Cowper ministry (1870)


Cowper ministry (1870)

The Cowper ministry (1870) or Fifth Cowper ministry was the twelfth ministry of the Colony of New South Wales, and the fifth and final occasion of being led by the Premier, the Honourable Sir Charles Cowper, CMG, MLA.

Colony of New South Wales (1863–1900)

Cowper was elected in the first free elections for the New South Wales Legislative Assembly held in March 1856, and fought unsuccessfully with Stuart Donaldson to form Government. When Donaldson's Government faltered a little over two months after it was formed, Cowper formed Government on the first occasion, but he also lost the confidence of the Assembly a few months later. Cowper formed Government on the second occasion between 1857 and 1859; but it also lost the confidence of the Assembly. On the third occasion, Cowper formed Government following the decision by Premier John Robertson to step aside and focus on land reform,[1] however Cowper then lost the 1863 general election to James Martin.[2] Cowper retained government on the fourth occasion by defeating Martin at the 1865 general election.[3] Following the resignation of his colleague, Robertson, who lost the confidence of the Assembly, Cowper became Premier on the fifth and final occasion in 1870.

There was no party system in New South Wales politics until 1887. Under the constitution, ministers were required to resign to recontest their seats in a by-election when appointed. These by-elections are only noted when the minister was defeated; in general, he was elected unopposed.

This ministry covers the period from 13 January 1870 until 15 December 1870, when Martin was asked to form government after Cowper again lost the confidence of the Assembly.[4]

Composition of ministry

Portfolio Minister Term commence Term end Term of office
Premier
Colonial Secretary
Hon. Sir Charles Cowper, CMG, MLA 13 January 1870 15 December 1870 336 days
Colonial Treasurer Hon. Saul Samuel MLA
Secretary for Lands Hon. William Forster MLA 14 April 1870 91 days
Hon. John Robertson MLA 13 August 1870 15 December 1870 124 days
Secretary for Public Works Hon. John Sutherland MLA 13 January 1870 336 days
Attorney-General Hon. Sir William Manning MLC
Solicitor General Hon. Julian Salomons MLA
Postmaster-General Hon. Daniel Egan MLA
Representative of the Government in Legislative Council Hon. Robert Owen MLC 1 1 August 1870 200 days
1 A Member of the Government with a Seat in the Cabinet

See also

References

  1. ^ Nairn, Bede. "Robertson, Sir John (1816 - 1891)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A060050b.htm. Retrieved 2007-02-22. 
  2. ^ Serle, Percival. "Martin, James (1820-1886)". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Project Gutenberg Australia. http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogMa-Mo.html#martin3. Retrieved 2007-02-18. 
  3. ^ Ward, John M.. "Cowper, Sir Charles (1807 - 1875)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A030447b.htm. Retrieved 2007-02-20. 
  4. ^ "Former Members - Chronological List of Ministries 1856 to 2009 (requires download)" (Excel spreadsheet). Project for the Sesquicentenary of Responsible Government in NSW. Parliament of New South Wales. http://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/prod/web/common.nsf/key/Archives_MemberPage. Retrieved 2010-01-02. 
Preceded by
Robertson ministry (1868–1870)
Cowper ministry (1870)
1870
Succeeded by
Martin ministry (1870–1872)

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