- Communist Party of Hawaii
Communist Party of Hawaii Chairman Charles Fujimoto (last known) Founded 1930's Headquarters Honolulu, Hawaii Ideology
National affiliation Communist Party USA Politics of the United States
The Communist Party were involved with forming labor unions and organizing labour strikes and the general strikes during the nonviolent revolution leading up to the "Revolution of 1954".
In an attempt to stop the movement the FBI launched synchronized raids in 1951, rounding up seven prominent member of the party including chairman Charles Fujimoto. The seven detainees became known as the Hawaii 7 and were charged with conspiracy to overthrow the territorial government. Following the raids the party went into hiding. Several members that were members of both the Communist and Democratic parties moved to the Democrats and helped push the Democrats of Hawaii closer to center-left. Little is known about the Communist Party after it went underground, but it was still active in the successful Revolution of 1954.
By far the largest contribution to the decline of Communist Party was their own success. They had gained support from the poor and non-Caucasian workers by messages of bringing an improved lifestyle, equal rights, and expanded opportunists. But as these promises were coming true there was no longer a need for the Party. Most members, including Jack Wayne Hall head of the ILWU in Hawaii, became convinced the task of the Communist Party was completed and the Party was dissolved in 1958.
- ^ No Sword to Bury by Franklin Odo
Political parties of Hawaii Present Former 1900s Former 1800s KeyName (previous or other name) Communist Party USA Endorsed candidatesPresidentialVice Presidential LeadersCharles Ruthenberg, Executive Secretary of old CPA (1919–1920); Executive Secretary of WPA/W(C)P (May 1922-1927) · Alfred Wagenknecht, Executive Secretary of CLP (1919–1920); of UCP (1920–1921) · Charles Dirba, Executive Secretary of old CPA (1920–1921); of unified CPA (May 30, 1921-July 27, 1921) · Louis Shapiro, Executive Secretary of old CPA (briefly, late 1920) · L.E. Katterfeld, Executive Secretary of unified CPA (July 27-1921-October 15, 1921) · William Weinstone, Executive Secretary of unified CPA (October 15, 1921-February 22, 1922) · Jay Lovestone Executive Secretary of unified CPA (February 22, 1922-August 22, 1922); of W(C)P/CPUSA (1927–1929) · James P. Cannon, National Chairman of WPA (Dec. 1921-1922) · Caleb Harrison, Executive Secretary of WPA (Dec. 1921-May 1922) · Abram Jakira, Executive Secretary of unified CPA (Aug. 22, 1922-dissolution of underground party in 1923) · William Z. Foster, Party Chairman (1929–1934) · Earl Browder, Party Chairman (1934–1945) · Eugene Dennis, General Secretary (1945–1959) and William Z. Foster, Party Chairman (1945–1957) · Gus Hall, General Secretary (1959–2000) · Sam Webb, Chairman (2000-present) Related articles
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