- Smith (metalwork)
A smith, or metalsmith, is a person involved in the shaping of
In pre-industrialized times, smiths held high or special social standing since they supplied the metal
tools needed for farming(especially the plough) and warfare. This social standing might be a reasonFact|date=September 2008 for the prevalence of "Smith" as an English family name (and similar names in other languages, such as German " Schmidt").
Etymology of smith
The word "smith" is
cognatewith the somewhat archaic English word, "smite", meaning "to hit" or "to strike". Originally, "smiths" practiced their craftsby forming metalwith hammer blows.
As an English
suffix, "-smith" connotes a meaning of specialized craftsmen — for example, "wordsmith" and "tunesmith" are nouns synonymous with writeror songwriter, respectively.
Types of smiths
Types of smiths include:
blacksmithworks with ironand steel; (this is what is usually meant when referring just to "Smith")
arrowsmithforges arrow heads;
bladesmithforges knives, swords, and other blades;
coppersmith, or brownsmith, works with copper;
fendersmithmakes and repairs the metal fender before fireplaces, protecting rugs and furniture in mansions and fine estates, and frequently cares for the fires as well;
goldsmithworks with gold;
gunsmithworks with guns;
locksmithworks with locks;
pewtersmithworks with pewter;
silversmith, or brightsmith, works with silver;
tinsmith, tinner, or tinker works with light metal(such as tinware) and can refer to someone who deals in tinware;
swordsmithis a bladesmith who forges only swords;
whitesmithworks with white metal ( tin) and can refer to someone who polishes or finishes the metal rather than forging it.
Sometimes, terms similar to the above are created metaphorically, for categories of people not working with metal at all - for example, "songsmith".
Artisans and Craftpeople
The ancient traditional tool of the smith is a
forgeor "smithy", which is a furnacedesigned to allow compressed air (through a bellows) to superheat the inside, allowing for efficient melting, solderingand annealingof metals. Today, this tool is still widely used by blacksmiths as it was traditionally.
The term, "metalsmith", often refers to artisans and craftpersons who practice their craft in many different metals, including
gold, copperand silver. Jewelers often refer to their craft as "metalsmithing", and many universities offer degree programs in metalsmithing, jewelry and blacksmithing under the auspices of their fine arts programs.
Machinists are metalsmiths who produce high-precision parts and tools. The most advanced of these tools, CNCmachines, are computer controlled and largely automated.
* [http://www.snagmetalsmith.org/Publications/Metalsmith.aspx?sm=d_a Metalsmith magazine]
* [http://www.iforgeiron.com IForgeIron.com Metalworking Blueprints, Forum, Gallery and Reference]
* [http://members.vol.at/schmiede/feuerzange.htm Forging tongs (animation shows some typical smithing techniques)]
* [http://www.thedevilsworkshop.ca/howitsmade Video of a ring being forged by a metalsmith]
* [http://www.swordsquad.vze.com Sword Squad: Blacksmithing and Weapon Forum]
* [http://www.silversmithing.com Society of American Silversmiths]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Smith — may refer to: *Smith (metalwork), a person involved in the shaping of metal objects *Smith (surname), an English name **People with the surname Smith * Smith (TV series) (2006), an American television series *Smith (band), a 1960s American rock… … Wikipedia
Metalwork — Metalwork in the Service of the Church † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Metalwork in the Service of the Church From the earliest days the Church has employed utensils and vessels of metal in its liturgical ceremonies … Catholic encyclopedia
metalwork — metalworker, n. /met l werrk /, n. objects made of metal. [1840 50; METAL + WORK] * * * Useful and decorative objects fashioned of various metals. The oldest technique is hammering. After с 2500 BC, casting was also used, molten metal being… … Universalium
Smithy — may refer to:* Forge, also called a smithy, the workplace of a smith or a blacksmith * Smith (metalwork), sometimes referred to as a smithy, a person involved in the shaping of metal objects * Smithy (1924 film), a silent American film starring… … Wikipedia
Smyth — is an early variant of the common surname Smith. [Citation: Bardsley, 1901] Shown below are notable people who share the surname Smyth .Family name |name = Smyth Blacksmith at work pronunciation = |meaning = Smith (metalwork) region = United… … Wikipedia
Fendersmith — A Fendersmith is a person employed to clean and repair the metal fenders before fireplaces in mansions, fine estates, or castles. In this archaic profession, the same person is usually also responsible for lighting and keeping the fire contained… … Wikipedia
Medieval art — Byzantine monumental Church mosaics are one of the great achievements of medieval art. These are from Monreale in Sicily from the late 12th century. The medieval art of the Western world covers a vast scope of time and place, over 1000 years of… … Wikipedia
arts, East Asian — Introduction music and visual and performing arts of China, Korea, and Japan. The literatures of these countries are covered in the articles Chinese literature, Korean literature, and Japanese literature. Some studies of East Asia… … Universalium
sculpture — sculptural, adj. sculpturally, adv. /skulp cheuhr/, n., v., sculptured, sculpturing. n. 1. the art of carving, modeling, welding, or otherwise producing figurative or abstract works of art in three dimensions, as in relief, intaglio, or in the… … Universalium
Ireland — Irelander, n. /uyeur leuhnd/, n. 1. John, 1838 1918, U.S. Roman Catholic clergyman and social reformer, born in Ireland: archbishop of St. Paul, Minn., 1888 1918. 2. Also called Emerald Isle. Latin, Hibernia. a large western island of the British … Universalium