- Sixth form
The sixth form, in the English, Welsh and Northern Irish education systems, Commonwealth West Indian countries such as
Barbados, Belize, Jamaicaand Trinidad and Tobago, and Maltais the final (optional) two years of secondary schooling (when students are about sixteen to nineteen years of age), during which students normally prepare for their GCE A-level examinations. The term is used to describe the final two years spent in a secondary schoolas opposed to a sixth form college(UK use) where students start at age sixteen after leaving secondary school.
The first five years of English secondary schooling were previously known as forms. Pupils started their first year of secondary school in the "first form" or
first year. The first form was the year in which pupils would have their twelfth birthday. They would move up a form each year before entering the fifth form in the year in which they would have their sixteenth birthday. Pupils who stayed on at school after sixteen to study for A levels moved up into the sixth form, which was divided into the "Lower Sixth" (Lower VIth) and the "Upper Sixth" (Upper VIth). In some private schools, the term "Middle Sixth" was used in place of Upper Sixth, with the latter being used for those who stayed on for an extra term to take the entrance examinations that were previously set for candidates to Oxford or Cambridge Universities. Other schools described these "Oxbridge" examination students as being in the "Seventh Form"
The system was changed for the
1990/ 1991academic year and school years are now numbered consecutively from primary school onwards. Year 1 is the first year of primary school after Reception. In Northern Ireland, the equivalent is "P1" with the equivalent of the English Year 1 being "P2". The first year of secondary school (the old first form) is now known as Year 7 (Year 8 in Northern Ireland). The Lower Sixth is now Year 12 and the Upper Sixth is Year 13 (years thirteen and fourteen in Northern Ireland). However, the term Sixth Form has still been retained as a relic of the old numbering system and is used as a collective term for years 12 and 13. Private schools (and a few state schools) still use the old numbering.
In some parts of the country, special "
sixth form colleges" were introduced during the decades from 1960onwards, recognising this as a particularly important phase of student life. A large proportion of English secondary schools no longer have an integral sixth form.This is mainly related to the liberal reforms in the later 20th century, where different political areas become a factor in the introduction of colleges instead of the original sixth forms.
In the Scottish education system the final year of school is usually known as Sixth Year or S6 (Secondary 6). During Sixth Year students typically study Advanced Higher and/or Higher courses in a wide range of subjects. They sit SQA exams at the end of their Sixth Year.
Sixth Year, like
fifth year, is optional. It is not essential for candidates to do a Sixth year if they wish to go to a Scottish university, if they have obtained adequate Higher grades in fifth year. Some English universities will also accept Scottish Students who have obtained adequate Higher grades in fifth year.
In some cases, particularly in independent schools, the term 'sixth form' is also used for the last two years of secondary education.
secondary schools in Hong Kong, Malaysia, Trinidad and Tobagoand Jamaica, the sixth and seventh years are called Lower and Upper Six(th).
Similarly, the term Sixth Form is also used to define the final two years of education before entering the University in
In Singapore, however, the equivalent of a sixth form college would be called a
junior collegewhere pupils do take their Cambridge GCE 'A' Levels after 2 years.
In some United States College Preparatory schools, such as
Ethical Culture Fieldston School, sixth form refers to the final year of education prior to college. It is the equivalent of twelfth gradein the American system.
Sixth form college
Education in the United Kingdom
High school juniorand High school senior- Equivalent American grades for this age range.
Ontario Academic Credit
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sixth form — sixth forms also sixth form N COUNT: usu sing The sixth form in a British school consists of the classes that pupils go into at the age of about sixteen, usually in order to study for A levels. She was offered her first modelling job while she… … English dictionary
sixth form — n. a senior section in some British, Australian, and New Zealand secondary schools, in which students continue preparation for college, do specialized work, study for A levels, etc. sixth former [siksth′fôr′mər] n. * * * n the classes that make… … Universalium
sixth form — n the highest level in the British school system. Children aged between 16 and 18 stay in the sixth form for two years while they prepare to take ↑A levels (=the highest level of school exams) . >sixth former n … Dictionary of contemporary English
sixth form — n. a senior section in some British, Australian, and New Zealand secondary schools, in which students continue preparation for college, do specialized work, study for A levels, etc. sixth former [siksth′fôr′mər] n … English World dictionary
sixth form — sixth ,form noun count or uncount the last stage of school in England and Wales for students between the ages of 16 and 18 … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
sixth form — noun : the highest form of a British secondary school traditionally representing the moral and intellectual leadership of the school * * * sixth form noun (the classes studying in) the (usu) two years of preparation for A level examinations in… … Useful english dictionary
sixth form — UK / US noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms sixth form : singular sixth form plural sixth forms the last stage of school in England and Wales for students between the ages of 16 and 18. Students in the sixth form study for a level… … English dictionary
Sixth form — El sixth form, en los sistemas educativos de Inglaterra, Gales, Irlanda del Norte y de las naciones de las Indias Occidentales pertenecientes a la Mancomunidad como Barbados, Belice, Jamaica y Trinidad y Tobago, son los dos últimos años… … Wikipedia Español
sixth-form — see sixth form … English dictionary
sixth form — noun Brit. the two final years at school for students between the ages of 16 and 18 who are preparing for A or AS levels. Derivatives sixth former noun … English new terms dictionary