17th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)


17th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)
Kirov at the Congress

The 17th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was held during 26 January - 10 February 1934. The congress was attended by 1,225 delegates with a casting vote and 736 delegates with a consultative vote, representing 1,872,488 party members and 935,298 candidate members[1].

Nicknamed "The Congress of the Victors" due to the economic successes of the First Five-Year Plan, it was in fact the last clandestine revolt against Stalin from within party ranks.[2]

During the elections to the party's Central Committee Stalin received a significant number (over a hundred, although the precise number is unknown) of negative votes, whereas only three delegates crossed out the name of the popular Leningrad party boss, Sergei Kirov. The results were subsequently covered up on Stalin's orders and it was officially reported that Stalin also received only three negative votes.[3]

During the Congress a group of veteran party members approached Kirov with the suggestion that he replace Stalin as the party leader. Kirov declined the offer and reported the conversation to Stalin.

In public Stalin was acclaimed, not merely as the leader of the party, but as a towering, universal genius in every human sphere. All his former opponents spoke approvingly of him (other than Leon Trotsky, who had been exiled in 1929) and pledged their total support to the party line.

At the congress Rabkrin was dissolved and its functions passed to the Sovnarkom's State Control Commission.

The 17th Congress has also been given the name The Congress of the Condemned, because of 1,996 party members present, 1,108 were arrested, and about two thirds of those executed within three years, largely during the Great Terror. Of the 139 members elected to the Central Committee in the 17th Congress, 98 would be executed in the purges. Of the remaining 41, only 24 would be re-elected to the Central Committee in the 18th Congress.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Sixteenth Congress of the CPSU (Bolshevik) in The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979).
  2. ^ Fitzpatrick, 150
  3. ^ Robert C. Tucker, Stalin in power: the revolution from above, 1928-1941. W.W. Norton, 1992, ISBN 0-393-30869-3; p. 260
  4. ^ Fitzpatrick, 165
  • Armstrong, John A. 1961. The Politics of Totalitarianism: The Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1934 to the Present. New York: Random House.
  • Fitzpatrick, Sheila. 1994. The Russian Revolution, Second Edition. New York: Oxford University Press.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Communist Party of the Soviet Union — CPSU redirects here. For other uses, see CPSU (disambiguation). All Union Communist Party (bolsheviks) redirects here. For other uses, see All Union Communist Party (disambiguation). KPSS redirects here. For the Statistical test, see KPSS test.… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union — Communist Party of the Soviet Union History Organisation …   Wikipedia

  • General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union — Soviet Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Soviet Union …   Wikipedia

  • Union of Soviet Socialist Republics — a former federal union of 15 constituent republics, in E Europe and W and N Asia, comprising the larger part of the former Russian Empire: dissolved in December 1991. 8,650,069 sq. mi. (22,402,200 sq. km). Cap.: Moscow. Also called Russia, Soviet …   Universalium

  • On the Personality Cult and its Consequences — Communist Party of the Soviet Union History Organisation …   Wikipedia

  • 14th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Ukrainian) — 14th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS Divisional insignia of the 14th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Ukrainian) Active 28 April …   Wikipedia

  • Nikolai Bryukhanov — Bryukhanov was a Soviet Narkom of Finance who was arrested and executed in 1938, during the Great Purge People s Commissar for Finance of the USSR In office 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Ukraine — /yooh krayn , kruyn , yooh krayn/, n. a republic in SE Europe: rich agricultural and industrial region. 50,684,635; 223,090 sq. mi. (603,700 sq. km). Cap.: Kiev. Russian, Ukraina. Formerly, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. * * * Ukraine… …   Universalium

  • History of Russia — The history of Russia begins with that of the East Slavs. The first East Slavic state, Kievan Rus , adopted Christianity from the Byzantine Empire in 988, [cite web|title=Kievan Rus and Mongol Periods|url=http://www.shsu.edu/ his… …   Wikipedia

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.