Odostomia


Odostomia
Odostomia
Odostomia pallida, O. conoidea, O. conspicua, O. truncatula
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
Superfamily: Pyramidelloidea
Family: Pyramidellidae
Subfamily: Odostomiinae
Genus: Odostomia
Fleming, 1813
Type species
Odostomia (Odostomia) plicata Montagu, G., 1803
Species

See text

Synonyms[1]
  • Brachystomia Monterosato, 1884
  • Odontostoma Philippi, 1853
  • Odontostomia G.B. Sowerby I, 1839 (Invalid: unjustified emendation of Odostomia)
  • Odostomia (Brachystomia) Monterosato, 1884
Odostomia fusulus Monterosato, 1878

Odostomia is the most speciose genus of minute sea snails, pyramidellid gastropod mollusks. This genus is currently placed in the family Odostomiidae in the subfamily Odostomiinae. There are several hundred species in the genus (Schander et al. 1999) [1][2][3]

Contents

Distribution

The genus Odostomia is common in all oceans from the tropics to the polar regions. It is mainly known from coastal areas and sandy shores, and is less common in the deep sea.

Description

Most species are have minute shells, usually between 2 mm and 5 mm. The apex of the ovate-conical shell is rather obtuse or nipple-shaped. They are variously sculptured, usually with a microsculpture.The aperture is suboval with the peristome incomplete behind. There is usually a tooth-like fold on the columella. [4]

Life habits

The members of Odostomia are ectoparasites on other molluscs, and polychaetes. First they pierce the body wall with the buccal stylet and then feed on them by sucking blood with their buccal pump. They have become a pest of oysters, mussels, scallops and slipper limpets. [5] Most of the Odostomia species are host-specific, only a few are not. Odostomia scalaris MacGillivray, 1843 is an ectoparasite on a wide range of hosts but especially known as a pest of mussels. Odostomia turrita Hanley, 1844 has been found on the European lobster Homarus gammarus (Linnaeus, 1758). [6]

Species

Species within the genus Odostomia include:[1]


The following species were brought into synonymy:[1]

  • Odostomia alba Calkins, 1878 accepted as Melanella conoidea (Kurtz & Stimpson, 1851)
  • Odostomia albella (Loven) accepted as Odostomia unidentata (Montagu, 1803)
  • Odostomia alia Penas & Rolan, 1999: synonym of Eulimella alia (Penas & Rolan, 1999)
  • Odostomia amiantus Dall & Bartsch, 1907 accepted as Odostomia amianta Dall & Bartsch, 1907
  • Odostomia amoena Monterosato, 1878 accepted as Turbonilla amoena (Monterosato, 1878)
  • Odostomia arctica Dall & Bartsch, 1909 accepted as Aartsenia arctica (Dall & Bartsch, 1909)
  • Odostomia attenuata Jeffreys, 1884 accepted as Turbonilla micans (Monterosato, 1875)
  • Odostomia babylonia (C. B. Adams, 1845) accepted as Pseudoscilla babylonia (C. B. Adams, 1845)
  • Odostomia clathrata Jeffreys, 1848 accepted as Chrysallida clathrata (Jeffreys, 1848)
  • Odostomia compressa Jeffreys, 1884 accepted as Turbonilla compressa (Jeffreys, 1884)
  • Odostomia crassicostata W.H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Hinemoa crassella van Aartsen & Corgan, 1996
  • Odostomia delicata Monterosato, 1874 accepted as Turbonilla acuta (Donovan, 1804)
  • Odostomia didyma W.H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Odostomia dyma van Aartsen & Corgan, 1996
  • Odostomia dulcis W.H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Odostomia gittenbergeri van Aartsen & Corgan, 1996
  • Odostomia elegans A. Adams, 1860 accepted as Evalea elegans (A. Adams, 1860)
  • Odostomia elegantissima (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Turbonilla lactea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Odostomia erecta W.H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Odostomia barnardi van Aartsen & Corgan, 1996
  • Odostomia eucosmia Dall & Bartsch, 1909 : synonym of Iolaea eucosmia Dall & Bartsch, 1909
  • Odostomia formosa Jeffreys, 1848 accepted as Turbonilla rufa (Philippi, 1836)
  • Odostomia formosa W.H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Chrysallida africana van Aartsen & Corgan, 1996
  • Odostomia fulgidula Jeffreys, 1884 accepted as Turbonilla fulgidula (Jeffreys, 1884)
  • Odostomia gigantea Dunker, 1877 accepted as Leucotina casta (A. Adams, 1853)
  • Odostomia glabrata Forbes & Hanley, 1850 accepted as Odostomia megerlei (Locard, 1886)
  • Odostomia intermedia Brusina, 1869 accepted as Chrysallida ghisottii (van Aartsen, 1984)
  • Odostomia io W.H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Evalea carinae van Aartsen & Corgan, 1996
  • Odostomia letsonae Pilsbry, 1918 accepted as Chrystella letsonae (Pilsbry, 1918)
  • Odostomia magnifica Seguenza G., 1879 accepted as Turbonilla magnifica (Seguenza G., 1879)
  • Odostomia micans Monterosato, 1875 accepted as Turbonilla micans (Monterosato, 1875)
  • Odostomia minima Jeffreys, 1858 accepted as Cima minima (Jeffreys, 1858)
  • Odostomia modesta (Stimpson, 1851) accepted as Fargoa bartschi (Winkley, 1909)
  • Odostomia moulinsiana P. Fischer, 1864 accepted as Chrysallida terebellum (Philippi, 1844)
  • Odostomia nanodea Monterosato, 1878 accepted as Chrysallida juliae (de Folin, 1872)
  • Odostomia nisoides Brugnone, 1873 accepted as Eulimella scillae (Scacchi, 1835)
  • Odostomia nivosa (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Chrysallida nivosa (Montagu, 1803)
  • Odostomia normani Friele, 1886 accepted as Ondina normani (Friele, 1886)
  • Odostomia obeliscus W.H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Odostomia becki W.H. Turton, 1933
  • Odostomia obtusa W.H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Odostomia tomlini W.H. Turton, 1933
  • Odostomia ornata W.H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Chrysallida vanbruggeni van Aartsen & Corgan, 1996
  • Odostomia paucistriata Jeffreys, 1884 accepted as Turbonilla paucistriata (Jeffreys, 1884)
  • Odostomia peregrina Thiele, 1912 accepted as Odostomia kergueleae van Aartsen & Corgan, 1996
  • Odostomia praelonga Jeffreys, 1884 accepted as Eulimella cerullii (Cossmann, 1916)
  • Odostomia pretiosa W.H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Pyrgulina sowerbyi van Aartsen & Corgan, 1996
  • Odostomia producta (C. B. Adams, 1840) accepted as Syrnola producta (C. B. Adams, 1840)
  • Odostomia rissoides Hanley, 1844 accepted as Odostomia scalaris MacGillivray, 1843
  • Odostomia rissoiformis Milachevitch, 1912 accepted as Odostomia albella (Loven)
  • Odostomia robusta G.B. Sowerby III, 1901 accepted as Pyrgulina durabilis van Aartsen & Corgan, 1996
  • Odostomia rosea Monterosato, 1877 accepted as Turbonilla internodula (S.V. Wood, 1848)
  • Odostomia scillae (Scacchi, 1835) accepted as Eulimella scillae (Scacchi, 1835)
  • Odostomia sigmoidea Monterosato, 1880 accepted as Chrysallida sigmoidea (Monterosato, 1880)
  • Odostomia sinuosa Jeffreys, 1884 accepted as Turbonilla sinuosa (Jeffreys, 1884)
  • Odostomia sinuosa Nomura, 1937 accepted as Sinuatodostomia nomurai van Aartsen & Corgan, 1996
  • Odostomia somersi Verrill & Bush, 1900 accepted as Boonea somersi (Verrill & Bush, 1900)
  • Odostomia sulcata Hutton, 1885 accepted as Leucotina casta (A. Adams, 1853)
  • Odostomia suta Pilsbry, 1918 accepted as Teretianax suta (Pilsbry, 1918)
  • Odostomia testicula (Peñas & Rolán, 1999) accepted as Odostomia testiculus Peñas & Rolán, 1999
  • Odostomia tornata A. E. Verrill, 1884 accepted as Oscilla tornata (A. E. Verrill, 1884)
  • Odostomia trifida (Totten, 1834) accepted as Boonea bisuturalis (Say, 1822)
  • Odostomia turbonilloides Brusina, 1869 accepted as Chrysallida incerta (Milaschewitsch, 1916)
  • Odostomia venusta Monterosato, 1875 accepted as Turbonilla amoena (Monterosato, 1878)
  • Odostomia verduini van Aartsen, 1987 accepted as Odostomia improbabilis Oberling, 1970

References

  1. ^ a b c d Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2011). Odostomia Fleming, 1813. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138413 on 2011-06-16
  2. ^ Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213
  3. ^ Spencer, H.; Marshall. B. (2009). All Mollusca except Opisthobranchia. In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp
  4. ^ Macgillivray, William , History of the molluscous animals of Scotland; London, 1844
  5. ^ H. A. Cole and D. A. Hancock, Odostomia as a pest of oysters and mussels; Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (1955), 34 : pp 25-31
  6. ^ Sneli, J.-A. (1972). Odostomia turrita found on Homarus gammarus Nautilus: Maandblad van het Koninklijk Belgisch Zeemanscollege = Nautilus: Revue mensuelle du Collège Royal Maritime Belge 86(1): 23
  • Fleming, T (1813). Conchology. Brewster's Edinburgh Encyclopedia. 7. pp. 55–107. 
  • Schander, C., van Aartsen J. J. & Corgan, J. X. (1999). "Families and genera of the Pyramidelloidea (Mollusca: Gastropoda)". Bollettino Malacologico 34 (9-12): 145–166. 
  • Vaught, K.C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne, FL (USA). ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp
  • Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213
  • Spencer, H.; Marshall. B. (2009). All Mollusca except Opisthobranchia. In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp

External links


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