Chinese Indonesian cuisine


Chinese Indonesian cuisine
Nasi Tim Ayam
Nasi campur Chinese Indonesian version
Shrimp siomay
Fresh lumpia

Chinese Indonesian cuisine is characterized by the mixture of Chinese with local Indonesian style. Chinese dishes modified with addition of chili, santan (coconut milk) and spices form a new Indonesian Chinese cuisine. Some of the dishes and cakes share the same style as in Malaysia and Singapore which are known as the Nonya cuisine by the Peranakan.

The Indonesian Chinese cuisine also vary with locations. For example in different parts of Java the dishes are adapted to local culture. In central Java, the food tends to be much more sweet. In Medan, North Sumatra a more traditional Chinese style can be found.

There are different style of Chinese food in Indonesia:

  • New style Chinese food with chefs from China, Hongkong or Taiwan.
  • Traditional Chinese food, such as the Teochew, Hokkian, Hakka dishes.
  • Chinese-Indonesian food with recipes borrowed from Dutch and other European cuisine as well as local cuisine.
  • Chinese dishes adapted to the local taste, such as replacing pork with chicken or beef to make it halal

Some of the typical Chinese Indonesian Food:

  • Bakmi, noodles which are adapted to different styles and regions. Each city has its own recipe for noodles or mie, e.g. Bakmi Jawa, Bakmi Bandung, Bakmi Medan, Bakmi Makassar, Bakmi Bangka, etc. 'Bak-Mi' comes from the Hokkien pronunciation for 'Meat-Noodle'.
  • Bakso, Bak-So is the Hokkien pronunciation for 'Shredded-Meat'.
  • Bakwan, Bak-Wan is the Hokkien pronunciation for 'Meat-Ball', usually made from beef.
  • Cap cai, named for the Hokkian word for a mixture of various types of vegetables. Usually served as stir fried mixed vegetables with chicken when ordered as ala carte.
  • Fu yung hai, sometimes spelled Pu yung hai, is a type of omelette filled with vegetables and meat (usually crab meat, shrimp or minced chicken) served in sweet and sour sauce.
  • Kwetiau goreng, fried flat noodle similar to char kuay teow.
  • Lumpia, a fresh spring roll of Hokkien/Chaozhou-style origin.
  • Mie goreng, fried noodle with spices and chili darkened with kecap manis.
  • Nasi campur, In Chinese Indonesian version, it is rice with an assortment of Chinese barbecue, such as Char Siew, crispy roast pork, sweet pork sausage and pork satay.
  • Nasi goreng, fried rice with spices and chili, often add kecap manis, but another variant may differ.
  • Nasi Tim, steamed chicken rice served with chicken brooth soup.
  • Pau, which is the Chinese word for 'bun'; sometimes written as Bak-Pau, literally meaning 'Meat-Bun', which is a bun with meat fillings. (Bak is the Hokkien pronunciation for 'meat'.)
  • Sapo, Sa-Po which is the Chinese word for 'Clay-Pot'.
  • Siomay, similar to Chinese dim sum.
  • Swikee, frog legs dish.
  • Tahu goreng, fried tofu with peanut sauce or sweet soy sauce with chopped chili. 'Tau-Hu' also comes from the Chinese word for 'Bean-Curd'.

See also

Bibliography

  • Tan, Mely G. (2002), "Chinese Dietary Culture in Indonesian Urban Society", in Wu, David Y. H. & Cheung, Sidney C. H., The Globalization of Chinese Food, Honolulu, H.I.: University of Hawaii Press, pp. 152–169, ISBN 978-0-8248-2582-9. 



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