Thomas Couture


Thomas Couture

Thomas Couture (December 21, 1815 – March 30, 1879) was an influential French history painter and teacher.

He was born at Senlis Oise, France and at age 11, Thomas Couture's family moved to Paris where he would study at the industrial arts school (École des Arts et Métiers) and later at the École des Beaux-Arts. He failed the prestigious Prix de Rome competition at the École six times, but he felt the problem was with the École, not himself. Couture finally did win the prize in 1837.

In 1840, he began exhibiting historical and genre pictures at the Paris Salon, earning several medals for his works, in particular for his 1847 masterpiece, "Romans in the Decadence of the Empire"." Shortly after this success, Couture opened an independent atelier meant to challenge the École des Beaux-Arts by turning out the best new history painters.

Couture's innovative technique gained much attention, and he received Government and Church commissions for murals during the late 1840s through the 1850s. However, he never completed the first two commissions, while the third met with mixed criticism. Upset by the unfavorable reception of his murals, in 1860 he left Paris, for a time returning to his hometown of Senlis, where he continued to teach young artists who came to him. In 1867 he thumbed his nose at the academic establishment by publishing a book on his own ideas and working methods.

Couture taught such later luminaries of the art world as Edouard Manet, Henri Fantin-Latour, and Pierre Puvis de Chavannes.

Asked by a publisher to do an autobiography, Thomas Couture responded "Biography is the exaltation of personality — and personality is the scourge of our time."

Couture died at Villiers-le-Bel, Val-d'Oise, and was interred in the Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris, France.

External links

* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6160 Find-A-Grave profile for Thomas Couture]

Persondata
NAME= Couture, Thomas
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION=French history painter and teacher
DATE OF BIRTH=December 21, 1815
PLACE OF BIRTH=Senlis, Oise, France
DATE OF DEATH=March 30, 1879
PLACE OF DEATH=Villiers-le-Bel, Val-d'Oise, France


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thomas Couture — Autorretrato de Thomas Couture Nacimiento 21 de diciembre de 1815 Senlis …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thomas Couture — Die Römer der Verfallszeit Thomas Couture (* 21. Dezember 1815 in Senlis, Département Oise; † 30. März 1879 auf seinem Schloss Villiers le Bel, Île de France) war ein französischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Couture — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Couture (homonymie). Thomas Couture Autoportrait …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Couture — bezeichnet Personen: Camille Couture (1876−1961), kanadischer Violinist, Musiklehrer und Geigenbauer Charlélie Couture (* 1956), französischer Musiker, Bildhauer und Designer Guillaume Couture (1732–1799), französischer Architekt Jacques Couture… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Couture (Homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas Satterwhite Noble — (May 29, 1835 April 27, 1907) was born in Lexington, Kentucky. He grew up on a plantation where hemp and cotton were grown. Noble saw the effects of slavery firsthand and portrayed many scenes of the Old South in his works. He attended… …   Wikipedia

  • Couture (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Couture (homonymie) », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Couture désigne l activité de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Couture — Contents 1 Places in France 2 People 3 Other 4 See also …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Zeumer — is a successful entrepreneur and former president and CEO of top modelling agency Metropolitan Models. [cite web |url=http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi m0EIN/is 1998 August 3/ai 20974402 |title=Immediate Entertainment Group Makes Announcement …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Rowley — Thomas Chatterton Thomas Chatterton Autres noms Thomas Rowley Activité(s) Poète Naissance 20 novembre 1752 …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.