- Family tree
A family tree is a chart representing family relationships in a conventional
tree structure. The more detailed family trees used in medicine, genealogy, and social workare known as genograms.
Family tree representations
Genealogical data can be represented in several formats, for example as a pedigree or ancestor chart (see links below). Family trees are often presented with the oldest generations at the top and the newer generations at the bottom. An ancestry chart, which is a tree showing the ancestors of an individual, will more closely resemble a tree in shape, being wider at the top than the bottom (illustration below in "The Family Tree of Sigmund"). In some ancestry charts, an individual appears on the left and his or her ancestors appear to the right (see Lucas Grey tree above). A descendancy chart, which depicts all the descendants of an individual will be narrowest at the top.
Family trees can have many different themes. One might encompass all descendants of a single figure, or all known ancestors of a living person. Another might include all members of a particular surname (e.g. male-line descendants). Yet another approach is to construct a tree including all holders of a certain office, such as kings of Germany. This relies on
dynastic marriageto hold together the links between dynasties.
The image of the tree probably originated with one in medieval art of the
Tree of Jesse, used to illustrate the Genealogy of Christin terms of a prophecy of Isaiah(Isaiah, 11, 1). Possibly the first non-Biblical use, and the first to show full family relationships rather than a purely patrilineal scheme, was that involving family trees of the classical gods in Boccaccio's Genealogia deorum gentilium("On the Genealogy of the Gods of the Gentiles"), whose first version dates to 1360.
The longest family tree in the world today is that of the Chinese philosopher and educator
Confucius(551-479 BC). The tree spans more than 80 generations, and includes more than 2 million members. An international effort involving more than 450 branches around the world was started in 1998 to retrace and revise this family tree. The latest findings will be published next year (2009) by the "Confucius Genealogy Compilation Committee" to coincide with the 2560th anniversary of the birth of the Chinese thinker. This latest edition is expected to include some 1.3 million living members who are scattered around the world today. [ [http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2008-02/16/content_6460522.htm Confucius family tree has two million members] from " China Daily"]
Cousin chart(Table of consanguinity)
Genealogical numbering systems
List of family trees
* [http://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch.org]
* [http://www.familyrecords.gov.uk/ Public records and useful guides on obtaining copies of certificates (UK)]
* [http://www.freebmd.org.uk/ Free BMD] UK vital records indexes
* [http://www.1901censusonline.com/ 1901 Census] (UK)
* [http://www.usgenweb.org/ USGenWeb Project]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Family Tree — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Family Tree Box set de Björk Publicación 4 de Noviembre, 2002 Grabación 1993 2001 … Wikipedia Español
Family tree — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Family tree est la traduction anglaise de l expression arbre généalogique . Cette expression peut également faire référence à : Family Tree (1999),… … Wikipédia en Français
Family Tree — es una recopilación de canciones lanzada el 4 de noviembre de 2002 por la cantante y compositora islandesa Björk. Family Tree significa Árbol genealógico y refleja la evolución del trabajo de la cantante desde la década de los 80 cuando se… … Enciclopedia Universal
family tree — [n] family history ancestral tree, ancestry, bloodline, descent, genealogical chart, genealogy, heredity, lineage, pedigree; concept 296 … New thesaurus
family tree — family trees N COUNT A family tree is a chart that shows all the people in a family over many generations and their relationship to one another … English dictionary
family tree — n. 1. a genealogical chart showing the relationship of ancestors and descendants in a given family 2. all the ancestors and descendants in a given family … English World dictionary
family tree — n a drawing that gives the names of all the members of a family over a long period of time, and shows how they are related to each other … Dictionary of contemporary English
family tree — noun count a drawing that contains the names of everyone in a family over a long period of time and shows the relationships among them … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
family tree — ► NOUN ▪ a diagram showing the relationship between people in several generations of a family … English terms dictionary
family tree — index ancestry, blood, bloodline, descent (lineage), parentage Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 … Law dictionary