Agenda 21


Agenda 21

Agenda 21 is a programme run by the United Nations (UN) related to sustainable development. It is a comprehensive blueprint of action to be taken globally, nationally and locally by organizations of the UN, governments, and major groups in every area in which humans impact on the environment. The number "21" refers to the 21st century.

Development of Agenda 21

The full text of Agenda 21 was revealed at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Earth Summit), held in Rio de Janeiro on June 14 1992, where 179 governments voted to adopt the programme. The final text was the result of drafting, consultation and negotiation, beginning in 1989 and culminating at the two-week conference.

Rio+5

In 1997, the General Assembly of the UN held a special session to appraise five years of progress on the implementation of Agenda 21 (Rio +5). The Assembly recognized progress as 'uneven' and identified key trends including increasing globalization, widening inequalities in income and a continued deterioration of the global environment. A new General Assembly Resolution (S-19/2) promised further action.

The Johannesburg Summit

The Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, agreed at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Earth Summit 2002) affirmed UN commitment to 'full implementation' of Agenda 21, alongside achievement of the Millennium Development Goals and other international agreements.

Implementation

The Commission on Sustainable Development acts as a high level forum on sustainable development and has acted as preparatory committee for summits and sessions on the implementation of Agenda 21.

The United Nations Division for Sustainable Development acts as the secretariat to the Commission and works 'within the context of' Agenda 21.

Implementation by member states remains essentially voluntary.

Structure and contents

There are 40 chapters in Agenda 21, divided into four sections. All told the document was over 900 pages:

Section I: Social and Economic Dimensions

including combating poverty, changing consumption patterns, population and demographic dynamics, promoting health, promoting sustainable settlement patterns and integrating environment and development into decision-making.

Section II: Conservation and Management of Resources for Development

including atmospheric protection, combating deforestation, protecting fragile environments, conservation of biological diversity (biodiversity), and control of pollution.

Section III: Strengthening the Role of Major Groups

including the roles of children and youth, women, NGOs, local authorities, business and workers.

Section IV: Means of Implementation

including science, technology transfer, education, international institutions and mechanisms and financial mechanisms.

Local Agenda 21

The implementation of Agenda 21 was intended to involve action at international, national, regional and local levels. Some national and state governments have legislated or advised that local authorities take steps to implement the plan locally, as recommended in Chapter 28 of the document. Such programmes are often known as 'Local Agenda 21' or 'LA21'. [http://website.lineone.net/~amthomas/articles/env_01.htm]

ee also

* Ecologically sustainable development
* Green Globe

External links

* [http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/agenda21text.htm Agenda 21 text] .
* [http://worldinbalance.net/agreements/1992-rio-agenda21.html Easy-to-read version of Agenda 21] at the Center for a World in Balance.
* [http://www.agenda21now.org Agenda 21 NOW!] , an international internet conference for students 14 and older.
* [http://www.environment.gov.au/esd/ Australian Government - Department of Environment and Water Resources]
* [http://www.sage21.org School's Agenda 21 for a Greener Earth]
* [http://www.stingflation.com Agenda '63, seizure of the globalization trend]


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  • Agenda — Agenda …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • agenda — [ aʒɛ̃da ] n. m. • 1535; mot lat. « choses à faire », spécialt « office » en lat. médiév., d où agende fin XIIIe , en ce sens ♦ Carnet sur lequel on inscrit jour par jour ce qu on doit faire, ses rendez vous, ses dépenses, etc. Agendas de poche,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Agenda — (vom Lateinischen agenda, Neutrum Plural des Gerundivs agendum, wörtlich „das zu Treibende oder zu Tuende, d.h. das, was getan werden muss“; im Deutschen jetzt fälschlicherweise als Femininum Singular gebraucht) ist ein im romanischen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • agenda — a‧gen‧da [əˈdʒendə] noun [countable] 1. a list of the subjects to be discussed at a meeting: • What s the first item on the agenda? • High on the agenda of today’s meeting of the G8 is global warming. 2. a list of things that someone considers… …   Financial and business terms

  • Agenda — may refer to: * Agenda (meeting), points to be discussed; sometimes refers to the list of topics itself * Political agenda, the set of goals of an ideological group; also used as above, the topics under discussion by a government * Lotus Agenda,… …   Wikipedia

  • agendă — AGÉNDĂ, agende, s.f. 1. Carnet cu foi ca de calendar, în care se notează lucrările care urmează să fie făcute la anumite date. 2. Ordine de zi. – Din fr., lat. agenda. Trimis de ana zecheru, 10.11.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  AGÉNDĂ s. v. ordine de zi.… …   Dicționar Român

  • agenda — sustantivo femenino 1. Libro o cuaderno en que se anotan datos de interés personal: agenda de teléfonos, agenda de direcciones, agenda de notas, consultar la agenda. Me lo apuntaré en la agenda para no olvidarme. 2. Programa de trabajo o de… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • AGENDA — AE, vox Ecclesiae Romanae. Dicuntur autem Agendae, munia Canonica, statutis temporibus agenda, ut officium (quod dicitur) Matutinum et Vespertinum Capitular. Caroli l. 6. c. 234. Si quis Presbyter, inconsultô Episcopô, Agendam in quolibet loco… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • agenda — 1. The essential plurality of this word (= things to be done) has been worn to extinction by usage. Its dominant sense now is ‘a list of items of business to be considered at a meeting, etc.’ and it is often used in extended or figurative… …   Modern English usage

  • agenda — ([.a]*j[e^]n d[.a]), n. a temporally organized plan for matters to be attended to. Syn: docket, schedule [WordNet 1.5 +PJC] 2. A list of matters to be discussed (as at a meeting). Syn: agendum, docket, order of business [WordNet 1.5] 3. A motive… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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