- Chao Lake
Chao Lake Location Anhui Province, China Coordinates Coordinates: Basin countries China Max. length 52km(31.35.30.00N) Max. width 22km(117.39.20.00E) Surface area 760 km² Average depth 2.5 m (8.2 ft) Max. depth 5.0 m (16.4 ft)
Chao Lake, or Chao Hu, (Chinese: 巢湖; pinyin: Cháo Hú), is a lake located at the juncture of Chaohu and Hefei cities in Anhui Province, China. It is the largest lake in Anhui and one of the five largest freshwater lakes in China. Laoshan Island is situated within the lake. About 5 million people live near the lake, and use it for irrigation, transportation and fishing. Heavy use of the lake in recent years has led to eutrophication and silting. Due to China's rapid economic growth, the lake is now one of China's most polluted lakes.
Noted tourist sites around the lake include Mount Mu, Zhongmiao Temple, Tongyang River, Mount Yinping, and the Immortals Cave. The silver fish, shrimps, and crabs of Lake Chao are called the Three Treasures, and it also enjoys the grand name of "Land of Plenty".
According to legend, the site of the lake was once a prosperous city named Chaozhou. Because of sins of its people, it was cursed by the heavens and ordered to be destroyed by flood. The task was to be carried out by a white dragon who was only able to find one good person, an old lady ('Lao' in Chinese) surnamed Jiao. After the destruction of Chaozhou, only the old lady and her daughter were saved. They became the two islands emerging from the lake. This legend may in fact be rooted in geological history, since Lake Chao is located on the intersection of several major faultlines, of which the most famous is the Tan Lu Fault which caused the great 1976 Tangshan earthquake in its northern section.
Lakes of China Famous Freshwater LakesXingkai Lake • Poyang Lake • Lake Dongting • Lake Tai • Hulun Lake • Lake Hongze • Nansi Lake • Bosten Lake • Lake Chao • Gaoyou Lake • Ngoring Lake • Gyaring Lake • Lake Sayram • Baiyangdian Lake • Hong Lake • Longgan Lake • Liangzi Lake • Dian Lake • Ulansuhai Nur • Luoma Lake • Erhai Lake • Junshan Lake • Fuxian Lake • Shijiu Lake • Wabu Lake • Nanyi Lake • Dongping Lake • Ge Lake • Yangcheng Lake • Chenghai Lake • Dianshan Lake • Yangzong Lake • Xingyun Lake • Qilu Lake • Yilong Lake • Ayding Lake • Buir Lake • Chagan Lake (China) • Daming Lake • Diexi Lake • Dongqian Lake • Heaven Lake • Hundred Flower Pond • Karakul (China) • Kunming Lake • Lugu Lake • Ruyi Lake • South Lake (Jiaxing) • Tangjiashan Lake • White Cloud Lake • Xuanwu Lake • Yueya Lake (Nanjing) Famous Salt Lakes National ParkJingpo Lake • Wudalianchi Lake • Lake Tai • West Lake • East Lake (Wuhan) • Tianchi Lake (Tianshan) • Songhua Lake • Jingyue Lake • Slim West Lake • Lake Dongting • Hongfeng Lake • Lake Dian • Lake Jin (Taining) • Crescent Lake (Dunhuang) • Qinghai Lake • Lake Chao • Fairy Lake • West Lake (Huizhou) • Lake Qiong • Bosten Lake • Feiyun Lake • Huguang Rock • Bailong Lake • Lake Sayram • Huating Lake • Zhelin Lake Protected Wetlands Nature Reserve Reservoirs Anhui topics Hefei (capital) General Geography Education CultureHuangmeixi opera Cuisine Visitor attractions
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