Northern Ireland Executive (1974)


Northern Ireland Executive (1974)
Northern Ireland 1973–98

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Northern Ireland


Interim bodies
Northern Ireland Assembly (1973)
Northern Ireland Executive (1974)
Constitutional Convention (1975)
Northern Ireland Assembly (1982)
Northern Ireland Forum (1996)
Elections
1973 · 1975 · 1982 · 1996
Members
1973 · 1975 · 1982 · 1996
See also
Anglo-Irish Agreement
New Ireland Forum
Northern Ireland by-elections, 1986
Northern Ireland sovereignty referendum, 1973

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After the Northern Ireland Assembly elections of 1973, negotiations between the pro-agreement parties on the formation of a "power-sharing Executive" began. The most contentious issues were internment, policing and the question of a Council of Ireland.

On 21 November, agreement was reached on a voluntary coalition of pro-agreement parties, and the Executive took office on 1 January 1974. Prominent members of the executive included former Unionist Prime Minister Brian Faulkner as Chief Executive, then SDLP leader Gerry Fitt as Deputy Chief Executive, future Nobel Laureate and SDLP leader John Hume as Minister for Commerce and then leader of the Alliance Party Oliver Napier as Legal Minister and head of the Office of Law Reform. Again, the UUP was deeply divided; its Standing Committee voted to participate in the executive by a margin of only 132 to 105. Since the partition of Ireland, unionists had been opposed to sharing power with the nationalist minority, and the end of majoritarianism caused great strife in the UUP. After opposition from within the UUP and the Ulster Workers' Council strike, the executive and Assembly collapsed on 28 May 1974 when Brian Faulkner resigned as Chief Executive.

Chief Executive

In January 1974 Brian Faulkner became Chief Executive in the power-sharing executive with the SDLP and the middle-of-the-road Alliance Party, a political alliance cemented at the Sunningdale Conference that year. After opposition from within the UUP and the Ulster Workers Council Strike, the executive and assembly collapsed on 28 May 1974 when Faulkner resigned as Chief Executive.

Members of the Northern Ireland Executive

Department Minister Party
Chief Executive     Brian Faulkner Ulster Unionist
Deputy Chief Executive     Gerry Fitt SDLP
Minister of Finance     Herbert Kirk Ulster Unionist
Minister of Commerce     John Hume SDLP
Minister of Environment     Roy Bradford Ulster Unionist
Minister of Health and Social Services     Paddy Devlin SDLP
Minister of Education     Basil McIvor Ulster Unionist
Minister of Agriculture     Leslie Morrell Ulster Unionist
Minister of Housing, Local Government and Planning     Austin Currie SDLP
Legal Minister and head of the Office of Law Reform     Oliver Napier Alliance Party
Minister of Information     John L. Baxter Ulster Unionist

See also



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