- Robert Browne (Jacobean actor)
Robert Browne (1563 – c. 1622) was an English actor and theatre manager and investor of the later sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. He was also part of a long-standing confusion in the scholarship of
English Renaissance theatre.
Two Robert Brownes
The historical records of English Renaissance drama contain repeated mentions of "Robert Browne." Early scholars like E. K. Chambers [E. K. Chambers, "The Elizabethan Stage", 4 Volumes, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1923; Vol. 2, p. 304.] and Edwin Nunzeger [Edwin Nunzeger, "A Dictionary of Actors and of Others Associated with the Representation of Plays in England before 1642", New Haven, Yale University Press, 1929; pp. 60-3.] interpreted the records to indicate a single individual. Later scholars, principally Charles Jasper Sisson [C. J. Sisson, "Mr. and Mrs. Brown of the Boar's Head," "Life and Letters Today", Vol. 15 No. 6 (Winter 1936), pp. 99-107.] [C. J. Sisson, "The Boar's Head Theatre: An Inn-yard Theatre of the Elizabethan Age", Stanley Wells, ed., London, Routledge, 1972.] and Herbert Berry, [Herbert Berry, "The Boar's Head Playhouse", Washington DC, Folger Books, 1986.] demonstrated that two different men of the same name had been confused and conflated together.
The "other" Robert Browne died in 1603, and so can accurately be termed an Elizabethan actor. The Robert Browne who is the subject of this article had a career that extended through the first two decades of the seventeenth century, and in that sense can, as a differentiation, be called a Jacobean actor.
At home and abroad
Born in 1563, Robert Browne's acting career began by the time he was twenty years old, when he was a member of
Worcester's Men(1583). He was one of the English actors who performed on the Continent, especially in Germany, where English actors were especially favored. Browne worked in Holland in 1590, and in Germany in the 1592–94 period, again from 1601 through 1607, and once more in 1618–20. [Willem Schrickx, "'Pickleherring' and English Actors in Germany," "Shakespeare Survey", Vol. 36 (1983), pp. 135-48.] [Willem Schrickx, "English Actors at the Courts of Wolfenbüttel, Brussels and Graz," "Shakespeare Survey", Vol. 33 (1980), pp. 153-68.] This does not mean Browne was consistently abroad during those years; rather he passed back and forth between England and the Continent. Browne was in Frankfurtin September 1602, and in Augsburglater that year; he was in Nurembergin February 1603. He was in Frankfurt again in 1606; he and other English actors were under the patronage of Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, in 1606 and 1607. In 1618 he was with English players in Nuremburg in May, in Strassburgin June and July, and in Frankfurt in the autumn. He spent the winter of 1619–20 in Prague, at the court of Frederick and Elizabeth, King and Queen of Bohemia. He was back in Germany in early 1620. [Nunzeger, p. 62.]
William Sly, long a member of the King's Men, died in 1608, he left Robert Browne his share in the Globe Theatre. Browne did not keep the share for long; rather he sold it to Henry Condelland John Hemingesin partnership. Browne had a more substantive involvement in theatre investment and management in 1610, when he became one of the patentees of the Children of the Queen's Revels at the Whitefriars Theatre. [Chambers, Vol. 2, p. 56.] Browne may have had a specific responsibility for training the young actors in the troupe. [Lucy Munro, "Children of the Queen's Revels: A Jacobean Theatre Repertory", Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2005; p. 29.]
Browne married Cicely (or Sisely) Sands (or Saunders), the sister of actor James Sands, in 1594. Their son Robert was christened on 19 October 1595, their daughter Jane on 2 December 1599. The family resided in
Clerkenwell, in the neighborhood of the Red Bull Theatrewhere many actors and theatre people of the time lived.
After Browne's death, his widow would marry actor William Robbins.
* [http://shakespeareauthorship.com/bd/bio-b.htm "The Biographical Index of English Drama Before 1660", on the Brownes.]
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