- Creation (2009 film)
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Jon Amiel Produced by Jeremy Thomas Written by John Collee Starring Paul Bettany
Music by Christopher Young Cinematography Jess Hall Editing by Melanie Oliver Studio Recorded Picture Company
Distributed by Icon Film Distribution (UK)
Newmarket Films (USA)
Release date(s) 25 September 2009 Running time 108 minutes Country United Kingdom Language English Budget £10,000,000 ($15,900,000) (estimate) Box office $896,298
Creation is a 2009 British biographical drama film. Produced by Jeremy Thomas, the film was directed by Jon Amiel, and stars Paul Bettany and Jennifer Connelly as Charles and Emma Darwin. John Collee wrote the script based on Randal Keynes's biography of Darwin titled Annie's Box.
British naturalist Charles Darwin is a young father who lives a quiet life in an idyllic village. He is a brilliant and deeply emotional man, devoted to his wife and children. Darwin is especially fond of his eldest daughter Annie, a precocious and inquisitive ten-year-old. He teaches her much about nature and science, including his theory of evolution, and tells her stories of his travels. Her favourite story, despite the sad ending, is about the young orangutan Jenny, who is brought from Borneo to the London Zoo, where she finally died of pneumonia in the arms of her keeper. Darwin is furious when he learns that the family clergyman has made Annie kneel on rock salt as punishment for contradicting him about the existence of dinosaurs, as their existence and extinction contradicts the church's position that life is unchanging and that the Earth is very young.
Having returned from his expedition in the Galapagos Islands 15 years earlier, Darwin is still working on finishing a manuscript about his findings, which substantiates his theory of evolution. The delay is caused by anxiety about his relationship with his devoutly religious wife, Emma, who fundamentally opposes his ideas and understands the threat to their religion that his work poses. Emma worries that she may go to heaven and he may not, separating them for eternity.
The film shows Annie in flashbacks and hallucinations, a vibrant apparition who goads her father to address his fears and finish his masterwork. It is apparent that Annie has died, and that her death is a taboo subject between Darwin and Emma, as both feel intense blame for her death. As a result of the strained relations between Charles and Emma, they stop making love entirely. Anguished, Darwin begins to suffer from a mysterious, fatiguing illness.
It is revealed that after Annie becomes ill in 1851, Darwin takes her to the Worcestershire town of Malvern for James Manby Gully's water cure therapy, against Emma's will. Annie's condition worsens, an she ultimately dies after her father, at her request, tells her Jenny's story once more. Darwin is devastated, and her death sharpens his conviction that natural laws have nothing to do with divine intervention. To his contemporaries, this is an idea so dangerous it seems to threaten the existence of God. In a box in Darwin’s study, we discover the notes and observations that will become On the Origin of Species.
Having read his 230-page synopsis, Darwin's friends in the scientific community, Joseph Dalton Hooker and Thomas Henry Huxley, also encourage him. Huxley admiringly tells Darwin that with his theory he has "killed God", which fills Darwin with dread. In his hallucinations, he also feels that Annie disapproves of his procrastination.
Darwin receives a letter from Alfred Russel Wallace in 1855, which details the same findings as Darwin in 20 pages. He has mixed feelings about this; all his work may have been in vain, but on the other hand, as he will not have to write his book, the discord with Emma will heal. However, Darwin's friends will him to continue, as his book is much more comprehensive.
After receiving treatment at Malvern himself, Darwin makes a pilgrimage to the hotel where Annie died. The journey marks a change in him; upon his return home, he is able to reconnect with his wife, and they speak to each other for the first time of their fears and grief over Annie's death. They specifically speak about the possibility that Annie died because she was genetically weak, as Darwin and Emma are closely related cousins. Their renewed devotion restores Darwin's health, and he is able to resume his work, as it also restores Emma's faith in their marriage, and she regains her strength to support his controversial work. Darwin decides that Emma must make the decision about publishing his work. After reading the manuscript, she quietly returns it addressed to John Murray publishers in London. Emma accepts that she is an "accomplice" now, but hopes that God will forgive them both.
Darwin walks down the lane, holding the package. When the postman arrives, Darwin falters, almost letting him go empty-handed. The postman rides away, unaware of the powerful idea about to be released onto the world. As Darwin walks home, the little figure of Annie walks alongside him.
- Paul Bettany, as Charles Darwin
- Jennifer Connelly, as Emma Darwin
- Martha West as Anne Darwin
- Freya Parks as Etty Darwin
- Christopher Dunkin as George Darwin
- Gene Goodman as Frank Darwin
- Harrison Sansostri as Leonard Darwin
- Benedict Cumberbatch, as Joseph Dalton Hooker
- Jeremy Northam, as Reverend John Brodie-Innes
- Toby Jones, as Thomas Henry Huxley
- Bill Paterson, as Dr. Gully
- Robert Glenister as Sir Henry Holland, 1st Baronet
- Jim Carter, as Joseph Parslow
- Ian Kelly as Robert FitzRoy
- Zak Davies as Jemmy Button
- Anabolena Rodriguez as Fuegia Basket
Creation is based on real-life letters and documents of the Darwin family. It is an adaptation of Annie's Box: Charles Darwin, His Daughter and Human Evolution, a best-selling biography of Charles Darwin by Darwin's great-great grandson Randal Keynes.
The film was produced by Jeremy Thomas at Recorded Picture Company. BBC Films co-developed with assistance from the UK Film Council's development fund. It was completed in England in December 2008. Much of the filming took place in the Wiltshire town of Bradford on Avon (standing in for Malvern), and at Darwin's home, Down House in Kent.
The film takes some artistic licence with respect to the Darwin family. Darwin's eldest child was a son William, who does not appear. The experiments Darwin is shown performing on the baby Anne were rather performed on William. The Darwin's third daughter Elizabeth (who it is believed was mentally retarded) and their fifth son Horace do not appear either. Emma's final pregnancy and subsequent short life of their final child, Charles Waring (who it is believed had Down's syndrome), which occurred concurrently with the publication of the Origin of Species is also not portrayed.
The film had its world premiere on 10 September 2009 at the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival as the opening night Gala Presentation, the first non-Canadian film since 1996 to be so honoured.
According to producer Jeremy Thomas, the United States was one of the last countries to find a distributor due to the prominence of the Creation–evolution controversy. Thomas said: "It is unbelievable to us that this is still a really hot potato in America. There's still a great belief that He [God] made the world in six days. It's quite difficult for we in the UK to imagine religion in America. We live in a country which is no longer so religious. But in the US, outside of New York and Los Angeles, religion rules."  His comments in the mainstream press, and the publicity surrounding the Toronto premiere, provoked flame wars across religious, atheist, scientific and film communities on the Internet. Several campaigns and petitions sprang up independently in attempts to lobby distributors to release the film in the US, including those on Facebook. Posts on related blogs such as film critic Roger Ebert's, a noted admirer of Darwin, stretched into the hundreds.
On 24 September 2009, Variety reported that Newmarket Films acquired the rights to the film, which was then released on 22 January in the US. Newmarket Films had previously successfully released Mel Gibson's controversial film The Passion Of The Christ.
Creation was released in the UK on 25 September 2009, in Greece on 15 October 2009, in Japan on 20 October 2009 (Tokyo International Film Festival), in New Zealand on 24 December 2009, in the Netherlands on 7 January 2010, in Belgium on 20 January 2010 and in the USA and Canada on 22 January 2010.
The film has received generally mixed reviews. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 46% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 92 reviews, with an average score of 5.5/10. The critical consensus is: This Charles Darwin biopic is curiously dispassionate, but Creation contains some of director Jon Amiel's best work, and Paul Bettany's performance is not to be missed.
Film critic Philip French, writing in The Guardian, called the film "A complex, truthful work that does justice to Darwin's theories and their implications", while his colleague, film critic Peter Bradshaw wrote "This gentle, heartfelt and well-acted film about Charles Darwin and his personal agony preceding the 1859 publication of On the Origin of Species does not shy away from the issues. But it personalises them, and places them in a new context."
In The Telegraph, film critic Tim Robey opined: "Bettany has a genius for distraction and reverie, guiding the film intelligently in and out of its soul-searching flashbacks. Only the closing shot of father and daughter walking hand in hand feels like a sentimental misstep – the one touch too much, in a sad, searching piece of work about the reluctant labour of a great idea. In Screen International, senior film critic Fionnuala Halligan wrote: "Bettany is undoubtedly the film’s main asset: physically and emotionally convincing as Darwin in a very tricky role. Amiel’s core challenge here is to make audiences believe their story: parents to 10 children, eminent Victorians with an unusual devotion to their brood; the author of a book which changed the world."
Writing in The Hollywood Reporter, film critic Ray Bennett said "Amiel's greatest achievement is that "Creation" is a deeply human film with moments of genuine lightness and high spirits to go with all the deep thinking."
- ^ "Creation". LionsGate. http://www.lionsgateshop.com/product.asp?Id=23614&TitleParentId=6818&View=ProductDetails. Retrieved 2010-07-27.
- ^ a b c d e f Stuart Kemp (4 September 2008). "Bettany, Connelly to star in Darwin pic". The Hollywood Reporter. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/content_display/news/e3ic8fa818f78acd577415585360227ed83. Retrieved 17 October 2008. [dead link]
- ^ "Official website". http://creationthemovie.com.
- ^ a b "Hollywood returns to Wiltshire". BBC. 26 November 2008. http://www.bbc.co.uk/wiltshire/content/articles/2008/11/26/darwin_film_bradford_on_avon_feature.shtml. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
- ^ a b Singh, Anita (11 September 2009). "Charles Darwin film 'too controversial for religious America'". London: Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/6173399/Charles-Darwin-film-too-controversial-for-religious-America.html. Retrieved 12 September 2009.
- ^ Evans, Ian (2009), "Creation premiere at the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival", DigitalHit.com, http://www.digitalhit.com/galleries/34/492, retrieved 11 December 2009
- ^ "Darwin biopic to launch Toronto". BBC. 15 July 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/8151456.stm. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
- ^ What Creation's deal mean for the future of British cinema http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/filmblog/2009/sep/25/creation-charles-darwin-british-film
- ^ Bring 'Creation' to the U.S http://anyeverynot.wordpress.com/2009/09/17/bring-creation-to-the-us/
- ^ Darwin Walks Out On Genesis http://blogs.suntimes.com/ebert/2009/09/tiff_4_darwin_walks_out_on_gen.html
- ^ McNary, Dave (25 September 2009). "Newmarket nabs rights to 'Creation'". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118009136.html?categoryId=13&cs=1. Retrieved 25 September 2009.
- ^ a b "Creation". Rotten Tomatoes. http://au.rottentomatoes.com/m/1205717-creation/. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- ^ French, Philip (27 September 2009). "Creation". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2009/sep/27/creation-review. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- ^ Bradshaw, Peter (24 September 2009). "Creation". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2009/sep/24/creation-review. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- ^ Robey, Tim (24 September 2009). "Creation, review Creation, with Paul Bettany as Charles Darwin, is more than just a stolid drama.". The Daily Telegraph (London). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/filmreviews/6227270/Creation-review.html. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- ^ http://www.screendaily.com/5005046.articl
- ^ http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/film-reviews/creation-film-review-1004010552.story
Films directed by Jon Amiel 1980sThe Silent Twins (1986) · Queen of Hearts (1989) 1990s 2000sThe Core (2003) · Creation (2009)
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