- Edward Hoby
Sir Edward Hoby (1560–1 March 1617) was a
diplomat, Member of Parliament, scholar, and soldier in Englandduring the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I. He was the son of Thomas Hobyand Elizabeth Cooke, the nephew of William Cecil, Lord Burghley, and the son-in-law of Queen Elizabeth's cousin Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon.
favouriteof King James, Hoby published several works supporting the Protestantcause as well as translations from the French and Spanish. His heir was his illegitimate son, Peregrine Hoby."Dictionary of National Biography"] [Cooper, "A Guide to Tudor & Jacobean Portraits", p. 20.]
Bisham Abbey, Berkshire, in 1560, Edward Hoby was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Hoby and his wife Elizabeth, third daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke or Coke of Gidea Hall, Essex. He was educated at Eton, where he formed a lasting friendship with Sir John Harington, and at Trinity College, Oxford. At college Thomas Lodge, the dramatist, was "servitour or scholar" under him.
Under the auspices of his uncle, Lord Burghley, [Burghley's wife Mildred was the sister of Hoby's mother.] he rose into high favour at the Elizabethan court, and was frequently employed on confidential missions. He married Elizabeth, daughter of
William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchesterin 1580; she died in 1581 [cite web|url=http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hwbradley/aqwg2862.htm#72080|title=Ancestry.com|accessdate=2008-09-06] and Hoby's fortunes were further advanced by his second marriage, on 21 May 1582, to Margaret, daughter of Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon, cousin of Queen Elizabeth. The day after the wedding he was knighted by the Queen.
In August 1584 he accompanied his father-in-law Hunsdon on a special mission to
Scotland. His affability and learning greatly impressed King James VI (later James of England), and after attending the Scottish ambassador, Patrick, Master of Gray, as far as Durham, Hoby received from the Scottish king a flattering letter, dated 24 October 1584, in which James intimated his longing for his company, and how he had "commanded his ambassador to sue for it." James Stewart, Earl of Arranalso wrote to the same effect, and enclosed a "small token," which he begged Hoby to wear in "testimony of their brotherhood". These amenities proved displeasing to Elizabeth, and Hoby found it convenient for a time to plead the ague as an excuse for not attending the court.
On 24 September 1586 he was returned M.P. for
Queenborough, Kent, and gained distinction as a speaker in Parliament. That October he complained that he had been "not only bitten but overpassed by the hard hand of" Francis Walsingham, and appealed to Secretary William Davison to use his influence with the queen in his behalf. Restored to favour, in July 1588 Hoby was chosen to report to the queen on the progress of the preparations against the Spanish Armada. That October he was elected M.P. for Berkshire. He was made justice of the peacefor Middlesexby a special renewal of the commission on 17 December 1591. In 1592 he was chosen M.P. for Kent, and in 1594 was granted letters patent for buying and providing woolfor sale in England for ten years, and the grant was ratified in the succeeding reign.
Hoby accompanied the Earl of Essex on the expedition to
Cádizin 1596, and was made constable of Queenborough Castle, Isle of Sheppey, Kent, on 9 July 1597. On the following 28 October Hoby received a commission to search out and prosecute all offences against the statute prohibiting the exportation of iron from England, his reward being half the forfeitures arising therefrom. He represented Rochesterin the parliaments of 1597, 1601, February 1604, and 1614. James I made him a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber, forgave his arrears of rent of the Royal Manor of Shirlandin Derbyshire(amounting to over £500), and on 21 August 1607 granted him an exclusive license to buy wool in Warwickshireand StaffordshireHe frequently entertained the king at Bisham.
An excellent scholar himself, Hoby cultivated the friendship of learned men, especially that of
William Camden, who eulogises his bounty and accomplishments in his "Britannia". Camden also dedicated his "Hibernia" (1587) to him.
In 1612 Hoby presented Sir Henry Savile's sumptuous edition of "St. Chrysostom" to the library of Trinity College. Hoby was also a keen
Protestanttheologian, sparring in print with the Roman Catholicconvert Theophilus Higgonsand the JesuitJohn Fludd or Floyd.
Hoby's theological writings include:
* "A Letter to Mr. T [heophilus] H [iggons] , late Minister: now Fugitive ... in answere of his first Motive," (1609), which was answered by Higgons during the same year.
* "A Counter-snarle for Ishmael Rabshakeh a Cycropedian Lycaonite" (1613), being a reply to "The Overthrow of the Protestants Pulpet Babels," by "J. R." (John Floyd). Floyd forthwith rejoined with his "Purgatories triumph over Hell, maugre the barking of Cerberus in Syr Edward Hobyes "Counter-snarle" (1613).
*"A Curry-combe for a сохе-combe . . . In answer to a lewd Libell lately foricated by Jabal Rachil against Sir Edward Hobies "Counter-Snarle," entitled "Purgatories triumph over Hell," (1615), written under the ponderous pseudonym of "Nick-Groome of the Hobie-Stable Reginoburgi," in the form of a dialogue.
:"This article contains text from "The Dictionary of National Biography: From the Earliest Times to 1900", Oxford University Press, 1908, a document now in the
title = Dictionary of National Biography: From the Earliest Times to 1900
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=0Cg8AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA949&lpg=PA949&dq=dictionary+of+national+biography+edward+hoby
accessdate = 2008-08-30
*Cooper, Tranya, "A Guide to Tudor & Jacobean Portraits", London, National Portrait Gallery, 2008, ISBN 9781855143937
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