Royalist


Royalist

A royalist supports a particular monarch as head of state for a particular kingdom, or of a particular dynastic claim. In the abstract, this position is "royalism". It is distinct from monarchism, which advocates a monarchical system of government, but not necessarily a particular monarch. Most often, the term "royalist" is applied to a supporter of a current regime or one that has been recently overthrown to form a republic.

In the UK today, the term is almost indistinguishable from "monarchist," because there are no significant rival claimants to the throne. Conversely, in 19th-century France, a royalist might be either a Legitimist or an Orléanist, both being monarchists.

More specifically, it may refer to:
* A Cavalier, the nickname given to supporters of King Charles I (and later King Charles II) during the English Civil War
* A Jacobite who supports the claim of James II and his line (the head of which is currently Franz, Duke of Bavaria, the would be King Francis II) as King of England, Scots and Ireland
* A supporter of the restoration of France's monarchy:
** Chouannerie, a royalist group during the French Revolution
** Legitimists, French royalists upholding Salic Law
** Orléanists, who, in late 18th- and 19th century France, supported the Orléanist branch of the French royal family, which came to power in the July Revolution
** Ultra-royalists, a nineteenth-century reactionary faction of the French parliament
* Supporters of the return of Leopold III as King of the Belgians after the Second World War, also called Leopoldists
*Royalist (Spanish American Revolutions), a supporter of the Spanish Empire during the Hispanic American wars of independence
* A member of the Estonian Royalist Party
* A Loyalist or Tory during the American Revolution
*Ships:
**HMS "Royalist"
**"The Royalist"
**TS "Royalist"


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Royalist — Roy al*ist, n. [Cf. F. royaliste.] An adherent of a king (as of Charles I. in England, or of the Bourbons in france); one attached to monarchical government. [1913 Webster] Where Ca ndish fought, the Royalists prevailed. Waller. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • royalist — 1640s, from ROYAL (Cf. royal) + IST (Cf. ist) …   Etymology dictionary

  • royalist — ► NOUN 1) a person who supports the principle of monarchy. 2) historical a supporter of the King against Parliament in the English Civil War. DERIVATIVES royalism noun …   English terms dictionary

  • royalist — [roi′əlist] n. 1. an adherent of royalism; person who supports a monarch or a monarchy, esp. in times of revolution, civil war, etc. 2. [R ] a) a supporter of Charles I of England; Cavalier ☆ b) a supporter of the British in the American… …   English World dictionary

  • Royalist — Ein Royalist ist ein Königstreuer (Anhänger des Königs/Königtums). Royalist wird meist als Synonym für Monarchist verwendet. Darüber hinaus ist jedoch auch noch zu differenzieren: Der Ausdruck Royalist bezeichnet im angelsächsischen Bereich einen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Royalist — Pour le voilier école britannique, voir TS Royalist. Mise en scène de Naseby, vue sur les forces des Royalists Un Royalist …   Wikipédia en Français

  • royalist — UK [ˈrɔɪəlɪst] / US noun [countable] Word forms royalist : singular royalist plural royalists 1) someone who believes that their country should have a king or queen He was charged with spying for the royalists. 2) someone who supports a… …   English dictionary

  • royalist — noun Date: 1643 1. often capitalized an adherent of a king or of monarchical government: as a. cavalier 3 b. Tory 4 2. a reactionary business tycoon • royalist adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • royalist — royalism, n. royalistic, adj. /roy euh list/, n. 1. a supporter or adherent of a king or royal government, esp. in times of rebellion or civil war. 2. (cap.) a Cavalier adherent of Charles I of England. 3. a loyalist in the American Revolution;… …   Universalium

  • royalist — roy|al|ist [ˈrɔıəlıst] n someone who supports their country s king or queen, or believes that a country should be ruled by kings or queens ≠ ↑republican >royalist adj …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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