975 (Radio)
2001 (Digital TV)
website = [http://www20.sbs.com.au/sbs_front/index.html www.sbs.com.au]
The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) is one of two government-funded Australian
public broadcastingradio and television networks, the other being the Australian Broadcasting Corporation(ABC). The stated purpose of SBS is "to provide multilingual and multicultural radio and television services that inform, educate and entertain all Australians and, in doing so, reflect Australia's multiculturalsociety" [http://www.sbs.com.au/sbscorporate/index.html?id=380 SBS: Frequently Asked Questions] SBS Corporation, accessed 26 May 2007] .
In 1975, the Australian Government introduced the
Medibankhealth-insurance scheme. Concerns that minority communities might require details in their own languages led to the establishment of two ethnic radio stations, 2EA in Sydneyand 3EA in Melbourne. These started broadcasting in June 1975, seven and eight foreign languages, respectively.
The following year, the Government created the Consultative Committee on Ethnic Broadcasting. Following the recommendation of this and subsequent committees, the "Broadcasting and Television Act 1942" was amended to found the Special Broadcasting Service. This legislation came into force on 1 January 1978, with the new broadcaster taking responsibility for 2EA and 3EA [http://www20.sbs.com.au/sbscorporate/index.php?id=1201 SBS: History] SBS Corporation, accessed 26 May 2007] .
SBS TVbegan test transmissions in April 1979 when it showed various foreign language programs on ABV-2Melbourne and ABN-2Sydney on Sunday mornings. Full-time transmission began at 6.30pm on October 24, 1980 ( United Nations Day), as Channel 0/28. At the time, SBS was broadcasting on UHFChannel 28 and VHFChannel 0, with a planned discontinuation of the latter at some time in the future. Bruce Gyngell, who introduced television to Australia back in 1956, was given the task of introducing the first batch of programs on the new station.
On October 16, 1983, the service expanded into
Canberra, Cooma, and Goulburn and, at the same time, changed its name to Network 0-28. Its new slogan was the long-running "Bringing the World Back Home". The network changed its name to SBS on the 18th February, 1985, and began daytime transmissions. SBS expanded to Brisbane, Adelaide, Newcastle, Wollongong and the Gold Coast in the June of that year.
On January 5, 1986, SBS ceased broadcasting on the
VHF0 frequency. Although many Australians at the time did not have UHF antennas, SBS's VHF license had already been extended by a year at this stage and not all antennas had worked well with the low-frequency Channel 0 either [ [http://televisionau.siv.net.au/sbs20.htm The History of Australian Television: SBS Television] , accessed 22 May 2007] .
In August 1986, the Government proposed legislation that would merge SBS into the ABC. This was highly unpopular with ethnic communities, leading Prime Minister
Bob Hawketo announce in 1987 that the proposed amalgamation would not proceed. The SBS Youth Orchestra is launched in August, 1987 with founding conductor Matthew Krel.
Plans to introduce limited commercial-program sponsorship, and the establishment of SBS as an independent corporation with its own Charter were put in place in July, 1989. The proclamation of the "Special Broadcasting Service Act 1991" officially made SBS a corporation in 1991. Throughout the early 1990s,
SBS TVcoverage is expanded further to include new areas such as the Latrobe Valley, Spencer Gulf, Darwin, north-east Tasmania, Cairnsand Townsville.
In 1992, the SBS' radio and television facilities were gradually moved to new headquarters in
Artarmon, New South Walesfrom its original studios at Milson's Point. The new building was officially opened in November, 1993 by Prime Minister Paul Keating. A national radio network was launched in January, 1994. The new service initially covered Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth and Darwin, while original stations 2EA and 3EA were renamed Radio Sydney and Radio Melbourne, respectively. The new national service was launched on a separate frequency in Sydney and Melbourne in July of that year. Throughout 1996, radio services were expanded to cover Hobartand Canberra, while SBS TV's coverage was further expanded to include the New South Walesnorth coast and Albury. South Park, SBS' most successful television series was first shown on the network in 1998. A time-delay system was installed for South Australiain May 1999, shortly before the establishment of the Transmission Services division (intended to manage transmission and self-help services). A New Media division, responsible for the SBS website, was established at the start of 2000, in time for the first webcastof the AFI Awards. Ratings continued to increase through 2000 to 2001 - increasing to an overall 5.2 per cent average weekly audience share.
Four languages were dropped, and four added, from SBS Radio in April, 2003, while hours for Cantonese, Mandarin and
Arabic languagebroadcasts (amongst others) were increased. SBS broadcast the 2004 Athens Olympics in partnership with the Seven Network.SBS will broadcast the Euro 2008in Austriaand Switzerland.
Tagalog, Vietnamese, and
Arabic languagebroadcasts were added to SBS' "WorldWatch" television schedule in 2003. [cite web | title = SBS Timeline | url = http://www20.sbs.com.au/sbscorporate/index.php?id=1201 | publisher = Special Broadcasting Service| accessed = 2007-05-20] . The Vietnamese service, taken from the government-controlled channel VTV4, was protested against by the Vietnamese community, many of whom found the bulletin's portrayal of the communistVietnamese flag and Ho Chi Minhoffensive. The Vietnamese Community of Australia, claimed that the program's lack of reports on political arrests and religious oppression were also offensive, especially to those who fled the country following the Vietnam War[cite web | title = Crunch time for SBS over Vietnamese news bulletin | url = http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2003/12/01/1070127351359.html?from=storyrhs | publisher = Sydney Morning Herald| date = 2003-12-02 | accessed = 2007-05-20] .
The backlash resulting from these events prompted SBS to begin showing disclaimers before all externally-produced bulletins, distancing the broadcaster from each bulletin's editorial content.
On May 2008, SBS unveiled a new look logo, as well as a new slogan "Six Billion Stories and counting". [ [http://www20.sbs.com.au/sbscorporate/index.php?id=1248 SBS: Six Billion Stories and counting] SBS Corporation, accessed 8 May 2008]
SBS Radiobroadcasts in 68 languages in all Australian states, producing an estimated 13,500 hours of Australian programming for its two frequencies in Sydneyand Melbourneas well as its national network. Much like SBS TV, SBS radio is funded by a mix of government grants, paid-for government information campaigns and commercial advertising [http://www.radio.sbs.com.au/index.php?page=ab About SBS Radio] ] .SBS Radio will broadcast the Euro 2008in Austriaand Switzerland.
SBS TVis available nationally through a network of terrestrial transmitters in addition to the Optus Aurorasatellite service. SBS TV devotes a significant part of its morning television schedule to news bulletins in languages other than English [ [http://22.214.171.124/news/worldwatch/worldwatch.php3 SBS - WorldWatch] , accessed 20 May 2007] as well as showing many subtitled, foreign-language films. Its own news and current affairs aim to have a higher concentration on international affairs than the ABC or the commercial networks. It also shows many documentaries and current-affairs programs, while its sports coverage has a strong focus on international sports, primarily football (soccer)and cycling (especially the Tour de France) - often leading the station to be lampooned as "Sex and Bloody Soccer" or "Sex Between Soccer".
At the end of 2006, SBS began showing ad breaks during programs [http://www20.sbs.com.au/sbscorporate/index.php?id=1214 Commercials and Promotions FAQ] ] [ [http://www20.sbs.com.au/sbscorporate/index.php?id=1216 SBS to Bolster News and Current Affairs. Increase Australian Content] SBS Corporation, June 2006] , a move which was intended to increased funding for the commission of multi-cultural drama and documentaries, and to support
World News Australia's shift to a one-hour format, a change unpopular with many viewers [ [http://dailyflute.com/?p=1072 Daily Flute: SBS advertisements] accessed 26 May] .
Regardless of state or territory, SBS television services always use the callsign 'SBS'. In capital cities, SBS is broadcast on UHF channel 28, while regional and
digital televisionis on a range of frequencies.
SBS World News Channel, SBS Essential"Much like the ABC, SBS has been one of the most progressive networks with regard to digital broadcasting, primarily due to government restrictions on commercial multi-channeling. Since 2001, SBS TVhas been broadcast via digital television to Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth and Canberra, and since 2003, in Darwin.
SBS broadcasts a second digital channel, the
SBS World News Channel- launched in 2002 - which broadcasts a mix of foreign-language news bulletins similar to SBS TV's morning WorldWatchtimeslot. Despite being available nationally through digital terrestrial television, the channel is unavailable on the Optus Aurorasatellite platform.
SBS is one of the world's largest subtitling organisations, producing subtitles not just for films to be shown on its own television channel, but also for foreign film and documentary producers around the world. Services include translation from English to other languages, and from foreign languages to other languages, as well as to English [ [http://www.sbs.com.au/subtitling/ SBS Subtitling] SBS Corporation, accessed 20 May] .
Through its Language Services unit, SBS also provides a range of translation, typesetting, and voiceover services. [ [http://www20.sbs.com.au/language/index.php?id=11 SBS Language Services] SBS Corporation, accessed 26 May] .
The network provides a rehearsal venue for the
SBS Radio and Television Youth Orchestra, an orchestra that records many broadcasts for the network and tours regularly overseas.
SBS World News Channel
* [http://www.sbs.com.au Official Site]
* [http://www.sbs.com.au/transmission/transmission.html SBS Transmitter Site Locations and Frequencies]
* [http://www.sbsyo.org.au/ SBS Youth Orchestra]
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