Chief Ministers in Malaysia


Chief Ministers in Malaysia
Malaysia

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The Menteri Besar (literally "Great Minister" in Malay) is the chief executive of the state government for states in Malaysia with hereditary rulers. For states without a monarch, the title Chief Minister (Ketua Menteri) is used. The title 'Menteri Besar' is usually untranslated in the English media in Malaysia,[1] but is typically translated as 'Chief Minister' by foreign media.[2]

According to protocol, all Menteris Besar and Chief Ministers are styled Yang Amat Berhormat (abbreviated Y.A.B.), which means "The Most Honourable".

Contents

History

In most states within Malaysia, the office was created by the British colonial government in 1948, in tandem with the creation of the Federation of Malaya. However, it was Johor which became the first state to create the Menteri Besar position as subject to Undang-undang Tubuh Negeri Johor (Johor State Constitution) enforced by Sultan Abu Bakar which made Johor the first Malay state to adopt the constitutional monarchy system. After the country achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1957, the office became elective, with the leader of the biggest party in the state legislative assemblies assuming that post.

List of current Menteris Besar and Chief Ministers

The following is a table of Menteris Besar and Chief Ministers of each state:

State Office Officeholder Party Took office
 Johor Menteri Besar Abdul Ghani Othman Barisan Nasional (UMNO) 01995-05-06 May 6, 1995
 Kedah Menteri Besar Azizan Abdul Razak Pakatan Rakyat (PAS) 02008-03-09 March 9, 2008
 Kelantan Menteri Besar Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat Pakatan Rakyat (PAS) 01990-10-22 October 22, 1990
 Malacca Chief Minister Mohd Ali Rustam Barisan Nasional (UMNO) 01999-12-03 December 3, 1999
 Negeri Sembilan Menteri Besar Mohamad Hassan Barisan Nasional (UMNO) 02004-03-25 March 25, 2004
 Pahang Menteri Besar Adnan Yaakob Barisan Nasional (UMNO) 01995-05-25 May 25, 1995
 Penang Chief Minister Lim Guan Eng Pakatan Rakyat (DAP) 02008-03-11 March 11, 2008
 Perak Menteri Besar Zambry Abdul Kadir Barisan Nasional (UMNO) 02009-05-12 May 12, 2009
 Perlis Menteri Besar Md Isa Sabu Barisan Nasional (UMNO) 02008-03-17 March 17, 2008
 Sabah Chief Minister Musa Aman Barisan Nasional (UMNO) 02003-03-04 March 4, 2003
 Sarawak Chief Minister Abdul Taib Mahmud Barisan Nasional (PBB) 01981-03-26 March 26, 1981
 Selangor Menteri Besar Abdul Khalid Ibrahim Pakatan Rakyat (PKR) 02008-03-13 March 13, 2008
 Terengganu Menteri Besar Ahmad Said Barisan Nasional (UMNO) 02008-03-25 March 25, 2008

References

  1. ^ The following are examples of the use of Menteri Besar in Distinction between Menteri Besar and Chief Minister in the same article:
  2. ^ Examples of the use of Chief Minister in place of Menteri Besar by non-local media:

External links


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