Communist insurgency in the Philippines


Communist insurgency in the Philippines
Communist insurgency in the Philippines
Part of Cold War
Date 1942-Present, conflict grew from 1969-1985
Location Philippines
Status Ongoing; conflict reduced since the late 1990s
Belligerents
 Philippines

Supported by:
 United States (1946-1954)

Hammer and sickle.svg Hukbalahap (1942-1968)

Hammer and sickle.svg Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930 (1930-1964)
Hammer and sickle.svg Communist Party of the Philippines (1968-present)
NPA.png New People's Army (1969-present)
Supported by:
 People's Republic of China
 Soviet Union (1946-1968)

Commanders and leaders
Philippines Manuel Roxas
Philippines Elpidio Quirino
Philippines Ramon Magsaysay
Philippines Col Alfredo M. Santos

Philippines Benigno Aquino III
Philippines Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Philippines Joseph Estrada
Philippines Corazon Aquino
Philippines Fidel Ramos
Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
Philippines Defense Secretary Voltaire Gazmin
Philippines Gen. Ricardo David
Philippines Gen. Hermogenes Esperon
Philippines Gen. Roy Cimatu
Philippines Gen. Angelo Reyes

Hammer and sickle.svg Luis Taruc

Hammer and sickle.svg Filemon Lagman
Hammer and sickle.svg Pedro Abad Santos
NPA.png Jose Maria Sison

The Communist insurgency in the Philippines refers to conflicts between communist rebel groups and the Philippine government and it's supporters. It includes the Hukbalahap Rebellion and later conflicts involving the New People's Army. During and after World War II, there were several peasant militias fighting against the Empire of Japan and later the government of the Philippines. Eventually these groups embraced communism. The ideology of the rebels has changed over the years. Until 1968, they were predominantly pro-Soviet in nature. However, after 1968, due to the Sino-Soviet Split, they sided with the People's Republic of China and became Maoists. In recent years, the rebel groups have consistently decreased in number, in power and in influence.


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