Csanád County


Csanád County

Csanád County
Csanád vármegye
Comitatul Cenad
Comitatus Chanadiensis
Komitat Tschanad
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
11th century–1920

Coat of arms of Csanád

Coat of arms

Location of Csanád
Capital Makó
History
 - Established 11th century
 - Treaty of Trianon June 4 1920
Area
 - 1910 1,714 km2 (662 sq mi)
Population
 - 1910 145,200 
     Density 84.7 /km2  (219.4 /sq mi)
Today part of Hungary, Romania


Csanád is the name of a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is presently in western Romania and southeastern Hungary. The capital of the county was Makó.

Contents

Geography

Csanád county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Csongrád, Békés, Arad and Torontál. The river Mureş/Maros formed its southern border. Its area was 1715 km² around 1910.

History

Csanád county was formed before the 11th century and was named after Castle Csanád, which in turn was named after its first comes, a cousin of Saint Stephen. The Diocese of Csanád was one of the oldest in Hungary. Its first bishop was Saint Gellért.

In 1920 the Treaty of Trianon assigned a small area in the southeast of the county (Nădlac and Şeitin) to Romania. The rest of the county was united with parts of Torontál county (a small area south of Szeged) and Arad county (a small area south of Békéscsaba) to form the new county Csanád-Arad-Torontál.

After World War II Csanád-Arad-Torontál county was divided over the Hungarian counties Békés and Csongrád. The Romanian part of former Csanád county is now part of the Romanian county Arad.

Demographics

According to the census of 1900 140,007 people lived in the county. Therefore Csanád county was one of the most densely populated counties of the Hungarian Kingdom. Among them were 103,242 (73.2%) Hungarians, 1182 (0.8%) Germans, 17,274 (12.3%) Slovaks und 13,982 (10 %) Romanians and 3981 Serbs (2.8%). The Hungarians formed an ethnic majority in every district except for the district Nagylak. The main part of the Slovaks and Romanians lived in the district Nagylak, the Serbs in the district Battonya. 71,610 of the inhabitants were Catholics, 25,234 Calvinists, 18,384 Lutherans, 4520 Greek Catholics, 16,567 Orthodox and 3254 Jews.

Subdivisions

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Csanád county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Battonya Battonya
Központ Makó
Mezőkovácsháza Mezőkovácsháza
Nagylak Nagylak, RO Nădlac
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Makó

The town of Nădlac is presently in Romania; the other towns mentioned are presently in Hungary.

External links

Heraldry [1]


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