Alsace-Lorraine B 1


Alsace-Lorraine B 1

Infobox German Railway Vehicle
Baureihe= Alsace-Lorraine B 1
Farbe1= FF0000
Farbe2= FFFFFF
Abbildung=
Name=
Nummerierung= Nr. 30–41 Nr. 501–512 (from 1906) Nos. 101–102 (from 1912)
Hersteller= Strousberg
Baujahre= 1870
Ausmusterung=
Anzahl= 12
Achsformel=
Wheel arrangement=0-4-2
Bauart= B1' n2
Gattung=
Spurweite=
Treibraddurchmesser= 1,412 mm
VorneLaufraddurchmesser=
HintenLaufraddurchmesser=
AussenLaufraddurchmesser=
InnenLaufraddurchmesser=
Laufraddurchmesser= 1,040 mm
Anfahrzugkraft=
Beschleunigung=
Bremsverzögerung=
Leistungskennziffer=
Höchstgeschwindigkeit= 60 km/h
LängeÜberKupplung=
LängeÜberPuffer= 13,267 mm
Länge=
Höhe=
Breite=
Drehzapfenabstand=
AchsabstandDerFahrgestelle=
FesterRadstand=
Gesamtradstand= 4,342 mm
RadstandMitTender=
Leermasse= 29.1 t
Dienstmasse= 31.9 t
DienstmasseMitTender=
Reibungsmasse= 25.4 t
Radsatzfahrmasse=
Antrieb=
Geschwindigkeitsmesser=
Steuerung=
Übersetzungsstufen=
Kupplungstyp=
Bremsen=
Zusatzbremse=
Feststellbremse=
Zugheizung=
Lokbremse=
Zugbremse=
Zugsicherung=
Halbmesser=
Besonderheiten=
Anmerkung=
Zylinderanzahl= 2
Zylinderdurchmesser= 418 mm
NDZylinderdurchmesser=
HDZylinderdurchmesser=
Kolbenhub= 602 mm
Kuppelraddurchmesser= 1412 mm
Kessel=
Kessellänge=
Kesseldruck= 8.5 bar
AnzahlHeizrohre=
AnzahlRauchrohre=
Heizrohrlänge=
Rostfläche= 1.28 m²
Strahlungsheizfläche= 8.14 m²
Rohrheizfläche= 79.59 m²
Überhitzerfläche=
Verdampfungsheizfläche= 87.68 m²
IndizierteLeistung=
Steuerungsart=
Zylinderdruck=
Tenderbauart= 2 T 10
DienstmasseTender= 26.1 t
Wasser= 9-10 m³
Brennstoff= 3.5-4 t coal

The steam locomotives of Alsace-Lorraine Class B 1 were procured by the Imperial Railways in Alsace-Lorraine in 1871. In 1906 they were reorganised into Class P 1.

History

When Germany took over the railway network in Alsace-Lorraine following their victory in the Franco-Prussian War, there was a need to procure locomotives and coaches because the French had withdrawn all the railway stock. Originally the intent was to use the 12 locomotives (nos. 16 to 23) built by Strousberg to 'Strousberg norms' for the Halle-Sorau-Guben railway. They were no longer in service there, because the the Reich railways purchased them immediately after their delivery. The locomotives were given the numbers 30 to 41 and christened with the names of various German rivers.

In 1906 the locomotives were renumbered as 501 to 512. In 1912, numbers 504 and 509 were again renumbered to 101 and 102. All other locomotives had already been retired by then. Locomotive 102 was still occasionally working in 1918 (as a so-called "Auswaschlokomotive") in the Mühlhausen area.

Design features

The locomotives had an inside frame and the boiler had three shells, the rear one being crowned by the steam dome. The outer firebox had a Belpaire cover, a deep firebox that extended below the axles and a large smokebox.

The locomotive had an outside, twin-cylinder wet steam engine and an inside Allan valve gear. The connecting rod drove the second coupled axle.

Springing of the coupled axles was achieved using leaf springs above the axles. The spring elements were linked by compensating levers. On the carrying axles, transverse leaf springs were used.

The locomotives were later fitted with a Westinghouse compressed-air brake, a steam heating system, washout equipment, sand distributor and adjustable blastpipe.

The tender had a horseshoe water tank and a second water container between the frame. That enabled it to carry up to 9 m³ of water.

Literature

* Spielhoff, Lothar, "Dampflokomotiven: Bahnen in Elsaß-Lothringen (EFA F.1)", 1991, Alba, Düsseldorf, ISBN 3-87094-142-1

ee also

*Imperial Railways in Alsace-Lorraine
*List of Alsace-Lorraine locomotives
*Länderbahnen

External links

* There is a relevant English-language forum at [http://germanrail.8.forumer.com/index.php Railways of Germany]


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